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Social animals can live in groups whose numbers vary greatly according to species (for instance wolves vs deer herds vs buffalo stampedes vs lemmings).

Is this number regulated only by environmental factors (resource abundance, position in the food web etc) or is there a genetic upper bound to this number which prevents overcrowding? Put in other words, would a species with endless food resources (but finite space) grow endlessly?

If the genetic regulation is common, then why humans don't seem to be subject to it?

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  • $\begingroup$ What is the relationship between your title and the content of your post? Can you please try to make this clear? $\endgroup$ – Remi.b Feb 21 '18 at 20:45
  • $\begingroup$ Also, generally speaking, avoid saying "I heard" or "I've read" but always try to cite a source for your claims ("according to www.canislupus.com/groupSize, ...") $\endgroup$ – Remi.b Feb 21 '18 at 20:46
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    $\begingroup$ Don't worry, you don't have to be sorry for your english or for not asking perfect questions. It takes time to learn a language and to learn the details of the working of the SE websites. $\endgroup$ – Remi.b Feb 21 '18 at 21:12
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    $\begingroup$ @LinuxBlanket Wow, there is quite a stretch between the original question and your rephrasing. Apparently the OP is happy with your rephrasing so good job! $\endgroup$ – Remi.b Feb 22 '18 at 19:46
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    $\begingroup$ You know the main idea was actually this, but not much people understands me even in my language. I just tried to say example, but obviously it was not the right way. But this is exactly how my question would sound in my mother language. Anyway guys i am glad u gave me this lesson and hope i ll get answer. $\endgroup$ – L.Dodo Feb 22 '18 at 20:05
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this depends on what you mean by group.

If you mean population then it is mostly environmental factors, although part of the environment can be other member of your species, some groups have a minimum functional size, such as passenger pigeons and breeding in groups behavior, or have density controls(if you are too spread out you might never run into another member of your species to breed with) , these internal factors are fairly rare however compared to basic resources availability, things like food, water, territory, shelter, nutrients, ect.

If you mean size of individual packs, herds, ect, then it is a mix of both, behavior which is almost always genetic is the main cause. However this behavior can be alter or triggered by environmental factors and its ultimate evolution is strongly affected by those factors as well. for instance large herd behavior will never evolve if the environment cannot support it, and if the environment changes the behavior may stop being beneficial.

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