Male red deer (Cervus elaphus) and Male Fallow deer (Dama dama) have a descended larynx, presumably for size exaggeration - to attract mates and intimidate other animals.
Does this descent occur after sexual maturation?
Do females of these species also have descended larynx?
In males, does this occur twice - just as it does with human males?
Do deer use size exaggeration to intimidate other animals, other male deer only or both?
Lastly, are there other typical behaviors associated with size exaggeration (i.e. standing on back legs)?
Thank you in advance. I attempted to search for these online but so far have not found any answers. Of course, any cite-able literature containing the answers would be ideal.