Neurons form complicated networks in brains, but their connections can't be random (at least not entirely). Brains function similarly among all members of individual species, and that functionality is largely dependent on neuron organization. Furthermore, various brain regions have predictable functions, and there are even parts of the brain where specific cells carry out specialized functions (place cells are an interesting example).
Great! We know neurons can organize into very complex networks, but how? They need to find each other, somehow.
The best I can guess is that either:
- Neurons find other target neurons with specific chemical signals.
- Neurons don't "find" each other, exactly, but grow in predetermined shapes from from set locations. In this case, the connections would simply be due to neurons bumping into each other as they grow in their predetermined paths.
- Or both.
In the first case, there would be a mechanism for searching each other out. In the second, there would be a mechanism for staying in one spot (and growing from there). What are the names of said mechanisms? How do I find out more about them?