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The jackal is a wild dog species in Africa that feeds on carrion, much like the hyena.

Pop science, as it were, would make us believe every dog species emerged as a result of human domestication. Was that the case for every dog species? Or might some have evolved independently?

Another way to phrase this would be: Do wild dog species have a completely wild heritage, or did they branch off of some previously domesticated line?

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  • $\begingroup$ Welcome to Biology.SE! Please take the tour and then go through the help pages starting with How to Ask questions effectively on this site and edit your question accordingly. In particular, this is a site for biology questions and your references to Egyptian mythology seem irrelevant (I will delete these). ——— We also expect you to do some research on your own and then, informed by what you have learned, ask any questions you still have (ideally with references to reliable sources). The wikipedia article on jackals is one place you could start. Thanks! 😊 $\endgroup$ – tyersome Sep 21 at 18:26
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This answer is just for African golden jackal evolution, but this website (sciencemag.org) explains that...

“...researchers compared genomewide DNA samples from jackals, gray wolves, and dogs. They found that African golden jackals diverged from coyotes and gray wolves some 1.3 million years ago...”.

Also, this Wikipedia article about Canis arnensis (the Arno river dog) (I know that Wikipedia is unreliable but it had related helpful information) explains that...

“The Arno River dog has been described as a small jackal-like dog. Its anatomy and morphology relate it more to the modern golden jackal (Canis aureus) than to the larger Etruscan wolf of that time. It is probably the ancestor of modern jackals.”

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  • $\begingroup$ Interesting, "wild dog" seems to be a misnomer then. It's more of a wolf species. Thanks for the input. $\endgroup$ – amorimluc Sep 21 at 22:11

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