I'm working on a project about detecting SNP association with a disease. As I understand, SNP is a single variation of the nucleotide that occurs for more than 1% of the population. However, I couldn't connect this idea with the dataset in hand. The rows in my dataset represent each patient and the columns contain SNP information. For example:
ID exm355 exm615
1 T_T A_C
2 T_T C_C
3 A_T C_C
I have no idea why the SNP columns contain 2 nucleotides(T_T, A_T, A_C, C_C). As the definition of SNP, I thought it should show only the variant nucleotide or am I misunderstanding anything? How could I interpret T_T or C_C and how could I know which nucleotide is the variation from the common ones in the population?