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Please see pictures below.

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enter image description here

I never saw anything like this. Do the roots of the fig tree penetrate the trunk of the palm tree? Is there a symbiotic relationship between the two?

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    $\begingroup$ I won't write an answer because I couldn't identify the small plant (whom you are telling as 'fig') so couldn't search its behaviors. However such association is called epiphytic relation. Epiphytes usually could be of various grades between commensal (such as many orchids) to parasite(such as Cuscuta) Also at the crevices on tree-trunk, soil and rotten organic matters accumulate where non-epiphytic plants sometimes grow if somehow a seed reaches there.Some figs like Ficus benghalensis and F. religiosa common example, of that incidence and may cover up and kill the host plant. $\endgroup$
    – user25568
    Commented Jul 29, 2017 at 15:29
  • $\begingroup$ Ok, so first of all, that is a fig - more specifically, it's Ficus carica, which is commonly grown for its sweet fruit. Secondly, the palm is most likely Phoenix canariensis, a palm which tends to accumulate a thick layer of dead and decaying leaf bases around its trunk, which then can break down enough that plant seeds can grow in them. The town where I live has several of these palms growing in the main street, and at least two have plants growing up in their old leaf bases like that. $\endgroup$ Commented May 10 at 12:05
  • $\begingroup$ how t ofruit seed get most places, hint it's poop. animals poop in many places. $\endgroup$
    – John
    Commented May 11 at 19:17

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