# How much energy is in a human brain's electromagnetic activity?

Lately there has been an increased interest on worldbuilding.se about a realistic depiction of fictional creatures who would feed off thoughts and dreams, with some answers proposing feeding off the electromagnetic emissions of the brain.

As a first guess I would think the energy in those emissions is very small. However, has there been any study to give an approximate amount? Most information a quick search provides stems from sensationalist articles which don't look too trustworthy.

The brain does use up almost 20% of the whole body's energy balance, but I would guess most of it is turned into heat.

If one could extract useful work out of the electromagnetic field generated by an average human brain with 100% efficiency, without any physical intrusion (so, the energy potentially available outside of our head), how much would it approximately be? An order of magnitude approximation would be enough.

## 1 Answer

EEGs pick up about 0.5 to 100 µV on the scalp and about and about 1-2 mV when measured on the surface of the brain, it's about 100 times lower than ECG (heart) signals.

Brain waves have been categorized into four basic groups

• beta (>13 Hz),
• alpha (8-13 Hz),
• theta (4-8 Hz),
• delta (0.5-4 Hz).

Votage times current = power. In this case, the amount of current would be/is hypothetical as it would be based on a "salt water" bridge; neurons contain Na+, K+, Ca++, and Cl- ions which are the basis of the current.

EEG measurements must be amplified simply to be seen. An amplifier has to provide a gain of 100 - 100,000 in order to move a delicate needle (and draw the EEG). So, using the amplifier gain as a indication of the amount of current, let's suppose you need as much force to move a pen back and forth as would be required to accelerate a feather one inch in one second.

A feather weighs 0.0082 grams and an inch is 2.54cm. That's about 2 newtons or 2 watts. So, since the current from the brain is amplified 100 - 10,000 times then the wattage picted up by an EEG would be between 0.2 to 20 milliwatts. Supposing that an EEG was only 1% efficient at absorbing the power, then the wattage could be on the order of 20 milliwatts and 2 watts. Altogether brain power might possibly enough to accelerate a feather one inch per second... at around 100% harvesting efficiency.