Questions tagged [bacteriology]

A subdivision of microbiology dedicated to the study of bacteria.

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1answer
26 views

How to attract Cyanobacteria?

I would like to attract cyanobacteria in one spot on an object (e.g. cloth,) instead of having it swim in the media. my current method is to pour it on the object in a beaker and wait for some of them ...
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Is there any description about how microbes spread from a small place to a very large place?

Is there any materials (such as books, papers or others) about how microbes (such as the bacteria or virus) or a special kind of microbe spread from a small place to a very large area (such as the ...
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What are the phenomena that cause a change to the DNA ? ( not only mutation , but other forms of change too )

Trying to list all possible ways an organism DNA can change , currency on my list : Horizontal gene transfer Genetic Mutation Regulation of gene expression Bacteriophage ( virus infection ) Do I ...
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29 views

Low-cost simple water testing for faecal contamination

I live in Indonesia and there are lots of sewage pipes discharging directly from homes/restaurants/etc directly into the river. It's also common to wash clothes and so on, so there is likely detergent ...
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How does the Oligodynamic function?

I am trying to learn about the Oligodynamic effect in metals which kills micro-organisms (e.g. bacteria). I could not find much information about how in details does it kill microorganism. All I know ...
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Microorganism that can produce oxygen or water on mars

Has anybody found bacteria/microorganism that can produce water and/or oxygen on mars ? I mean , these microorganism not only should be able to use chemical available on mars , but also survive from ...
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Toiletbowl water vs doorknob: which is more dangerous to touch?

Doorknobs are coated in bacteria. But the bowl-water from a toilet that has been flushed (but is in active use) is also not exactly clean. Which would tend to pose a greater bacterial risk to touch if ...
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How do scientists kill the bacteria they themselves made resistant?

I was reading this article on researching bacteria resistance to silver by removing some of their genes. Researchers then used "colony-scoring" software to measure the differences in growth and ...
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23 views

Why does touch the face make more likely to be infected?

Why is it risky to touch the face although there is no direct contact with into the nose, eyes and mouth? Is there any possibility that pathogens infect us from our facial skin? Suppose we have ...
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28 views

Are these strands on surface of dog drinking water bacteria?

For our dogs, we have a water bowl that we refill whenever it gets low and completely wash clean every other day or so (sooner if it’s obviously dirty). Sometimes when I pick up the bowl to wash it, I ...
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What is the rate of bacterial cell death due to viruses on land?

"The rate of viral infection in the oceans stands at 1 × 10^23 infections per second, and these infections remove 20–40% of all bacterial cells each day." - https://www.nature.com/articles/...
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Will all bacteria become resistant against all antibiotics in the long term?

(I asked the same at medicalsciences beta, but I expect a quite different perspective on it here) This is about bacteria that can infect humans, and their multi-resistance. The evolution of bacteria ...
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Salt Bridge for Microbial Fuel Cell: Full or Partly Full?

I'm making a microbial fuel cell out of benthic mud and salt water in containers. My salt bridge will be made of agar and table salt solidified in PVC pipes. Does the salt bridge connecting the anode (...
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What compounds are consumed/produced by Staph. aureus grown on Mueller Hinton agar over time?

I wonder what are the essential components on Mueller Hinton agar that S. aureus consumes and produces. I imagine there are preferred energy sources and as soon as those compounds run out the organism ...
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Immune response to IgA positive bacteria

If certain bacteria can be coated with IgA in vitro, does that mean they are likely to elicit an IgA immune response? Edit I'm working on a project that involves IgA-Seq analysis. Bacteria are coated ...
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1answer
39 views

Can I find out what resistance bacteria has based on strain? where do I look for that info?

I have a list of strains across various organisms for example: Escherichia coli - ATCC 25922, CGSC 6152, W3110RL. Pseudomonas aeruginosa - ATCC 27853, PAO1, APAE1111. I'm failing to find any ...
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1answer
50 views

How to get Bacteria to attach to an Object?

I have cultured Cyanobacteria (in a media) in a beaker. I want that bacteria to attach to a cloth (e.g. Carbon). My current method is using a syringe to slowly push the bacteria to one side of a ...
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5answers
7k views

Can bacteria be killed by purely physical trauma?

In a question over on Skeptics Stack Exchange, I half-jokingly listed "blunt force trauma" as a means by which a bacterium could be killed. That makes me wonder if it really is only a joke ...
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How can life survive in the water under the Antarctic ice? [closed]

If there is life in the lakes under the ice of Antarctica then how can those bacteria survive? Where do they get energy from? https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.livescience.com/amp/64501-buried-lake-...
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Can a bacterium infect another bacterium?

I researched about it by searching on Google and reading some bacteriological articles, but I did not get any answer. I also asked some of my teachers, and they were also a bit confused. Some said ...
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“Bacteria don't have membrane-bound organelles.” Are sulfur bacteria or Cyanobacteria exceptions?

Can bacteria have membrane-bound organelles? I read this many textbooks: Bacteria cells are simple cells that do not contain a nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles. However, they do contain ...
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Pink growth (aka pink slime) in bathtub or shower

I was wondering if anybody had studied or was knowledgeable about the pink growth that people often find around water fixtures in their homes, especially bath tubs and showers? My understanding is ...
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2answers
92 views

Do most bacteria have plasmids?

Do most bacteria have plasmids? I googled that and I found this Yes, Plasmids naturally exist in all bacterial cells. Here But I know some of them don't! Is this sentence scientifically correct? ...
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Horizontal gene transfer in a bacteria

I encountered an old examination question: Which of the following is not required in Bacteria for horizontal gene transfers? Infection 2. Translation 3. Transformation 4. Conjugation 5. Transduction ...
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86 views

Why does vacuum sealing of foods prevent spoilage from anaerobic bacteria?

I have noted that many purchased food items in containers only require refrigeration after they have been opened, thus eliminating the vacuum seal. Air contains bacteria and fungus spores that enter ...
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Can bacteria (dis)assortatively mate?

After revising some evolutionary concepts, I stumbled on the "big five" of evolution (e.g., mutation, selection, mating, genetic drift, gene flow). I wanted to understand if mating as in &...
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Are diplobacillus physically connected?

I know that a diplobacillus is a bacillus bacteria that has a buddy 'attached' to it. What I haven't been able to determine is exactly how is it 'attached'? Are their cell membranes fused - are they ...
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25 views

Staphylococcus (antibacterial soaps and Traditional Lathering soaps)

I have been working on a biology research assignment regarding the claim: Antibacterial soaps are superior to traditional lathering soaps in minimizing the transmission of disease I have made a ...
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1answer
33 views

How do animals contain and dispose of bacterial endotoxins (lipopolysaccharides)?

Gram negative bacteria naturally release endotoxins which are lipopolysaccharide molecules. These molecules are toxic to many eukaryote cells, including macrophages. My question is how animal ...
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2answers
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If a human takes antibiotics are all bacteria in the body killed?

From my basic understanding, antibiotics kill living things, bacteria for example. Do the antibiotics consumed by a human-being distinguish between what they kill? Or do they just kill every bacteria ...
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1answer
50 views

How can I obtain a uniform bacterial sample?

I'm currently doing a research project wherein I will be testing the antibiotic resistance of a bacterial sample. Due to a risk of contamination during transport, I'm not allowed to request a uniform ...
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3answers
59k views

What is the difference between an antibiotic and an antibacterial?

Concerning medicine, what are the differences between antibiotics and antibacterials?
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Interpretation of Pangenome: high number of accessory genes

I performed a pangenomic analysis on a collection of 52 strains belonging to the same genus (some 5-6 different species). All the strains were isolated from the same environment: interior compartment ...
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Which is the most extreme thermophilic bacteria known?

Extreme thermophilic bacteria thrive at any temperature above 40/50°C. Thermotoga Maritima seems to be the bacteria that can survive at the highest temperature up to 90°C (reference 1, table 2). I ...
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Do viruses or bacteria have a flavour?

My 9 year old niece asked me this when I was explaining some stuff to her about the coronavirus. She asked "What does this virus taste like? Can I tell whether my sandwich is contaminated for ...
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27 views

Will ammonia continue to accumulate in an aquarium tank if a strong antibacterial or chlorine is added to the water?

I've always wondered what would happen if dead plants and fecal matter lay in chlorinated waters and/or waters treated with strong antibacterials or antibiotics. I've heard that aquarium tanks ...
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2answers
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A question about microbes growing media

I was told in my microbiology course that blood agar can be put in GasPak system (anearobic) to grow strict anaerobes, but why would someone use blood-dependent bacteria in this experiment as these ...
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62 views

How effective is rinsing in removing microbes from surfaces

Microbes including viruses stay alive on surfaces depending upon the type of the surface like steel, wood, plastic, glass, marble etc. How effective is rinsing these surfaces with tap water in ...
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Growing Mouth Bacteria in a bowl of sugar water

I want to teach my nephew why brushing in necessary and how sugar in mouth reduced by bacteria to acid. I plan to put sugar mixed water in bowl and take swab from his mouth and dip in bowl, and test ...
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3answers
60 views

Does the process of making a sourdough starter involve Darwinian selection?

In essence - to make a sourdough starter: Put flour and water in a jar, and leave it in a warm place overnight Divide the remaining mixture in half, throw out half, add half as much flour and water ...
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83 views

Home bacteria culture at home?

Can simple bacterial culture be done at home using food agar as the medium (with some additives found in the store)?
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30 views

How quicky does dental pH change after eating?

I would like to know how quickly after eating I can expect the pH do change in my mouth, and how quickly this will cause dental damage. Obviously any answer to this will have plenty of caveats (diet, ...
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41 views

How is minimum infectious dose defined?

I'm a bit confused by the concept of a minimum infectious dose (MID). It seems from what my research so far has turned up, that while any dose greater than 0 could potentially cause an infection, for ...
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23 views

Optimal bacterial vegetative cell inactivation method(s) after subtilis spores germinated under pressure

I am writing a PhD research proposal and being a newbie in the field I am lost a little bit in the bacterial vegetative cell inactivation methods in foods. I should propose two main methods to my ...
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2answers
6k views

Is there a bacterium that became a virus?

Is it possible for a virus to be a descendant of a bacterium that was not through horizontal gene transfer? How I think this could happen: Suppose a species of bacteria lives in an environment where ...
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What are the methods to quantify the bacterial adhesion rate for the biofilms grown on coupons in CDC or annular bioreactor, non-invasively?

I'm interested to know that if I grow the biofilm on coupons in the CDC bioreactor at a particular shear stress, and after say 48 hours, I take out the coupon from the bioreactor to quantify the ...
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What is the protein composition of complete Freund's adjuvant?

The complete form of this adjuvant uses heat inactivated and dried mycobacteria. However, to rule out cross-reactivity with an antibody, I would like to know which proteins are left in the adjuvant. ...
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70 views

What is the principle behind Microagglutination test (MAT)?

Could some one please help me understand the principle behind the MAT. Also, is it only used to detect leptospira or can it be used to detect other pathogens as well? Kindly share links to papers if ...
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Is there a vaccine against the plague (Yersinia pestis)?

There seems to be recurrent events of infections of the plage (Yersinia pestis), from the well known Justinian plague to the Black Death and to recent years. In fact, two cases were reported in China ...
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How antibodies are produced in our body against intracellular proteins of infectious bacteria?

When an infectious agent invades our body, then surface antigens of the infectious agent are detected by our immune system and B-cells get activated. However, we do have antibodies in our blood ...

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