There are countless sources, both peer-reviewed and popular, explaining how overuse and misuse of antibiotics is breeding a new generation of antibiotic-resistant "superbugs" such as MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) and MDR-TB (multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis). Over in the animal kingdom, the opposite seems to be happening - species after species is becoming endangered and/or extinct as humans destroy or alter their habitat through increased hunting, farming, construction, etc.
Are there any non-human animals that have been found to have evolved resistance to human encroachment into or alteration of their habitat in a way analogous to how bacteria have evolved resistance to human attempts to get rid of them? For example, this could consist of:
- an animal that has adapted stronger bones to better survive collisions with vehicles
- an animal that has significantly increased its blood coagulation rate to survive gunshot wounds from hunters
- an animal that has developed better vision to see in urban environments
- an animal that has evolved a skin pigment change that enables them to not take as much damage when they are sprayed with agricultural pesticides
One answer that came to mind is domestic animals - the horse and dog in prehistory, the cat in ancient Egypt, etc. That seems too obvious on one hand, and on the other hand may not really be an answer, as there seems to be no indication that pre-domestic animals were endangered by humans in any meaningful way. Are there animals that have significantly adapted themselves to surviving as wild animals in human-influenced environments?