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Questions tagged [digestion]

The physiological process of breaking down food into its constituent parts to provide nutrition for the body.

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Why are prions in animal diets not destroyed by the digestive system?

According to CBC: Mad cow disease is the common name for a condition known technically as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE. [...] The only known source of mad cow disease is from animal-...
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1answer
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How much does calcium reduce iron absorption?

Generally calcium inhibits the absorption of iron, but to what extent? One atom of calcium will not block 100% of iron absorption, that clearly isn't feasible. On the other hand, if someone ate 10 ...
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1answer
38 views

How is fructose absorbed into the body

I’m finding contradicting methods of Fructose transfer to blood page no 264(10)One of which saYs fructose is absorbed by simple diffusion And another sources like this say that fructose is ...
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1answer
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How is bad garlic breath eliminated by swalllowing a bit of raw garlic?

Please bear with me, as I am just a poor physicist. I have learned how to make traditional pastourma from a recipe given by my late aunt Dora, which is like pastrami except with a very strong garlic ...
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Can the human gut work with other type of gut bacteria?

I was wondering if the human body would be capable of functioning with, say, cellulolytic bacteria in their gut (instead of or in addition of their current bacteria), like that of ruminants and if ...
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1answer
68 views

Why are Chloride Anions necessary for gastric acid functioning?

Why do parietal cells of the gastric mucosa release Chloride anions along the H+-ions, which are pumped into the lumen by the proton-pump. Wouldn't the presence of protons alone be enough to denature ...
8
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1answer
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How do bile salts affect lipase activity?

BACKGROUND: It is well known that bile salts are needed for emulsification of fats. It is then said that this increases the surface area for activity of pancreatic lipase, implying that bile salts ...
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73 views

Which major salivary gland secretes maximum amount of salivary amylase and which one secretes maximum amount of Saliva

Actually I was studying about digestion and got this confusion about which gland(Parotid or Sub-mandibulary) secretes maximum amount of saliva and which one maximum amount of Salivary Amylase. Also,...
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1answer
111 views

How does the digestive system determine what to absorb [as nutrients] into the bloodstream?

If you put an egg into a sausage machine it will try to make sausages out of it because that's its job. Does the digestive system attempt to digest everything it receives? Furthermore, does it attempt ...
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Is there a link between digestion and nightmares?

A common belief is that eating too much before going to sleep can cause to have nightmares. In fact, I often experience it: I systematically have nightmares after eating too much in the evening. ...
5
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1answer
123 views

Do sharks fart?

My son is 5 and I'm encouraging him to be curious and ask questions of the world around him. He asked if sharks fart and how does it smell? He feels that it would smell of fish and be disgusting. He ...
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Why are triacylglycerols broken down before being absorbed?

So when dietary fats are in the small intestine, they are emulsified by bile salts in order for action by lipases to occur. Lipases degrade the triacylglycerols into monoacylglycerols, ...
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Human Digestion of Cellulose?

Most animals can digest the cellulose in grass because of the anaerobic bacteria called Fibrobacter succinogenes living in their rumen (gut). The bacteria produces the enzyme cellulase and is ...
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Why is wombat excreta shaped like cubes?

I've heard that wombat excreta is cube shaped, but I don't understand how that can happen. Has anyone studied the phenomenon? What would the evolutionary pressure have been to cause this?
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0answers
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Is gut bacteria Succinivibrionaceae's low methanogenesis understood well enough for GM of cattle gut bacteria to be considered?

After watching the Periodic Table of Videos episode linked in this question I watched the episode Wallabies and Methane where Sir Poliakoff says (a bit after 02:00):...
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3answers
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Could a mammal convert ingested dissolved CO2 to usable energy?

I'm trying to find out if it's possible that a mammal could orally ingest dissolved CO2 and convert it to energy for body heat, organ function, etc. Unfortunately, most of the scientific sources I've ...
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1answer
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Why does flatulence vary in temperature and smell?

Quite simply, why do some farts feel warmer than others? Some feel regular, while others feel like lava. What causes this? If there is no real temperature difference, why do I perceive some to be ...
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1answer
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Micelles Sticking Together

I have a quick question regarding micelles. I have tried googling the answer but can't seem to find the answer. The question is, during digestion lipids are emulsified into micelles in order to ...
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How cells determine how many enzymes are needed for digestion

How do pancreatic cells, epithelial cells of the stomach and intestinal epithelium cells determine the right amount of enzymes for digesting carbohydrates, proteins, fats? How does the pancreas ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between pseudorumination and coprophily? [closed]

Can someone please explain me difference between these two terms. any help is appreciated.
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1answer
79 views

Apolipoprotein B48 and fat storage

Can chylomicrons formed in the intestine, with apolipoprotein B48, transport lipids to adipose cells for storage?
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2answers
384 views

Betaine HCl stomach pH

It seems betaine HCL is often recommended for those suffering from "low stomach acid" -- which, as I understand, is having too high stomach pH for proper digestion (especially for proteolysis via ...
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2answers
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Does freezing microorganisms such as probiotics kill them?

Does freezing microorganisms such as probiotics kill them? If not, what is the process that allows them to "come back to life" after the temperatures are increased? As an example, lets say you ...
7
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1answer
687 views

Can Fluoride be absorbed into the blood from within the mouth without swallowing?

I'm having a discussion with somebody regarding Fluoride usage. I told him that even if he doesn't like the idea of ingesting it, brushing and spitting it out will do you no harm. He then said this: ...
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Can humans derive any nutrition from eating the bones of animals?

Bones contain many nutrients like Calcium and phosphorus. And I'd take a guess that some kind of bones like bones of a chicken(hollow) aren't dense enough to be much of a problem during digestion. ...
2
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1answer
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Why does drinking milk lead to increased fractures?

Milk has always been associated with strong bones due to the high amount of protein and calcium in it. Yet reading it up on wikipedia, A study published in The BMJ that followed more than 45,000 ...
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1answer
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How exactly is casein digested?

I mean it seems first step is rennin or pepsin digestion in stomach - then what happens with remaining peptides? I am interested in the whole process from casein to amino acids. Is there brush border ...
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238 views

Plant vs animal protein digestibility?

The protein scoring methodologies ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protein_Digestibility_Corrected_Amino_Acid_Score) rate plant proteins of a lower quality than animal proteins. Now I can understand ...
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1answer
201 views

Do mosquitos excrete blood?

Since insects like mosquitos ingest only blood, and insects generally excrete their solid and liquid waste at the same time as frass, I was wondering: is mosquito defecation more like iron pellets or ...
6
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1answer
3k views

Is aquafaba readily digestible?

I have always drained and tossed the water from canned beans. My understanding has been that the water that canned beans are soaked and cooked in contains raffinose, the gas-causing sugars that humans ...
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1answer
50 views

Microbiome Context for Amino Acid Essentials and Non-Essentials

Given what we are now learning about the diverse mix and variance of microbiomes (aka bacterias via human gut project), is it possible that synthesis of aminos can be done by specific bacteria and ...
3
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1answer
820 views

What are the consequences of drinking water with food?

Does drinking water with a meal release lesser energy/glucose into the blood stream due to a diluted digestive mixture ? For simplification : If a person eats 100 grams of cooked jasmine rice with no ...
2
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1answer
221 views

Can I dry digested protein sample over weekend in a vacuum concentrator?

I have digested with trypsin the tissue protein extract for mass spectrometry, and forgot to transfer the sample from the SpeedVac to the -80C freezer. As I did this on Friday, I can transfer the ...
5
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1answer
564 views

Influence of eating at late night on sleep

I have often heard the saying that one shouldn't eat a mountain of food because blood will go to the stomach and it'll be difficult to sleep well because the stomach can't rest at night. I see that ...
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1answer
568 views

Does pepsin digest plant protein?

This may sound trivial, but... Protein is sourced from plants and animals. Pepsin and HCl digest meat (animal protein). Does pepsin also digest plant-based proteins? I took a look at few articles ...
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1answer
609 views

Would modifying the human microbiome to digest cellulose be worth it? [closed]

I've read that cellulose has a lot of calories that go unused. I was wondering how practical it would be to incorporate a bacteria capable of suggesting cellulose into the human gut. I would say that ...
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0answers
40 views

Raw food diet digestion

I haven't really paid attention to the raw food diet and the claims of its supporters until now. A passage from this website says: The basic premise behind preparing raw food is not to cook food ...
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0answers
418 views

Which enzyme curdles milk in human infants? [duplicate]

Following, this question - Do humans produce rennin? Rennin does not exist. And What inactivates pepsin in infants? Rennin exist. What do I know is- Rennin is found in calves and acts on milk to ...
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Does starch need to be cooked?

Does starch need to be cooked for human digestion ? Is the answer different for different starches; potato , wheat, corn, etc ?
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1answer
507 views

How does the human stomach handle a mix of digested and undigested food?

As I understand it, the stomach digests the bolus into chyme and then passes the latter on to the small intestine. This process takes between 40 minutes and a few hours. However, what happens when ...
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2answers
372 views

How Anopheles crop doesn't digest gametocytes of P. vivax?

Background According to my A-level textbook: When Anopheles mosquitoes inject their proboscises and suck up blood from human host of malaria agent, they suck all stages of malaria parasite present in ...
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2answers
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Is starch and glycogen digestion intra or extracellular?

Do humans have the enzyme for starch intracellular digestion? Also, do plants have the ability to digest Glycogen? Intra or extracellular, or both?
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Chewing and weight loss/gain

I have a burning question. I have read many articles which say that chewing food properly, therefore longer, till you have a liquid-like texture, is causing you to eat less calories. However, it ...
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0answers
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Energy cost of chewing vs production of enzymes

Consider a hypothetical case that you ingest a piece of starch. Which is more costly energetically 1) chewing + reduced amount of enzymes production needed or 2) sole production of all the enzymes for ...
2
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2answers
457 views

Carbohydrates in acidic stomach

How does the acidic environment in the stomach affect carbohydrate and fast digestion? Does it aid, impede or remain neutral in their digestive process. Or do the carbs and fats leave the stomach (...
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0answers
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Does hunger necessarily mean that we should eat?

People feel hunger sooner after they eat food that consists mostly of carbohydrates. For example, if someone eats a good portion of rice then most likely they will be hungry after a couple of hours. ...
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91 views

Is human blood useful as food?

Lacking other resources, could a healthy adult slit his wrist to feed a starving child with his blood? Would it be nutritional and would a starving dehydrated child eat it?
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1answer
37 views

Why is secretin sensitive to acid?

My textbook says, secretin secretion is triggered by the presence of acidic chyme in intestine. But why is secretin sensitive to acidic environment? I checked the wikipedia page of secretin and found ...
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1answer
801 views

Why is pollen used as a dietary supplement?

Sporopollenin is the hardest biological substance and can't be degraded by any know enzyme (my school textbook). Then why is pollen used as a dietary supplement if it can't be digested? Also, pollen ...
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374 views

Why do we have bacteria in our alimentary canal? [closed]

Our alimentary canal contains lots of bacteria. Most of these are found in the small intestine and large intestine. Can you a give a few reasons why is it a good thing to have bacteria in our ...