I was trying to understand DNA transcription from this chapter, and there seems to be no explanation on how exactly the proteins, enzymes and other molecules manage to find each other inside the cell. How do they get attracted to each other in order to start reactions or transcriptions?
Same way, when the body secretes a Follicle Stimulating Hormone, how does it reach the follicle instead of losing its way in the bloodstream and ending up in a woman's feet or getting excreted out of the body? In minute 20 of this video, the person speaks of how medicines are first "sent" to the liver, but this MIT article says that medicines go all over the body.
At least for a wound it's an understandable process. An artery of vein is severed and any blood that was supposed to flow through it now can't, so there's an accumulation of white blood cells and antibodies there which can disable any intruders (though I'm sure they wouldn't be able to see an intruder and move toward it, but rather just probabilistically bump onto the intruder), and if the intruder enters the bloodstream it would probabilistically bump into other WBC's or antibodies and get killed. Else there's always fever to kill them.
I went through the information about cell signalling, signal transduction and allosteric regulation, but although they speak about receptors, they don't explain how the chemicals manage to find those receptors. It's like saying that I entered a huge college campus and found the secret place where my friends were meeting and they receive me when I met them, but there's no explanation on how I knew which way to travel in that huge campus to reach my friends. Given how accurately DNA transcription happens and how viruses know to shed their shell on entering a cell and make use of the cell's transcription mechanism, I believe there has to be a specific process through which these molecules "know" how to find these receptors. Is there any research that could throw light on it?