"AllorNothing Principle. Once an action potential has been elicited at any point on the membrane of a normal fiber, the depolarization process travels over the entire membrane if conditions are right, but it does not travel at all if conditions are not right. This principle is called the all-or-nothing principle, and it applies to all normal excit- able tissues.
Occasionally, the action potential reaches a point on the membrane at which it does not generate sufficient voltage to stimulate the next area of the mem- brane. When this situation occurs, the spread of depolar- ization stops. Therefore, for continued propagation of an impulse to occur, the ratio of action potential to threshold for excitation must at all times be greater than 1. This “greater than 1” requirement is called the safety factor for propagation."
This might be a more basic, straightforward question but for some reason, there's not much info on it on the web.
I'm guessing its called the 'safety factor' because it means that not any stimulus can cause an action potential and that the cells remain at equilibrium/their un disturbed state for most of the time, but this is only a guess.
Source of Info: Guyton & Hall Medical Physiology textbook