The recent paper in Cell Marine DNA Viral Macro- and Microdiversity from Pole to Pole describes the (huge) new Global Ocean Viromes 2.0 (GOV 2.0) dataset.
In the Results and Discussion section, the subsection Validating Viral “Population” Boundaries begins with the paragraph:
Defining species is controversial for eukaryotes and prokaryotes (Kunz, 2013, Cohan, 2002, Fraser et al., 2009) and even more so for viruses (Bobay and Ochman, 2018), largely because of the paradigm of rampant mosaicism stemming from rapidly evolving ssDNA and RNA viruses, whose evolutionary rates are much higher than dsDNA viruses (for review, see Duffy et al., 2008). The biological species concept, often referred to as the gold standard for defining species, defines species as interbreeding individuals that remain reproductively isolated from other such groups. To adapt this to prokaryotes and viruses, studies have explored patterns of gene flow to determine whether they might maintain discrete lineages as reproductive isolation does in eukaryotes. Indeed, gene flow and selection define clear boundaries between groups of bacteria, archaea, and viruses, although the required scale of data are only available for cyanophages and mycophages among viruses (Shapiro et al., 2012, Cadillo-Quiroz et al., 2012, Gregory et al., 2016, Bobay and Ochman, 2018).
I know what "rampant" means in the colloquial sense, and the colloquial form of "paradigm" is familliar as well. Mosaicism usually relates to genetic differences between groups of cells within an individual multicellular organism. I am not sure how it applies to virus populations.
Is it possible to explain the meaning of "paradigm of rampant mosaicism" in this particular context, and give it some background?