I am doing an experiment where I have to do both Immunohistochemistry and SDS-PAGE. I am assuming that the native conformation of the protein is maintained in the IHC. But during the blot, we heat the protein (at least in our lab) at 95oC in mercaptoethanol to denature the protein by breaking the disulphide bonds thereby destroying the tertiary structure.
My question is when we are using the same antibody against the protein in the tissue (intact for IHC) and isolated (denatured for SDS-PAGE) protein, how can it bind both? So, the antibodies bind to the epitope based on the AA sequence or the 3D conformation? Wouldn't there be a lot if cross reactivity if it binds just based on sequence (since you could have the same sequence in many proteins, having the same conformation is much less likely)?