Considering the bees as the family Apidae which families of flowering plants are definitely not pollinated by them and what could be the reasons?

-Could you say that the relationship is preserved at the family level?

(Please suppose that both groups live in the same geographic context)


closed as off-topic by anongoodnurse, rg255, kmm, Chris Jul 24 '16 at 6:49

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  • 3
    $\begingroup$ This is an interesting question, but it also sounds like a homework question (and a good one). What research have you done to try to answer it? Can you give us a few examples of why plants might not rely on bees for pollination? $\endgroup$ – anongoodnurse Jul 22 '16 at 20:22
  • $\begingroup$ Not a homework question. Actually is part of my PhD research. I'm looking for putative ecological relations on taxonomic groups that co-occurre in the same place and nearby regions (less than 10km distance). I looked for the families of flowering plants that are always present every time a member of the family Apidae has been found. $\endgroup$ – Juan Jul 22 '16 at 20:47
  • $\begingroup$ The result is a long list of many families. I was wondering if there there is a family that it is very known that is not pollinated by bees (Apidae). That's why I did that question. $\endgroup$ – Juan Jul 22 '16 at 20:48
  • $\begingroup$ This is the list: $\endgroup$ – Juan Jul 22 '16 at 20:50
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    $\begingroup$ Sorry! I think I should reformulate my question.. :( $\endgroup$ – Juan Jul 22 '16 at 20:51

Flowering plants evolved before bees, so clearly in the ~100 million years, they must have been pollinated by other methods. Some plants still retain this ancestral characteristic.

This paper shows a species Magnolia tamaulipana (Magnoliaceae) which is pollinated by beetles.

  • $\begingroup$ Thank you for your answer and the source! But, in this case, could you call the feature: "Not pollinated by apids (Apidae)" is an ancestral characteristic? $\endgroup$ – Juan Jul 24 '16 at 14:39

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