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A subdivision of microbiology dedicated to the study of bacteria.

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Why do high temperature bacteria grow faster? [on hold]

I get that organisms have their optimum temperature but why is that the growth peak is higher for thermophiles compared to psychrophiles even at their optimum temperature. On the contrary ...
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37 views

Why doesn’t ethanol produced in respiration kill obligate anaerobes?

I have tried searching for some sort of mechanism whereby these bacteria either pump ethanol out or somehow convert it into a less toxic molecule that won’t denature their proteins but I haven’t been ...
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1answer
30 views

How can i count my E. coli colonies?

I did a test which involved growing e. coli on a petri dish. I did not dilute the sample, and this resulted in growing hundreds of small, overlapping colonies. However, they still can be counted, but ...
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1answer
42 views

Why do we have an immune system?

My daughter asked a question that I could not answer. If you have a cold, you have symptoms such as fever, cold and sore throat. These symptoms, however, are the reactions of the immune system to ...
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1answer
22 views

What happens when the bacteria in the petri dish lack nutrients for long time?

If I put some E.coli in a petri dish filled with limited nutrition in room temperature and forget them for months or years. What will happen in the final after they overgrowth and used all nutrition ...
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15 views

Is there any scenario in which the population is not lost due to the introduction of a virulent pathogen? [closed]

Is there any scenario in which the population is not lost due to the introduction of a virulent pathogen
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23 views

How does having cell wall effects the body design?

I have a line in my textbook: Of course, having or not having a cell wall has very different effects on body design here from having or not having cell wall in multicellular organisms. This is ...
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1answer
23 views

What is the difference between transport proteins and effector proteins in gram-negative bacteria?

When considering pathogenic gram-negative bacteria, is there any difference between the function of transport proteins and effector proteins? Or are they of the same functionality? Any reference ...
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23 views

Can a plastic degrading bacteria project be recreated in a school lab environment?

I am looking for a science fair project and am wondering if this could be a good idea. I am in the 10th grade. I am not exactly sure of the materials needed since this is just the beginning stages of ...
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48 views

Nitrifying bacteriae strains culture

What is the protocole to culture nitrifying bacteriae? How to do it at home or at school (let's suppose it's possible), what would we need?
2
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0answers
41 views

Can a plastic degrading bacteria science fair project be recreated in a school lab?

i am just looking for a science fair project and am fascinated by this topic. i was wondering if a project concerning the isolation of plastic degrading bacteria could be done in a school lab. I am in ...
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3answers
113 views

can a bacterium cell become a cancer?

I don't mean if a bacterium can be the cause of cancer inside a human. But can actually a bacterium changes in the way as normal cells change into tumor cells? So gaining such characteristics of a ...
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1answer
38 views

Psychrotrophic Bacteria

I want to know what gene or protein makes bacteria psychrotrophic, as opposed to regular bacteria that prefers warmer conditions. If you don’t know exactly, and you have suggestions as to where I can ...
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3answers
116 views

A Hadeeth on the fly

I think most biologists here on this site will not consider my question below to be unfit for posting on Biology SE. I came across this article about the hadeeth (a hadeeth is a saying of the ...
2
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0answers
236 views

What is the difference between enrichment media and selective media?

Enrichment media These media are used to suppress commensal bacteria while allowing the pathogen to remain viable and grow. [Source: Ananthnarayan and Paniker's textbook of Microbiology.] ...
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1answer
18 views

Searching a fructose degrading bacteria [closed]

my question is do you know a fructose degrading bacteria? Wich is straitforward to use and cultivate? Wich shouldn't create excrements, that can't be removed simple.
3
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1answer
50 views

How does anaerobic bacteria produce ATP for it's own cellular activities?

Anaerobic bacteria utilise glycolysis: Glucose + 2 P + 2 NAD+ => 2 ATP + 2 H + 2 NADH + 2 H2O + 2 Pyruvate followed by fermentation: Pyruvate + NADH => Lactate + NAD+ The resultant NAD+ formed ...
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0answers
20 views

What causes bacteria to produce a mixture of L-lactic acid and D-lactic acid?

Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)COOH. Lactic acid is chiral, consisting of two optical isomers. One is known as L-(+)-lactic acid or (S)-lactic acid and the other, its ...
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34 views

How do the bacteria producing bacteriocins protect themselves from it?

Whenever there is Col plasmid in a bacteria it will produce bacteriocins which will kill other bacteria around it. Why will the bacteriocin not kill the bacteria which has produced it? How does the ...
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1answer
43 views

Why reaginic antibodies are absent in these types of syphilis?

According to Textbook of Microbiology and Immunology 2e, Subhash Chandra Parija, pg.no; 375 These(reaginic) antibodies do not appear in early primary syphilis, latent acquired syphilis of long ...
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2answers
102 views

How to grow bacteria?

We have this science experiment on how to grow a bacteria, our teacher told us to use gelatin, beef stock, and sugar as an alternative for agar. I am confused on why we need gelatin, beef stock, and ...
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0answers
13 views

Is a lower wavelength UV-C more effective than higher wavelength for sanitization?

Is it more beneficial to use a lower wavelength UV-C bulb? For example, using a 180 nm UV-C bulb instead of 254 nm. I know the 180 nm bulb will produce ozone, which is very useful for filtration of ...
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1answer
27 views

Vibrio vulnificus from liquid soap

At some point between 2002 and 2006 I attended a departmental seminar in the UK on Vibrio infections, and particularly on the (then relatively unheard of) V. vulnificus, which causes necrotizing wound ...
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4answers
70 views

Why aren't all infections immune-system resistant?

It's been less than a century since the widespread use of antibotics started, and already we're seeing bacteria that have evolved immunities to the antibotics we use. On the other hand, we've been ...
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3answers
74 views

Is it possible to prove that a hand sanitizer can kill 100% of a person's germs?

We have a project for Economics, and we need to advertise something that consumers will be willing to buy. My group thought of "improved" hand sanitizer. So, instead of it killing 99.9% germs, we ...
3
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0answers
32 views

Can the human gut work with other type of gut bacteria?

I was wondering if the human body would be capable of functioning with, say, cellulolytic bacteria in their gut (instead of or in addition of their current bacteria), like that of ruminants and if ...
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2answers
97 views

why don't antibiotics reduce our weight?

I know that a significant weight of the human body (in Kgs) is contributed by microbiota. I also know that antibiotics can often be broad spectrum and kill all the bacterias regardless of them being ...
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1answer
38 views

Why is AMR not widespread?

we know that resistant strains (MDR, XDR, PDR) have arisen in single incidents around the globe but why are these bacteria not common and not spreading quickly as humans keep using antibiotics and ...
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1answer
18 views

Technique to test antibiotic resistance in a bacteria in presence of another compound

so I have to 'quantitatively' assess a bacterial strain for its antibiotic resistance property (it is a specific antibiotic) in the presence and absence of another compound alongside antibiotic. What ...
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2answers
54 views

Is it true that it is mostly impossible, for any kind of antibiotic, to succeed in killing off every bacteria in a very rich environment?

It is commonly believed that the resistance to antibiotics by micro-organisms is truly evolution at work, and that the recent surge in superbugs may very well be attributed to it. When we refer to a ...
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0answers
19 views

Is it easier or more difficult for bacteria to grow in my water bottle with ice?

I have a water bottle that I use everyday at work. It is a wide mouth 1000ml water bottle. I clean it with soap and hot water about once a week. Normally I fill it with room temp water, but I was ...
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0answers
220 views

largest and smallest gram positive, gram negative and fungal pathogens

As I stumbled through this question: A 16-year-old female patient presented to her family physician with a complaint of an abnormal vaginal discharge and pruritus (itching). The patient ...
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1answer
69 views

Can E. coli make pyruvate from acetate?

What pathway would E. coli use to make pyruvate from acetate? I have found several papers that refer to a possible mechanism that could move acetate to pyruvate via a three-step process: Step 1: ...
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1answer
206 views

Why do bacteria use formylated methionine in the initiator tRNA, while eukaryotes do not?

Could anyone suggest an explanation for the evolution of this trait in bacteria? Does it confer any advantage? It is also exploited by immunity receptors of some eukaryotes for the recognition of ...
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1answer
35 views

Spoiled 1% milk

A friend of mine gave me a jug of 1% milk and when I got home to put it in my fridge I noticed that it was already out of date so I set it on the counter next to our trash can and at the time we didn'...
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1answer
130 views

Heat shock vs electroporation

I've been transforming E. coli via heat shock in order to insert oligonucleotides (around 50 nt); however, none of my experiments have given positive results so far. I begin to question the efficiency ...
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0answers
19 views

Which among the seven secretion systems in gram-negative bacteria are pathogenic?

Among the 7 secretion systems of a gram-negative bacteria, do all the systems secrete pathogenic proteins that harm the host into which the protein is secreted? Or is it the type 3, type 4 and type 6 ...
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0answers
35 views

Measuring gene similarity in two bacteria models

I'm currently working with some computational models of bacteria. The bacterium I am considering is an Ecoli K-12 which has 139 genes. I have several models of the same bacterium with different ...
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2answers
55 views

Why was Achromobacter xerosis removed from the NCBI taxonomy?

The Global Catalogue of Microorganisms lists a bacterium called Achromobacter xerosis which is mentioned in several papers and patents. It once existed in the NCBI taxonomy database, with ID 216898. ...
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135 views

Why is there an increase of diagnoses of Lyme disease?

On the Center for Disease Control page for Lyme disease, you can see the progression of reported cases of Lyme disease from 2001 until 2016 and see that over time, there are more reported cases of ...
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74 views

How does gram-negative bacteria use high molecular weight starch if the membrane is only permeable to small molecular weights?

So one of my question is: The outer membrane of a gram negative bacterium contains pores that allow only molecules with a molecular weight less than 1,000 to cross. What does this bacterium need in ...
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1answer
70 views

Can one type of bacteria cause several diseases? [closed]

If yes. Does it change its shape in every disease, or does it remain in the same shape and cause several diseases?
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0answers
21 views

What is the point of inter-species specific quorum-sensing?

So apparently, according to this TED video, there is a kind of quorum sensing involving a universal, inter-species specific molecule that all bacteria secrete. Is there any evidence of bacteria being ...
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0answers
20 views

How long would bacteria survive on a communal toilet door handle?

I've noticed recently that an increasing minority of people seem to regard washing their hands as optional when using the toilet (it's something I have slight OCD about to be honest and am always ...
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2answers
286 views

Can boiling water without high temperatures kill bacteria?

If you use a vacuum chamber to reduce the pressure of water such that it can boil at around room temperature will it still have the same effect on reducing harmful bacteria as boiling at the usual ...
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0answers
29 views

Can gut flora affect what we can eat and what we cannot?

Back many years ago, I've read a mushroom guidebook, which I don't have anymore. I was unable to find the name of a particular mushroom. The book comprises listing of edible and poisonous mushroom ...
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2answers
156 views

Is there any non-pathogenic gram negative bacteria?

In the category of Gram-negative bacteria, is there any non-pathogenic species? Is such a list of non-pathogenic gram-negative bacteria's available? Can you give maximum 5 examples of such bacteria ...
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3answers
105 views

To what extent can bacteria actually see?

I found some popular articles (e.g. nbcnews and iflscience) that bacteria can "see," but I highly doubt it's in the same way as people do just from looking at the limitations in the vision of small ...
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Why does vinegar made from wine contain only about half as much acid as the original alcohol? [closed]

It is my understanding that the fermenting bacteria process the alcohol into acetic acid. But why is it about half the percentage of volume? For example table wine is often 12% ethanol, but vinegar is ...
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Is it necessary to boil water that may not be potable, or is some lower temperature sufficient?

My water is well water. It is stored around 25C in a tank. It may or may not be potable, I don't know. I use it to make coffee. Currently I boil the water and allow it to cool to the required ...