Hope this question is OK for this site, couldn't see where else to ask it.
We've spent a few days out in the countryside recently, and have been very surprised at how many species appear to have very young offspring so late in the season. I was always under the impression that the vast majority of animals and fish produced young in the spring (March/April).
For example, we saw tadpoles, fluffy (ie obviously very young) coots and weeny minnows. I would have expected that all of these would have been born/laid a good 3 or 4 months ago, and so would be more mature by now.
Caveat: We didn't do a scientific study, this is just a strong impression we got from days out in north west England.