I often hear Japan has a declining/ageing population. It seems to be the prime example for this kind of thought. Yet after moving to Japan and after having been there for travel several times already. And in comparison with my native country Germany as well as Europe in general, I think this concept seems questionable. While I hardly see any children outside in Germany and it's mainly parents with one child. Everywhere I go in Japan I meet a lot of children. Especially in the greater Tokyo area, if I go to restaurants there's always a bunch of kids. And usually you see at least two children per parents, if not three. I can understand that in general this concept might be true but might not be applicable for bigger cities.
Where does the concept come from? Is there any proof it's actually true?