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Questions tagged [ecosystem]

An interconnected system of biotic and abiotic elements in a given area.

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System diagrams showing biofeedback processes or interactions (- and + symbols) in ecosystems

Overview: I apologise profusely for asking a silly question, but I am feeling confused and I am seeking more clarity on this subject. Could anyone, please help me understand why the interaction ...
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Calculation of Respiration Fluxes in Terrestrial Ecosystems Based on Total Respiration (RT)

Overview Researchers have been studying a temperate grassland ecosystem with the view to understand it's current status with regard to carbon inputs and outputs and to identify whether the grassland ...
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What does the difference between GPP - NPP represent?

Overview Researchers have been studying a temperate grassland ecosystem with the view to understand it's current status with regard to carbon inputs and outputs and to identify whether the grassland ...
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How can sodium and potassium from burned organic matter (ashes) reenter the ecosystem?

If you thoroughly burn something you end up with bunch of oxides and hydroxides, as far as I know. Sodium and potassium hydroxides are plentiful in ashes, which is why lye was created by soaking ...
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What does differential consumption mean? [closed]

I have not been able to find any definition of differential consumption online. What does it mean in this quotation? Vertebrates can influence natural fire regimes in several ways. First, ...
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What is the thickness of the biosphere?

In other words, what is the vertical distance between the deepest and highest point on Earth where life is found? Life has been discovered at the bottom of the Mariana Trench, 13 km below sea level. ...
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Devonian Fish Diversity--What Would it Have Looked Like?

For 70 million years, the oceans, lakes and rivers of the world teemed with seven groups of fish: Placodermi Acanthodii Agnatha Chondrichthyes Sarcopterygii Actinopterygii Now two of those ...
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1answer
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Failed attempts at changing ecosystem in order to preserve it?

Have there been any notable tries in the recent past (think 20th century or later) to purposefully change any ecosystem in order to save it or some particularly species in it, but which have instead ...
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Why are there so many species of large predator on the African savanna?

On the tropical grasslands of Africa, there are loads of large carnivores. Lions, cheetahs, leopards, hyenas and wild dogs are all found, sometimes, in the same place. I was wondering, why is it that ...
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Flora of Ice Age Europe

I'm trying to get a very in-depth idea of the ecosystem of Pleistocene Europe, somewhere around 40,000 years ago, and I can't seem to find what types of foliage (other than the obvious grasses and ...
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Does overfishing in one ocean hurt fishstock in another?

If there's overfishing in the Atlantic or North Sea - will this affect fish stocks in the Indian ocean? Are there papers on this? The question I'm trying to answer is whether overfishing by developed ...
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At what temporal scales do forest structures change?

At which time scales do forest stand characteristics (i.e. stand density, species composition, & diameter distributions) change in a temperate European forest which is not managed? Ideally, I'd ...
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Why does Fallopia Japonica not cause issues in Japan to where it is native unlike other countries?

Fallopia Japonica (also known as Japanese Knotweed), is currently causing a huge issue in the English countryside where it was introduced. This is due to the fact that it spreads and grows rather ...
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What is the non-local impact of a large-scale destruction of coral reefs?

I'm reading today that the "bleaching" of coral reefs is progressing with unanticipated speed. Bleaching is occurring at a scale which was previously believed to be decades in the future. Bleached ...
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214 views

Structure of an Ecosystem

Changes in WHICH of the following factors will result in a change of an ecosystem's structure and composition? A: nutrient availability B: temperature C: number of trees D: light ...
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What is meant by increase in information embodied in the system?

From Ecosystem Ecology edited by Sven Erik Jørgensen After the initial capture of energy across a boundary, ecosystem growth and development is possible by an increae of the physical ...
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Nutrient limitation in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems

In terms of primary production, it is often described in textbooks that nitrogen is the most limiting nutrient in terrestrial ecosystems, while phosphorus is the most limiting nutrient in freshwater ...
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The effect of depth on net primary production in aquatic ecosystems

The figure shows the relationship between the water depth and net primary production (=P-R). I want to know why the production (P) initially increases with water depth near the surface? I have seen ...
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Terrarium Compatibility: Millipedes with Carnivorous Plants?

I have a child that loves his large millipedes (Desert Millipedes) and Venus Fly Traps. He's also been wanting to get some Sundew Savages. Given this little collection and his real enjoyment of ...
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On the premise of crop rotation, is there similarly a plant or organism able to provide nutrients into its environment that exists in water biomes?

I know of the simple concept of crop rotation, and being able to use certain plants to replenish soil, and was wondering if there is a plant or organism that can or does function similarly but in ...
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420 views

How much carbon does a forest contain?

Trees in a forest, alongside the fungi, animals and plants that live there in, capture atmospheric carbon dioxide and store it inside their tissues and in the soil as humus. It is possible to ...
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Are plants actual oxygen factories?

Is the oxygen exhaled by plants during the day compensated by inhalation of carbon dioxide at night?
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epiphyte mats in tropical forests

I read in an ecology text book ("Ecology: Concepts and Applications" (7th edition) by Manuel Molles) that trees in tropical forests can be sustained despite the poor soil is because they extract ...
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Comparing the amount of domestic animals and wild animals?

From some material, I read about the ammonia (NH3) emission from animal waste. I found that the emission from domestic animals are greater than wild animals. Then, I can't help wondering the ...
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328 views

Predator prey interaction [closed]

I went through a line in my textbook which read: "But for predators, prey species could achieve very high population densities and cause ecosystem instability." I was not able to understand the ...
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138 views

Do camels pose an environmental threat to kangaroos?

Camels, once used for transport across the Australian outback, were set free, and are reproducing at an uncontrolled rate in the empty interior of Australia. Do the ecosystems of camels and ...
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806 views

What are the branches of system ecology?

What are the branches of system ecology that scientists research in nowadays? Or what can system ecology can applied to, or be used? I have read its Wikipedia page, but sadly it doesn't answer my ...
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How can omnivores be in more than one trophic level?

I'm learning about the ecosystem and its relation to organisms, So organisms in a food chain can be put from producers to tertiary organisms. I just don't get the part where an organism can be labeled ...
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What is the contribution of the cockroach to the ecological environment?

I've read a lot about cockroaches but was unable to find how they contribute to the ecological environment. Does anyone know?
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What are the requirements for a stable carbon cycle in sealed “bottle gardens”`?

The most famous example of a sealed bottle garden is David Latimer's bottle with a Spiderworth plant, pictured below, which has been sealed for 40 years. My own attempt at a bottle garden is failing ...
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299 views

In a typical model ecosystem, what might the percentage of plants be to top predators and everything inbetween?

I'm not sure if this will be a simple question that is almost a natural law for an ecologist, or a complex serious of assumptions. I vaguely remember from school that only 10% of the energy is ...
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What physics knowledge can be applied to biology of organisms and ecosystems?

In the wiki page of Biophysics: Biophysics spans all scales of biological organization, from the molecular scale to whole organisms and ecosystems. But after searching on the internet; the ...
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Are there critical points in ecosystems?

Some days ago, I was thinking (partially) about the complex balance that is needed for an ecosystem to exist. I got curious about the existence of some sort of critical point, something - that when ...
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What prevents predator overpopulation?

I've often heard that a population, human or otherwise, will continue to grow as long as there is food available (assuming nothing else is killing them off). It makes sense: if you have food you can ...
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Why Can Varied Species Live Together in Particular Ecosystems?

Consider the following question: The Piney Woods of Eastern Texas is home to a wide variety of organisms ranging from the grass Longleaf Oats to coyotes. Which of the following best explains why ...
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How much cost would artificial pollination add to common products (fruits etc.)?

I've read about ecosystem services and their possible valuation - statements like "honeybee pollination service in the US is worth 1.6 billion dollars". Is data available on how this would affect the ...
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Interdependency between organsims on our planet and its relation to ecosystem?

I am not a biologist but I just wonder if all species are interdependent. I mean if the tiger becomes extinct does it affect the ecosystem? If the mosquito or mouse become extinct does it affect the ...
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What significance does the moon have for the development of life on earth, and for earth's ecology? [closed]

Planets like Mercury and Venus do not have moons, and they do not appear to harbor (higher) life (forms). How significant is it for the emergence of life on a planet that it has a moon? How does it ...
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401 views

Standardized Selection Ratio (SSR)

In this article the athors used the Standardized Selection Ratio (SSR) in order to infer what is the preferred host (anemone) of anemonefish. Here is a quotation coming from their methods: ...
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Index of ecological niche overlap

What is the Pianka's Index? How does it work? How can one calculate this index? How often is it used? In what context do people usually use it? Can one infer any statistical significance with this ...
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Mesophytic Climax community in succession?

My textbook says that in all cases of ecological succession (xerarch, hydrarch, etc.), the ultimate climax community, assuming constancy of environment, is a mesic community. Xeric or hydric pioneers ...