Skip to main content

Questions tagged [enzymes]

Enzymes are globular proteins that catalyse a biochemical reaction, increasing the overall rate by reducing activation energy. Most chemical reactions in a cell need enzymes in order to occur at rates sufficient to sustain life.

86 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
6 votes
1 answer
151 views

Different enzymes catalyzing the same reaction but in opposite directions

Nelson, D. L., & Cox, M. M. (2017). Principles of Biochemistry 7e. W. H. Freeman. 13.3: Phosphoryl Group Transfers and ATP: Inorganic Polyphosphate Is a Potential Phosphoryl Group Donor. (This ...
Sadegh Rizi's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
160 views

Are there any alternatives to the Epicentre product Plasmid Safe?

I need to remove any traces of linear DNA (both single and double stranded) from a ligation reaction while keeping circular DNA intact. Up to now, I have used Epicentre's Plasmid Safe to do the job. I ...
alec_djinn's user avatar
  • 3,108
3 votes
0 answers
66 views

Is CRISPR mediated RNA editing less specific and less efficient than DNA editing?

According to this diagram, the high efficiency and the high specificity of CRISPR lies in its reversible binding with the target DNA. The Cas protein unzips the target DNA and have the gRNA to base ...
哲煜黄's user avatar
  • 621
3 votes
0 answers
222 views

How does Clostridium perfringens cause target hemolysis?

I am studying microbiology as a part of my course and I was studying Clostridium perfringens. While studying its hemolytic characteristics, I came to know that it causes target hemolysis (i.e. zone of ...
ANA negative's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
565 views

What changes do ants make to the soil they use for building ant hills

I live in South India ,and among the many species of ants in and around our house, some of them except the weaver ants build the typical small ant hills in the garden. I have examined the coarse sand ...
Amarylis Vaselaar's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
326 views

Are there any enzymes without aromatic amino acids?

I'd like to try a new spectroscopic technique to study enzymatic reactions (which reaction doesn't especially matter, something simple and with fast kinetics like catalase would do fine - I'm just ...
Alex I's user avatar
  • 536
3 votes
0 answers
150 views

Does alpha-amylase from different species have different *optimal* conditions?

Do the optimal conditions for the enzyme isoforms differ between species? Specifically, do the optimal pH and temperature for alpha-amylase differ for that enzyme produced by B. lichiniformis and A. ...
Ray Ruiz's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
57 views

Adenosine metabolism

Are adenosine or its catabolites increased in inflamed airways? How can I assess this? I am trying to use inhibitors for adenosine deaminase, xanthine oxidase, and purine nucleoside phosphorylase, but ...
dutta's user avatar
  • 31
3 votes
0 answers
42 views

Are there any enzymes synthesised by humans that specifically catalyse the hydrolysis of non-cyclic Imides?

Imides or dicarbonyl amides are an interesting class of compounds that includes the pharmaceuticals thalidomide, aniracetam and a few other drugs. These compounds, however, are cyclic and I'm ...
Josh Pinto's user avatar
  • 2,398
2 votes
0 answers
123 views

Immunoaffinity chromatography: avoiding damage to the antibodies from proteases

What are the possible methods to prevent the digestion of antibodies (mainly Polyclonal) by proteases during affinity chromatography? I read some papers about doing modifications to the anitbodies: ...
Alpha's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
50 views

What is the "GTP activator protein" that activates GTP-cyclohydrolase-1?

From GTP-cyclohydrolase deficiency responsive to sapropterin and 5-HTP supplementation: relief of treatment-refractory depression and suicidal behaviour (BMJ Case Reports, 2011) The metabolic profile ...
CopperKettle's user avatar
  • 1,309
2 votes
0 answers
50 views

Why do some enzymes have giant structures around the active site?

As a part of my inorganic chem. course (it's a required course at my college), we have a module called Introduction to Bioinorganic Chemistry. There, the prof. showed examples of enzymes like ...
wermos's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
64 views

Which enzyme is Nick Lane referring to?

In Life Ascending the author, Nick Lane, refers to an enzyme in his introduction: '' It concerns an enzyme (a protein that catalyses a chemical reaction) that is so central to life that it is found ...
Mirte's user avatar
  • 328
2 votes
0 answers
78 views

Why does M1 RNA together with C5 protein in 100mM Mg(II) fail to cleave tRNA?

Sidney Altman discovered that RNA moeity of RNAse P (M1 RNA) alone is able to perform enzymatic cleavage of ptRNA, which won him the Nobel Prize of Chemistry in 1989. However, when I read the Nobel ...
user46857's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
71 views

Molecular Docking Enzyme Inhibitor Biosensor?

I had some task to study Molecular Docking relations with Biosensor and I am really new with this discipline (beginner). I am docking C60 with Glucose Oxidase and my question is: what would happen if ...
Wawo Brown's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
936 views

How to convert between Kunitz units and Enzymatic units?

I've googled around and there has been the common answer of 1.5 U = 1 Kunitz Unit, but none of those answers have come from a reputable source, so I am really doubtful. :( The enzyme I use comes in ...
K. Yin's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
120 views

What is the protocol for extracting Protease Onion?

I am Investigating the protease concentration in certain fruits and vegetables. I am unable to find the protocols for the extraction from onions. I want to purify my protein using the ammonium ...
TescoExpress's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
396 views

Specific activity vs turnover number of enzymes in BRENDA

From my understanding, the specific activity (A, units: umol/min/mg protein) can be derived from the turnover number (k, units: 1/seg) and the molar mass of an enzyme (MW, units: g/mol): A = k / MW / ...
a06e's user avatar
  • 1,337
2 votes
0 answers
113 views

Degradation of PMSF in protein extract while dialysing - safe for feeding to animals?

I would like to use the protease inhibitor PMSF in enzyme isolation. The obtained enzyme diamine oxidase (or better the protein extract) is tested oral on dogs. According to Wikipedia, PMSF has a ...
Luke's user avatar
  • 137
2 votes
0 answers
49 views

Would canines that consume the stomach of ruminant prey animals benefit from any of the bacteria and enzymes present in the rumen?

This question is inspired by the growth in popularity of raw diets for pet dogs. Green tripe is a common addition to these diets, with many claims of probiotic benefits. Here's an example from a ...
DiJax's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
228 views

Modulating the level of acetyl CoA

Describe what might happen if there were no mechanisms for modulating the level of acetyl CoA. I am not sure what is meant by "modulating the level of acetyl CoA", or what mechanisms contribute to ...
Sapphira's user avatar
  • 139
2 votes
0 answers
630 views

Proteases in the blood

I’m reading on hormones and the book talks about how peptide or amine hormones are easily broken down by proteases present in the blood plasma. This has led me to question the interactions between ...
lightweaver's user avatar
  • 1,933
2 votes
0 answers
563 views

What's the purpose of Cdk activity having more than one method of becoming inactive?

Cdk becomes partially active once its bound to cyclin and then gets phosphorylated and fully active once a Cdk-activating kinase (CAK) phosphorylates the partially active Cdk. This fully activated Cdk ...
JustKeepSwimming's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
254 views

Cereal Alpha and Beta Amylase temperature range and reaction rate

This question is motivated by a practical application in bread making. While it is well known which are the optimal (highest reaction rate) temperatures for both alpha and beta amylase, I am not able ...
Alessandro's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
40 views

Reason for sorbitol synthesis in human body

Sorbitol has been proved to be a major contributor to development of complications due to chronic diabetes. It forms in retina, lens, kidneys, peripheral nerves, ovaries and seminal vesicles by the ...
Vibhav Agarwal's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
47 views

How to theoretically calculate amount of product in first-order reaction?

I was wondering if it was possible to calculate the amount of product theoretically produced from in vivo (human) values to determine if that's the only enzyme causing the increase in amount of ...
Luckystrikerr's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
14 views

What enzyme could you use to delipidate lipidated serine?

I have a protein with a serine modified with an O-octanoyl group (ester linkage). What enzyme could I use to remove this group? Could I use a lipase, such as pancreatic lipase?
WaterMolecule's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
52 views

How to predict enzyme activity computationally

if I have an enzyme and its corresponding substrate, are there computational methods that I can use to predict its enzymatic activities? I understand that we can determine its activity using various ...
Olivier Ma's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
48 views

Nature of firefly Luciferase reaction mechanism?

The bioluminescence of the firefly luceferin (FL) is a two step process, with the first step requiring the enzymatic/catalytic ability of the luciferase to convert the FL into luciferyl adenylate. ...
Evamentality's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
106 views

Why does ATP act as an allosteric inhibitor of glycogen synthase?

Why is ATP an allosteric inhibitor of glycogen synthase? Wouldn't high levels of ATP in the cell mean that the cell has sufficient energy, and in this case wouldn't excess glucose be stored as ...
trinitrotoluene's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

What is the effect of an acidic solution on hydrolytic enzymes?

I'm working on a school research project and my research question is "What is the effect of increasing concentrations of Acid X on hydrolytic enzymes, measured through the loss of mass of leaf ...
Sankalp Kapur's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
86 views

Why are many skin depigmenting agents toxic to the body?

Coming from a developing country, I know many people who regularly use these creams to lighten their skin and some of them have developed liver and kidney problems as a result. I know that many ...
Eric Hernandez's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
107 views

Does Topiramate work by supplanting Pyridoxal phosphate in enzymes?

I have seen it said that the precise mechanism of action of migraine medicine Topiramate is not known. But I certainly see a resemblance between that molecule and PLP (Pyridoxal phosphate, the ...
user240254's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
289 views

Lower optimum temperature of plant Catalase

Most resources give an optimum temperature of 35° C for Catalase. after performing the AP Catalase enzyme lab in school, using blended potatoes, our results gave a greater reaction rate at a room ...
Loren Meehan's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
28 views

Can Mung Bean Nuclease only digest a ssDNA 5' overhang?

Can Mung Bean Nuclease only digest a ssDNA 5' overhang, if the double-stranded region of DNA (20bp) is A-T rich at the ends? Does this enzyme degrade 5' overhang (5bp or 30 bp) with 100% efficiency?
plaza-moon's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
35 views

Is there any current knowledge of how DNA polymerase is "motivated" to perform error corrections during transcription?

I was trying to understand the process of how polymerase performs error corrections on DNA. Every paper on this topic mentions what happens during the process, but there's no mention of how it happens....
Nav's user avatar
  • 527
1 vote
0 answers
53 views

Cellulase Sample Digestion Protocol?

Is there an effective way to use cellulase(s) and/or lignase(s) to remove unwanted plant debris from a sample? I'm working with a series of fresh water grab samples for environmental assessment. The ...
L84Dnr's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
0 answers
127 views

Can enzymes be modeled using classical mechanics?

When enzymes interact with substrates (i.e. a small ADP molecule and the much larger ATP synthase), does quantum mechanics play a significant role? Or can the interactions be relatively accurately be ...
F16Falcon's user avatar
  • 662
1 vote
0 answers
30 views

Looking for a good and complete Enzimology exercises book

I mean, I want to practice with challenging exercises and I want to know the theory behind them. So, I started reading: Organic Chemistry: Yurkanis, P. Enzyme kinetics: Bisswanger, H. Biotechnology ...
Adonis Cedeño's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
2k views

What are the marker enzymes for Nucleus, Ribosomes and cell membrane?

Are there any marker enzymes present for ribosomes, nucleus and cell membrane. For mitochondria there are many, for lysosome it's cathepsin. I read about the marker enzymes of most of the other ...
Chloritone_360's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
115 views

Cooperative Enzyme Question

I'm currently studying for the MCATs. After doing some biochemistry practice questions, I came upon a question that I believe may be incorrectly posed. I was wondering if I'm correct in saying this or ...
Shayan Hemmati's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
29 views

which enzyme phosphorylates sodium potassium pump?

I know that Na+/k+ pump possess atp-ase function; so the pump will hydrolyze ATP into ADP + Pi. And I see in a figure that the pump is phosphorylated but couldn't really find which protein catalyzes ...
mingoo426's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
114 views

Do we know how dangerous six-eyed sand spiders are?

The Sicariidae family contains the well-known and dangerous Loxosceles spp. (fiddle-backs, violin spiders). The family's other two genera, Sicarius and Hexophthalma (six-eyed sand spiders) have ...
g2a's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
0 answers
16 views

How can we quantify the effect of pancreatin (biological enzyme) on the clarification of milk powder

Alright so I'm trying to quantify the rate at which casein (protein constituent of milk powder) is converted into a product (I am unaware of) by pancreatin (a biological enzyme that speeds up the ...
Skander Lejmi's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
61 views

Question about vitamin b6 product and cycling

Can the b6-product of a vitamin b6 reaction such as transaminase be recycled back to active vitamin b6 in man, and if so by means of what reaction?
Rob F's user avatar
  • 79
1 vote
0 answers
22 views

What does "operationally soluble" mean, re. Tax10 enzyme?

I am trying to work out whether the enzyme Tax10 is soluble or insoluble. I need to know if some buffers won't work with Tax10. I am trying to confirm Tax10 activity, having confirmed protein ...
derek1984's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
33 views

What options exist to quantitatively detect enzyme activity in non-model insect tissue?

Evolution/genomics person here: what are the options to measure the activity or presence of broad categories of enzymes--like peroxidases or catalases--active in a specific tissue (in a non-model ...
madamota's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
29 views

What are the enzymes with the lowest concentrations in a cell?

Or are there any enzymes which are only translated one time per cell?
PascalIv's user avatar
  • 149
1 vote
0 answers
135 views

Is osteoid an uncalcified substance?

I recently learned about Osteoid (the substance secreted by osteoblasts during intramembranous ossification), and I read that it was an "unmineralized organic component of bone." Now, does this mean ...
ScienceGirl1234's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
45 views

What are the chemical characteristics of cofactors that functionally differentiate them from the side chains of amino acids?

Cofactors are essential for the function of many enzymes, such as NAD+ in the glycolytic pathway - I was wondering how the chemical properties of these cofactors allow them to fulfil their function ...
ooakley's user avatar
  • 171