I am trying to understand why listening to loud music - e.g. concerts or earphones at high volume damages hearing.
According to the National Institute on Deafness the cause is physical.
Most NIHL is caused by the damage and eventual death of these hair cells. Unlike bird and amphibian hair cells, human hair cells don’t grow back. They are gone for good.
But I don't understand why/how would noise - which should basically lead to higher amplitude waves in the basilar membrane, induce damage and death of these hair cells?