It is generally-accepted that headaches are a common side effect from receiving the COVID vaccine.
Vaccine recipients with pre-existing immunity experience systemic side effects with a significantly higher frequency than antibody naïve vaccines (e.g., fatigue, headache, chills, fever, muscle or join pains, in order of decreasing frequency, P < 0.001 for all listed symptoms, Fisher’s exact test, two-sided).
— Florian Krammer et al.: "Robust spike antibody responses and increased reactogenicity in seropositive individuals after a single dose of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine" doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.01.29.21250653
I am trying to understand why. What theories or known biological, immunological or otherwise physiological mechanisms would cause recipients of the vaccine to report headaches as a common side effect?