A recent documentary (skip to 58:20) discusses the possibility that hibernation, if it could be induced in extrasolar astronauts, would reduce damage from cosmic radiation. The obvious reason this could happen is the shielding of hibernation chambers, but the documentary reviews evidence that even hibernation in the wild (e.g. bears) reduces radiation damage due to a slowed metabolism.
I would assume the connection is that reduced need for enzyme synthesis keeps DNA coiled up most of the time so its nucleotides are less exposed to radiation, but even if this is true it raises the question of how coiling shields radiation. (For example, is it less able to penetrate histones or the phosphorylated deoxyribose backbone?) Adding to my confusion, the documentary claims the mechanism is rooted in hydrogen sulphide, but doesn't explain either why this is more concentrated in the cells of hibernating animals nor how it reduces mutations.