The definition of the glycemic index is often given as the area under curve (AUC) of their two-hour blood sugar response. However, it's essentially meant to be a measure of whether food causes a fast or slow rise in blood sugar level. Why is the two-hour AUC a good measure of the speed of the rise?
When ingesting the "same" amount of sugar, no matter the form, the AUC should be the same, right? The only explanation I can find is that the two-hour cutoff means some carbohydrates are metabolized beyond that cutoff, so their AUC and hence their GI is lower, is that what's happening?
The reason I'm a bit confused is that all of the images of blood sugar curves illustrating low & high GI seem to show two curves with the same AUC, both going to 0 before the two-hour cutoff.