I've been working a little with M. G. Bulmer's Principles of Statistics (Dover, 1979) and cannot see how to properly compute half of one question. This should be a basic probability computation, but I am not getting the same answer as the book's suggestion.
Here is the question (Chapter 2, Problem 2.4): If the three genotypes (i.e., AA, Aa, aa) are all distinguishable, find the probabilities that a) a pair of siblings and b) a pair of unrelated individuals will appear the same when p=q=.5.
The book offers .59 for a) and .38 for b). I can get b correctly, but I don't understand how to properly compute part a).
This does not seem like a complicated exercise!