Questions tagged [anatomy]

The study of the structure of organisms and their parts.

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1answer
21 views

How fast does eyelid close when eyelash is triggered?

What is the reaction of blinking like when an unexpected piece of wood or something hits an eyelash and then an eyeball? A piece of stone flew into my eyeball when we knocked a wall down, and it hit ...
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37 views

Which of the following occurs after activation of the autonomic nervous system?

This was one of the questions on a test I was studying from. The question was: Which of the following occurs after activation of the autonomic nervous system? The answer choices were: a) pupils ...
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Aren't tortoise bones fused with the shell? How did this tortoise (in the post) survive without it?

I've just read this story about a tortoise that lost a good portion of its shell in a forest fire here in Brazil and got a 3D-printed prostheses. Here's the picture of it: The way it looks like, it ...
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37 views

Why is it possible to render fat if it's in cells?

To the casual onlooker, fat seems like a mass of yellow-white material, composed of lipids. Biologically speaking however, rather than being a large mass, it's actually divided among countless cells, ...
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1answer
26 views

Is the central sulcus the boundary between basal and alar derivatives?

The dorsal part of the nervous system typically gives rise to sensory structures, and the ventral part gives rise to motor structures. Because the central sulcus marks such a functional boundary, I ...
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1answer
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Are there regularly spaced connections between caudate nucleus and putamen?

There are a number of images on the Web, most beautifully Visible Body's artwork, which show the caudate nucleus and putamen linked by regularly spaced connections across the barrier of the internal ...
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37 views

How does the Megalodon create so much bite force?

The Megalodon is an apex predator and has a highest bite force of 40,000 psi. I found it difficult to understand how it can bite with so much force that it shatters rocks and metals. How is it's skull ...
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Is there a difference in flying technique or anatomy between birds and bats which means bats don't need a large sternum?

I know that birds have a large sternum in order to anchor the wing muscles. Bats also have wings, but don't have the same large sternum. Is there a difference in either flying technique or anatomy ...
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1answer
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What is this insect wing, based on its vein pattern?

I've heard that it's possible to identify insect species uniquely based only on the vein patterns of their wings. Is this true? If so, what is this? The image is taken from an unsolved Internet ...
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8answers
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Do "shooting" animals exist?

The well-known cartoon imagery of porcupines shooting their quills at opponents in a fight is just that: a silly cartoon concept that isn't real. But it makes me wonder, does that mechanism exist ...
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Is it true that oxygen levels in water limits fish size?

This answer says that breathing water is inefficient, and that may act as a limiter to the size of fish. I've heard this in a couple of other places as well, but cannot recall the sources. However, ...
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1answer
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why dead mouse doesn't bleed when we cut their skin?

When we are pricked by a needle, we bleed nevertheless it's so small wound. But when we do mouse anatomy, it doesn't bleed even if we cut their whole abdominal skin. Other student asked about that, ...
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2answers
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Do the nasal cilia move the particles trapped in the mucus out of the nose or down the throat? [closed]

Do the nasal cilia move the particles trapped in the mucus out of the nose or down the throat? What is the direction of the pulse of the cilia? Is this changeable?
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1answer
39 views

Infant tissues, organs, body parts or reflexes in an adult organism

What is the phenomenon, when a normal useful tissue, organ, body part or an inborn reflex or instinct existed in the infant organism and normally should disappear or at least completely lose its ...
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120 views

Do all tendons have either a synovial sheath (a.k.a. true sheath) or a paratenon (a.k.a. false sheath)?

I have read the following {1}: According to their envelope, tendons can be divided into tendons within a synovial sheath (i.e., sheathed tendons) and paratenon-covered tendons. This means that all ...
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34 views

The position of the macula in comparison to the blind spot

Which is located in a higher postion? Macula or blind spot?
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1answer
60 views

Animal species anatomy [closed]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal Do all animal species have two lungs and two kidneys similar to human beings?
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98 views

Can a hinge joint technically allow rotatory motion?

Let's use a hinge joint and pivot joint as examples. When talking about the difference between them in terms of movements permitted, I see that on any websites and textbooks, the term 'rotation' is ...
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69 views

Is there any ethnicity difference in average pupil size?

I have seen some articles claim African Americans have smaller average pupils than whites while Asians have larger pupils. Is it true? link: Y. Li, D. Huang; Pupil Size and Iris Thickness Difference ...
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How do myosins cause myofibrils to be shortened?

I know that it is the binding and tilting of myosins on actins that cause the sarcomere to be shortened. But I am a little bit confused about the details. The structure of a sarcomere is made of ...
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1answer
138 views

Why exactly are the reflections of sunlight in this dragonfly's eye hexagonal?

I photographed a rather cooperative, large dragonfly today and after getting back to my desk and looking closer at the images I realized that the reflection of the Sun in its eyes produced large ...
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1answer
40 views

View and plane/section of neural tube

I have a question regarding the following image: In my book, it states that this is a dorsal view which shows the formation of the neural tube. However, isn't this a caudal view of a transverse ...
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1answer
42 views

Why do dragonflies have these special little spots on their wings?

The wings of several kinds of dragonflies I've seen here in Taiwan all have an apparently special little pigmented spot near the ends of each wing. Does this spot have a name and a function? below x2: ...
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1answer
68 views

What exactly is "lateral septum"?

I came across the phrase lateral septum and I can't seem to find the precise definition online. Is it "the areas roughly to the right and the left of the septum pellucidum"? Or is it the ...
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2answers
101 views

What's the difference between the terms "muscle" and "muscle organ"?

Foundational Model of Anatomy distinguishes between Muscle organ and Muscle. What's the difference between the two?
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73 views

Can the shoulder bones grow after the growth plates have fused?

Body builders have broad shoulders. If one start lifting weights after one's growth plates have fused, can one still increase the width of one's shoulders? If yes, does that mean shoulder bones can ...
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In what ways does the number of legs affect an animal's functioning?

After much research, I've only been able to find specific examples of leg-number's impact on locomotion and dexterity (and/or object manipulation). I feel as though there must be other ways it has a ...
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1answer
112 views

What is the function of epiglottis?

The last time I came across this question was when I was in high school. And the explanation I was given is that epiglottis works like a valve, it prevents foods from getting into the windpipe. Still, ...
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1answer
751 views

Is the 6th rib attached to 7th rib, and 7th rib to 8th?

I'm just confused between a lot of pics that draw the thoracic cage in their way. what are these white things that I've shown? or why the 7th rib is attached to the 8th?
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Why do vertebrates have an oesophagus?

As far as I know, the oesophagus in vertebrates has no digestive or absorptive function. It is simply a conduit from the mouth to more distal parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Why have it at all, ...
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1answer
106 views

How can a joint extend or flex?

The idea of a joint flexing or extending doesn't make sense to me, I can see how a leg or an arm might extend or flex but how does a joint extend or flex ? "The hip joint is most stable when it is ...
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16 views

Do endocrine cells always lie adjacent to capillaries?

The circulatory system transports plasma contents to the body via the interstitial circulatory system, reabsorbed with the lymphatic system. Cell metabolism "waste products" are transported into the ...
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1answer
86 views

Why is the thyroid gland in the neck?

The neck seems like an odd place for it. All other neck anatomy must interface between the head and abdomen (trachea, esophagus, circulation, spine etc). Surprisingly I have not been able to find ...
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Origins of the body mechanics theory

In physical therapy and occasionally in sports coaching, there's often a precise description of the mechanics of what happens during the movement (which muscles are engaged, which joint moves where ...
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Can a Chihuahua and a Great Dane breed the "old fashioned way?"

I saw this vid: https://youtu.be/eu2qe-FNtjg And this question crossed my mind. The dog in the video seems to be boxer sized... And I wonder if that strategy would work with something a little ...
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39 views

Is there a conformal transformation that maps the skull of Panthera tigris to the one of Panthera leo?

While visiting the Museum of Natural History in Rouen a few months ago, I was stunned by the similarity between the skulls of Panthera tigris and Panthera Leo: the overall shapes were very similar and ...
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1answer
65 views

What are the upper and lower sets of teeth are called?

I'd like to know the correct term for the a group of teeth in the skull and jax (mandible) Not the specific types of teeth i.e molars, incisors, carnassials, canines etc but what a set of teeth get ...
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1answer
139 views

True anatomical/physiological explanation for "metaphysis" etymology

The anatomy textbook1 I use for my students states that the prefix meta- means "between:" The metaphyses (me-TAF-i-sez; meta = between; singular is metaphysis) are the regions between the diaphysis ...
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2answers
139 views

Evolution of recurrent laryngeal nerve in a giraffe [closed]

Do natural selection and survival of the fittest explain the divergent length of the recurrent laryngeal nerve...centimeters in the human, 15 feet in the giraffe?
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2answers
220 views

What fills the space between the alveoli in the lungs?

Do the lungs just consist of a large tree of alveoli, covered by the pleura, like this picture: Or are they found "inside" the sac that is the lungs? If it's the later, what fills the space ...
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22 views

Why do neutrophils have segmented nuclei?

To clarify, I'm not asking what causes high segmentation in neutrophils. I'm asking how segmented nuclei function in a regular neutrophil cell.
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1answer
45 views

What are the differences between the margins of the lateral and medial condyles of the tibia?

During an osteology lecture about the bones of the leg, the professor mentioned that the posterior (i think it was the posterior at least, I didn't write my notes down very well) margins of the ...
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104 views

What causes the shape of the dense structure in this "giant squid egg" sac?

The YouTube video Swimming Next To Giant Squid Egg shows a giant egg of a squid and/or an egg of a giant squid. Text in the video's description includes the text quoted below, which indicates that the ...
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is there any kind of paw/pads lines or paw muscle anatomy in animal hands?

just like in the title my question is, is there any kind of paw/pads lines or paw muscle anatomy in animal hands? or its pretty much random? example like mammary lines as bilateral structure that ...
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Medical terminology for asymmetrically-shaped paired body parts?

Some people have different sized feet [source], a limb that is slightly longer than the contralateral (on other side of the body) limb [source], or other instances of paired body parts being different ...
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1answer
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Can anyone help me identify the size of a mantis shrimp club?

The mantis shrimp punches with it's club to destroy its prey's shell. I found on the internet that its body size is around 4 inches. What's the size of it's club?
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1answer
322 views

Do male skunks have teats?

Simple question. Do male skunks (striped skunk, eastern US/Canada if it matters) have teats? Occasionally want to identify road-kill, but don't know if teats are diagnostic for females. I believe ...
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1answer
205 views

(How) do horizontal pupils dialate?

I was looking at mongoose eyes in particular, but my understanding is: Circular (human-like) pupils simply get larger/smaller depending on light levels, no change in "shape" Vertical slit (cat-like) ...
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1answer
120 views

Can birds touch their wing tips together either in front or behind (not above and below)? [closed]

Can the tips of a birds wings touch so that it would form a ring if view from above or below? I suspect it might be a bird of prey and at the moment it is picking something up from the ground but I ...
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0answers
242 views

Movement of the Thoracic Cage During Movements of the Thoracic Spine

Just for a bit of context: I am trying to create a 3D digital model of the human skeleton as the first step towards computer generated muscle simulation, and as such I want the skeleton to be as ...

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