Our teacher assigned us a project to do with an extremely open-ended prompt and it should be completed within a month. I was planning on doing something related to computation and evolution in terms of biology although I'm not really sure where to start. I say simple because I'm not a professional programmer, rather, extremely interested in the field and I hope to use this as an opportunity to stretch by skills. Any ideas on a project or where to start would be greatly appreciated.
You can use BLAST or NCBI resources to do an analysis of something like the duplication of a gene in the HIV virus, for example. If you're looking for a place to start, I would recommend just learning the NCBI database resources.
In addition to what Ham Radio suggested, checking out Galaxy might not be a bad idea for doing any sort of computation/analysis that would otherwise have to be done on the command line. In particular, check out tools for sequence alignment (BWA and Bowtie), genome assembly (Velvet, Spades, IDBA-UD), and variant analysis (Freebayes, Mpileup, GATK). Good luck!