I have been a beekeeper for a number of years and originally obtained my first colonies from a guy in my neighbourhood. However, when I sell bees to someone else, they typically ask what species of the European/Western honeybee (Apis mellifera) I have/they're buying. Technically, they're after the subspecies or breed (like Italian, Carniolan, Buckfast, ...), but I don't know what to tell them. I just call them local (or locally-adapted) bees.
Is there a way that one can find out the subspecies/breed I currently have? Perhaps through DNA analysis/sequencing or some other kind of scientific analysis? Regardless, is such subspecies identification available/accessible to the hobby beekeeper (should read as being relatively inexpensive)?
Images like the following are circulated to estimate one's breed:
However, traits are hardly a definitive assessment of a breed, especially if you consider how close some of the breeds are listed above. For example, what's the difference in a trait ranked 5 and 6, say.