Questions tagged [dna-methylation]

A methyl group can be added to a cytosine residue, usually one that neighbors a guanine (known as a CpG - cytosine-phosphate-guanine - site). This can affect chromatin and histone structures, as well as directly influencing binding of various factors, thereby altering the transcription of genes.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
4
votes
1answer
46 views

Gene silencing: relative or absolute number of methylated CpG sites?

CpG content varies a lot across the human genome. What does determine a promoter to be silenced through DNA methylation: the fraction of CpG sites that are methylated or the total number of methylated ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

How does CpG island methylation lead to gene silencing?

I see often the blanket statement that CpG island methylation can lead to gene silencing. However, I have been unable to find a straightforward explanation of the mechanism by this. Is it a purely ...