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I have whole genome aligned sequences of four beetle populations of same species. I wish to construct a phylogenetic tree with the four. However, I am unable to find a suitable outgroup of the species, so I cannot use an outgroup to root the tree. Is there a particular method that one can use to construct a tree without an outgroup? I found that the MEGA software does this well. What is the theory and understanding of constructing a tree without an outgroup? what are the implications of constructing a tree without an outgroup? Ar the distances between trees measured relative to one another?