Is DNA helicase or RNA polymerase responsible for breaking the hydrogen bond between the 2 strands during transcription for eukaryotic cells? My textbook (WJEC Biology for AS level) says it is DNA helicase that breaks the hydrogen bonds while RNA polymerase catalyses the formation of bonds between RNA nucleotides.
The enzyme DNA helicase breaks the hydrogen bonds between the bases in a specific region of the DNA molecule. This causes the two strands to separate and unwind, exposing nucleotide bases. The enzyme RNA polymerase binds to the template strand of DNA at the beginning of the sequence to be copied.
However, when I searched online, for example on https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Effect_of_hydrogen_bond_on_RNA
Transcription can be explained easily in 4 or 5 simple steps, each moving like a wave along the DNA. RNA polymerase unwinds/"unzips" the DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds between complementary nucleotides. RNA nucleotides are paired with complementary DNA bases. RNA sugar-phosphate backbone forms with assistance from RNA polymerase.
Then do RNA polymerase break hydrogen bonds? If RNA polymerase can break hydrogen bonds between strands then what is the role of DNA helicase in the transcription process?