Famous experiments roughly chronological:
1400's they gave elephants wine in the tower of london and belived in 4 elements and blood letting.
Human and animal dissections
Observation of oxygen generated by plants in light
Observation of red blood cells and micro-organisms
First notions of the Cells, cell theory
First microscopes at the same time as first telescopes
Major experimental biology for inheritance of flower colors by Mendel
Advanced medecine and use of electricity on corpses
Theory of evolution using many specimens and case studies
Methodical ecology treaties and reports for many animals by Fabre
Methodical reports of ocean fossils and sea life, fossil biology
First scientific reports of antisceptics
Measures of plant O2 production as a function of light color and temperature
Discovery of vaccines
Discovery of penicillin and antibiotics
Synthesis and measure of soil chemistry
First precise measurements of pH
Discovery of cell nucleus
Discovery of virii
Discovery of DNA
First electron microscopes
Beginning of centrifuge, spectroscopy,
Consider the diversity of animal species and cosmic bodies.
In cosmology you have 10-15 Clades of cosmic bodies, 50 of fundamental particles, 4 forces. There are only 100 common elements.
In biology, 80,000,000 species, 1,000,000 Clades of animals/plants/funghi, 100,000,000 different Enzymes and Proteins which are all invisible, and that beat supercomputers since 2003, 1000,000,000 different organic chemicals.
Microbiology flourished in tandem with Astronomy with the development of dutch lenses used for navigation. Cell theory is a biological equivalent to cosmology.
Biology has 3.9 billion years of cumulative encoding and additive development, as in that every being is like an SHA64 algorythm, that cumulative complexity is arranged into a tree.
Physics doesn't have friends and foes, cumulative memory, encryption, computation ability, 1 billion chemicals, cell walls and cells, number of legs, appendages, reproduduction, division, child rearing, it's a completely different recipe.
Physics is simpler. It's the same as being stuck inside one single protein, where the edge of the protein is the cosmological boundary, and being able to gather masses of data about the contents of that boundary and the nature of the physical universe. The maths formula to represent every protein is probably as big as the universe, there's no size and time boundary in either, except that we are seeing inwards that complexity.
biology is reined by chaos, so the maths of it has many billion degrees, you are talking about an equation with a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j,k, etc with billions of variables, and the maths formulas are billions of lines long. how are biologists supposed to deal with that?
Physicists are stunned by schrodinger's cat, probability issue.
What is the probablity of predicting where an animal will be on the same time on 2 different days? If you can write equations for that, then physics and biology will be the same. Biologists are not even going to try to write an equation for that kind of thing! they just have to use statistics all the time.
The maths of Biology are the biggest chaos system that man has ever peered into.
They are so incredibly confusing and unfathomable.
Try to write some equations in biology to predict movements of elements. you can't equate a bird like a photon, they are more chaotic and complex.
Biology has trees. Where do trees exist in physics? The biology tree has 80 million known branches.