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I am not an expert but I guess that mangroves (or some other plants that thrive in sea water) perform some kind of desalination to extract fresh water from sea water.

Is this true? If yes, What biological mechanisms are used to remove salt from sea water?

I am interested in any research about biological desalination.

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There has been a lot of research in this field which asserts that mangroves desalinate sea water.

This paper concludes that this process in mangroves use an ultrafiltration mechanism in the roots of the plant where membranes extract freshwater which is taken up the plant.

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