This topic is confusing me.

As I understand it, in the PS2, photons are used to split water into molecular oxygen + protons and electrons in the oxygen-evolving complex. To do this, a photon is used to excite an electron in the P680, this electron is then released to go through the electron transport chain and somehow the oxygen-evolving complex gets energy from it to make water endure a "photochemical reaction" as described in my biology book.

But how the electron can transfer its energy to the oxygen-evolving complex if it went directly to the electron transport chain? how the energy produced in the P680 transported to the Oxygen-evolving complex?

I would appreciate simple terms as I'm still a college student.


You have to think the other way around: don't pay attention to where the electron from P680 is going.

Instead of that, pay attention to this fact: after PSII absorbs a photon and triggers the loss of an electron from a P680 chlorophyll a molecule, this P680 has now an electron deficit. That is, this P680 has lost one electron.

This P680 without one electron is now called P680+. And here comes the important information, which answers your question: According to Lodish (2002),

P680+, the photochemically oxidized reaction-center chlorophyll of PSII, is the strongest biological oxidant known. (emphasis mine)

And that explains what (thermodynamically) drives O2-evolving complex (still according to Lodish, 2002):

The reduction potential of P680+ is more positive than that of water, and thus it can oxidize water to give O2 and H+ ions. (emphasis mine)

I hope those terms are simple enough for you. Finally, for better understanding all this, have a look at the concept of reduction potential (which, as a college student, I believe you have to study).



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