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Long story short: women are from Venus and men are from Mars. But how much of the differences arose from evolution and how much of it comes from Venusian and Martian cultural differences?

Jokes aside, I'm looking for an overview of which social-behavioural differences science has already pinpointed to be rooted in evolution.

update: this article is a great starting point

This question also pertains to psychology, therefore I also asked a related question there.

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    $\begingroup$ There are many behavioral differences which are hypothesized to have an evolutionary basis, and which many evolutionary psychologists believe are strongly supported by the evidence. But you have a wrong view of science. There will never be a time when something is "proven," it can only be that more and more people accept something on the basis of compelling evidence. No matter how much evidence there is, a sociologist can always say that they aren't convinced. $\endgroup$ – Eff Jan 31 at 8:23
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    $\begingroup$ In addition to that it's well possible that a given difference both has a evolutionary basis/root (however tiny it may be) and was expanded into a larger social construct. $\endgroup$ – Nicolai Jan 31 at 10:51
  • $\begingroup$ @Nicolai Or be shrinked by social influence. In other words, it is possible for a sex difference to exist in spite (not because) of social influence. Personally, I think that this is probably quite common. $\endgroup$ – Eff Jan 31 at 13:48
  • $\begingroup$ This overview paper should help you, it is a review of known differences. wps.prenhall.com/wps/media/objects/12330/12626747/… $\endgroup$ – John Jan 31 at 15:04
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    $\begingroup$ I'm not sure where you got the idea that you can conclude something is not socially constructed because it has "an evolutionary basis". Social constructs and changes in allele frequencies are not mutually exclusive, nor is one less real than the other. $\endgroup$ – De Novo Jan 31 at 15:35

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