As a base for my question, here is a link to an article from nature.com: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00502-w
In the article, the following paragraph is relevant:
The researchers noticed that male participants’ typical immune response to infection differed from that of female participants, which could explain the more severe disease often observed in men. (Nature recognizes that sex and gender are neither binary nor fixed.)
Obviously the researchers, studying immune response difference between sexes, made two categories: Male and Female.
Then the Nature article, trying to fit with the times wrote that they recognize that sex and genders are not binary, and if they really believed it themselves, they'd probably not publish research as it would be based on a model they say they don't believe in.
My question is: are there known examples where research has been openly discredited (in a publication, or through a public speech on the media) because it is based on the binary definition of sexes and therefore 'not inclusive'?
(for reference I believe Humans are XX or XY and that's it, so this may bias the question / terms I used)