Questions tagged [eyes]

The discussion of the anatomy and evolution of eyes. Consider using the "vision" tag for questions regarding how the brain interprets information from the eyes.

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Who was the first organism to see the Milky Way? [closed]

So, we know that dung beetles are able to see the Milky Way and use it for navigation purposes (mainly "to get away from the bun fight at the poo pile"). But dung beetles appear around 115-...
Swike's user avatar
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Does the VR headsets make us focus extremely close?

Firstly, if I ask this question in Ask Different or Super User, the users there may say this is related to a biology or physics. The background is: we were in general told that: don't read a book too ...
Stefanie Gauss's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
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What is the part between the eyebrow tail and above the eyelid called?

I need to know that anatomical name of the portion of the face between the eyebrow tail and the eyelid, as highlighted in red in the image below, as I need to refer to that particular area in writing ...
hecate's user avatar
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Human Eye Diagram: question about some dimensions

Does anyone know any of the answers to these questions about this human eye diagram: What points should be the center of the circle for the radius numbers (Rn) in the following diagram? The ...
Nick's user avatar
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How is opsin of rhodopsin is different from that of iodopsin? [closed]

Rhodopsin contain retinal, an aldehyde of vitamin A and opsin protein and iodopsin also contains retinal along three different types of opsins namely erythropsin, chloropsin and cyanopsin. But kind of ...
Venkatesh Choudhary's user avatar
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1 answer
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Would asymmetrically positioned eyes impair vision?

Assuming one eye is 5 cm further down compared to the other, would that somehow change perception if the brain has long enough to deal with that incoming information? For example, if you were born ...
iwab's user avatar
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How are on and off bipolar cells of the retina arranged?

In the retina, there are both on and off bipolar cells. But how are they spread out in the retina? Are they so, that there is one of each after one another? Or are there areas where there are clusters ...
Drita Raci's user avatar
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light hitting the center of the retinal receptive field

In my teachers slides, it says "light hitting the center of the retinal receptive field can either increase or decrease the number of impulses fired" Is this "or" because it ...
Drita Raci's user avatar
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How to calculate average Corneal Thickness?

I have a question which I may be making out to be a lot more complex than it actually is. In my department we have a machine which can image the cornea and give values of various parameters (eg ...
Curious Eye Guy's user avatar
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Would using positive numbered glasses while using a computer help prevent myopia?

There are multiple web pages linking screen-time and myopia. While this is not necessarily proven, for example as shown on the NIH page here https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31943280/ , it seems ...
123's user avatar
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Laser in mirror experiment

Apologies if this question is very simple I performed an experiment where I would shine my toy laser at the mirror and it would be reflected. Now here is what I tried: I could see my laser toy , I ...
Naveen V's user avatar
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How does brain activity change when focusing on something within peripheral vision, as opposed to the fovea?

Normally when looking around, we mentally focus on what we see within our fovea, as that is where we have the greatest visual acuity. However, it is still possible to focus (both physically with the ...
M S's user avatar
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Is it possible to focus only one axis of astigmatism?

When we look at something close, we focus our eyes as a circle. But what if someone has astigmatism and focuses on something close, is it possible for the eyes to "focus" only the axis that ...
123's user avatar
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12 votes
3 answers
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How deep under water can humans open their naked eyes without damaging them?

Humans can tolerate a maximum pressure of 100atm, but it becomes uncomfortable above 30 atms. Deep divers usually wear protective equipment like goggles among other things and our eyes seem to be more ...
Aditya Kumar Panda's user avatar
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Are afterimages centrally regulated?

As I understand, negative afterimages might be induced by retinal cone bleaching or neuronal adaptation. I have heard that some experiments have suggested that afterimages can be centrally regulated. ...
an instance's user avatar
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Do all animals with eyesight get an upside-down image on their retina, or is it right-side up with some?

here's as good an image as any for showing the thing about human vision that I am asking about: So, our retina gets an upside-down image. My question is, do all animals' eyes work this way? Or do ...
Hamish Todd's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is harmonic resonance in Photoreceptors explored?

Look at the resonance curves of the L-cone (OPN1LW) in humans, it has its peak at ~570nm and rises up in the lower wavelength (higher frequency) area. For me as a musician, that looks like a natural ...
rhavin's user avatar
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Why do humans see exactly one octave of light?

The visible spectrum of light is often defined as 350nm to 700nm. On Wikipedia, it says 380nm to 750nm. Either way, the upper bound is very close to double the lower bound. This means humans can see ...
Lycodo's user avatar
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Heart rate sensor electrodes to be used for blink detection (simple EOG)

I have a cheap ECG/HRV/heart rate sensor module for Arduino, bought from Aliexpress. It has 3 electrodes: RA, LA, RL, which I guess mean right arm, left arm, right leg. The module outputs one single ...
LimeAndConconut's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
352 views

Why does a non-functional retinoblastoma protein cause tumours in the cells of the retina specifically?

I know that the name of the protein itself is the retinoblastoma protein - but that's only because the result of a pathogenic variant is retinoblastoma. I'm trying to kind of reverse engineer the name ...
Zuhair Qureshi's user avatar
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When do retinal cells stop differentiating? [closed]

I am having a hard time recalling where I had heard this, but I do recall someone saying (perhaps in a video) that cells in the retina divide very rapidly during infancy due to ongoing development of ...
Zuhair Qureshi's user avatar
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1 answer
156 views

Why does there have to be two muscles to control the size of the pupil?

In dim light, the circular muscles relax and radial muscles contract to allow more light to enter the eye, and vice versa in bright light. Why is there the need to have two muscles when probably the ...
user1039203's user avatar
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1 answer
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How does the brain activate retinal cones in darkness?

The activation of retinal cones by light is how vision is formed; yet there are other methods, such as mechanical one, for activating light, such as pressure photopsia/phosphenes. This occurs when ...
Evamentality's user avatar
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Image sensitivity of eyes and peripheral vision

I have bad eyes and need glasses. However I have noticed when it is dark, I am able to see contrasting colours a lot better in the corner of my eyes, than in the center, e.g a mark on my wall I can't ...
jensen paull's user avatar
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Is 50Hz noticably worse for eyes than 60Hz on a 4K monitor?

I was told in ux.stackexchange that this question is better suited for biology.stackexchange, so, here we go ;). I have a 50Hz 4k monitor (28 inch and using 1920x1080 scaling - so, the text is super ...
fegax's user avatar
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Is the nervous message sent by an eyelash being flexed sent all the way to the brain?

Since the reflex to close the eyelid once an eyelash is touched seems very fast, does the signal from the neuron detecting the touching travel all the way to the brain, get processed then back to the ...
Dolanor's user avatar
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4 votes
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Allometry of vision, can mice see their own fingers?

Looking around, I've found a lot of research on the allometry of visual acuity and vision at a distance, but not so much on vision close-up. As I understand it, the "near point" of vision is ...
smallobsession's user avatar
1 vote
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174 views

Why are we more sensitive to green light when 65% of our cone cells are red cone cells?

I read, "human eyes are most sensitive in 555nm which is green. Human eyes are more sensitive to green than to red, and in low-light conditions even more to cyan than to green." But it doesn'...
Lisa Baron's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
135 views

Do the activity patterns of an owl species determine their eye colour?

Recently I've been thinking about the colour of owl eyes, and trying to figure out if there is a pattern anywhere between species. I have read for example, that yellow-eyes implies they are day time ...
AncientSwordRage's user avatar
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How fast does eyelid close when eyelash is triggered?

What is the reaction of blinking like when an unexpected piece of wood or something hits an eyelash and then an eyeball? A piece of stone flew into my eyeball when we knocked a wall down, and it hit ...
bandybabboon's user avatar
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Why do colors clash in your brain?

Wen pairing two or more colors together, some "clash" or cause a effect visually where the two colors meet. To me it appears to be a black line between the colors or shading when in fact ...
Justintimeforfun's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
400 views

How much light can pass through the human eyelid?

My sister tells me that at night when the lights in the room are off that she can see the ambient outdoor light from neighboring buildigns and streetlights through her eyelids (i.e., when her eyes are ...
prata's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why do I see purple stripes when moving a small source of light (flashlight) quickly in a dark room?

I was playing with my phone's flashlight (white) in a dark room, Just moving it around quickly when I noticed that I could see thin stripes of purple in the same shape as my hand moved, they didn't ...
ADR's user avatar
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45 votes
3 answers
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Are humans more adapted to "light mode" or "dark mode"?

I was discussing with a colleague about using dark-mode vs. light mode and remembered an article arguing that humans vision is more adapted to light-mode rather than dark-mode: I know that the trend “...
Alexei's user avatar
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2 votes
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Eye Optics/Emmert's law: Where to place scaled copies of an object so they have identical images on the retina?

I read that the center of projection of the human eye is the entrance pupil. So given a light ray which intersects the objects position and the center of the aperture stop, all copies of said object ...
InteractiveCube's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
61 views

How would our vision be improved if our photoreceptors were not backwards?

I'm curious to how much better human eyesight would be if the nerves from our rods and cones were correctly placed behind the receptors? Are there any Animal Models with correctly placed ...
Gabriel Fair's user avatar
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The position of the macula in comparison to the blind spot

Which is located in a higher postion? Macula or blind spot?
a.RR's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
294 views

Why exactly are the reflections of sunlight in this dragonfly's eye hexagonal?

I photographed a rather cooperative, large dragonfly today and after getting back to my desk and looking closer at the images I realized that the reflection of the Sun in its eyes produced large ...
uhoh's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
74 views

Has anyone yet figured out how sensory signals for eyes and ears are encoded by our organ into electrical signals? [closed]

The most obvious way to give sight to blind and hearing to deaf is to give them a replacement organ for these. In order to do that we would need to understand how our eyes and ears encode sensory ...
gyuunyuu's user avatar
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1 answer
761 views

How much percent of image does our eyes focus at any instant?

I learned in highschool that even thought we have a wide view, we only observe a tiny fraction of that view through our eyes. So at any instant we are not really looking at all the objects infront of ...
gfdsal's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
143 views

Why does our visible range not include infrared or UV radiation? [duplicate]

As the radiation peak of the sun is in the UV region and since at around room temperature materials emit radiation at IR, I wonder why our eyes are not capable of using these wavelengths. I guess ...
Ben's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Why does Cyan appear bluish rather than greenish, when the phototopic eye sensitivity is highest in green (and Cyan contains blue and green equally)?

Cyan contains blue and green equally. Phototopic eye sensitivity is highest in green. Why, then, does Cyan appear bluish to most of us, rather than greenish?
Ritesh Singh's user avatar
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Can the eye determine which type of defocus is presented to it?

I have a question regarding myopic and hyperopic defocus. My question is, is the eye able to determine which type of defocus is presented to it and if so what mechanisms allow it to distinguish ...
James's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the very hard sphere inside the eye of many common fish made of and how is it called?

Inside the eye of many common fish, like tuna, scad, snapper, actually probably all fish I have eaten, is a small sphere made of some very tough substance. This sphere is even hard to crush with teeth,...
lowtoxin's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
103 views

Why do the eyes of this cat have different colours when viewed from different angles?

Why do the eyes of this cat have different colours when viewed from different angles? Both of the eyes of this cat appear yellow when looking straight at the camera. However, when the cat looks at ...
trinitrotoluene's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
181 views

What happens to eyeball when you push your eye muscles harder? [closed]

I have myopia and I read that the rays of light intersect before the retina. When I can not see clearly I can push somehow my eye muscles and can see a bit clearly. The object gets clear but moves ...
Mercury's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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How does sleep prevent our eyes from drying out?

If we don't sleep for about 16 hours, our eyes start to get dry, and no amount of eye drops helps. You use eye drops and then you're dry 10 minutes later. However, after you've slept for 8 hours, your ...
Pavel Orekhov's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
306 views

What is the smallest visual unit perceptible to the human eye, like a pixel? (esp. in visual static)

If you close your eyes, you can often see visual static, where individual pixel-like things are much more visible than with the more smooth, crisp images one gets with open eyes. This led me to wonder ...
Somatic Custard's user avatar
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1 answer
202 views

Does the human eye’s field of view shrink when focusing on far away objects?

It seems like the lenses of the eye is like a fisheye lens that flattens out to a normal lens when looking at far away objects. Does that also mean that the field of view gets narrowed down as well? ...
user11937382's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
113 views

Vitamin A Deficiency

I have a quick question regarding Vitamin A deficiency. The photoreceptor molecules in both rods and cones have the same general structure which is retinal which is bound to a protein called opsin ...
James's user avatar
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