My question is contextualised for basic phylogeny knowledge. Here is my understanding: similar or identical traits between any two species, at the basic level, can be either homologous, meaning the trait is developed from a common ancestor, or homoplastic, meaning that the trait was independently developed.
Homologous traits can be either ancestral or derived, and derived traits are a subset of ancestral traits as derived traits need to be from the most recent common ancestor.
Homoplastic traits can be analogous, meaning they developed independently without any common ancestor or commmon initial trait, or can be traits that arose due to convergence, where species with the same (distance/close) ancestor independently developed the traits.
Please evaluate whether my understanding is correct.