There are millions of possible antigens. To respond to each antigen, the immune system must quickly produce an antibody by modifying the DNA of a B cell.
I have no idea how this process works, but surely it can't be by trial and error.
So I thought how I would do it:
The part of the pathogens DNA that codes for receptors is copied
then an algorithm is applied that transforms this code into an antibody code.
This code is then pasted into the DNA of the B cell. So the B cell has antibody receptors that fit on the antigen.
But how does it work in reality?