Question: Netflix has recently produced a two-part miniseries, The Evolution of US, that examines the evolution of "man". The topic of of human skin colour was covered and it was stated that 'lighter skin pigmentation was a preferred natural selection for early humans living in the "northern" regions'. The idea being that lighter skin could "absorb" sun-rays; which apparently is necessary for activating vitamin-D. Is this a true statement ? And where might I find good sources of literature to read on this topic ?
Now this particular series does not define "northern" and to be fair neither was the term "lighter skin" . My motivation in asking the question is driven by my own travels in far eastern Russia, Mongolia, Alaska, and parts of Peru and Ecuador. In each of those locations I observed numerous groups of indigenous people with dark brown skin and pitch black straight hair; which seems to contradict the statement in the series.