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Known as the skeleton flower, its flowers turn transparent in rain. How does it do so? How can it gain transparency in rain when water is already present in flower? Or is it because other components present in the rain? Also is there any advantage of this for the plant? I research using Google, but I couldn't find an answer.

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I have to hypthesise here:

the white colour you perceive is most likely near-to-full diffusion (or possibly better phrased: reflection with effectively undirected refraction due to multiple reflections) of light by structures on the surface of the petals and/or air space encapsulated in the petals. (This is true for most white flowers, by the way.)

Water fills the structures and/or the air space, which changes the refractive index of the petal surface.

In other words: the flower becomes like water, because the air is driven out.

Edit: seems I was right. SE asked me to add links to my answer, so I asked GoogleScholar about D. grayi and found this: "The inner part of the petal comprises numerous lacunae and intercellular spaces that are filled with air." (source: Yong et al. (2015). Bioinspired transparent underwater superoleophobic and anti-oil surfaces. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 3(18), 9379-9384.)

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  • $\begingroup$ Could you find whether it is an adaptation or not? $\endgroup$ – user38945 Feb 7 '19 at 17:34
  • $\begingroup$ I don't think there's data to support that hypthesis, but then, there's also no data to reject it. (Seriously, though: I can't see why this would be an adaption. Maybe it has an obscure evolutionary advantage, but IDK which that would be. Maybe it just isn't an evolutionary disadvantage. Ecologists, to the research!) $\endgroup$ – George William Russel's pen Feb 8 '19 at 15:49

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