Questions tagged [genomics]

The study of genomes, the entire set of genes in an organism.

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0answers
343 views

RAD sequencing: choosing the appropriate enzyme?

I’m studying Darwin’s finches genome and I say in some articles that the researchers used restriction enzymes to cut the DNA in their double digest RAD protocol. They are using EcoRI and MseI (GAATTC ...
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384 views

Why are fifth order Markov Models, the ones most often used for gene prediction?

As far as we know that smallest polypeptide chain length is 60 amino acids - so if we found an Open Reading Frame (ORF) of about 60 codons without the interruption of stop codon we can consider it to ...
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Where can I find DNA Sequence data for colon cancer

I am a computer scientist studying pattern recognition, and I am hoping to do some supervised learning on colon cancer. Unfortunately, I'm having a heck of a time finding DNA data in the following ...
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In Sanger sequencing, why do we resort to cloning? Why doesn't PCR suffice?

I understand that in Sanger sequencing we can clone our fragments with the help of e.g. bacteria to make multiple copies of our fragments for further analysis. I also understand cloning can be a ...
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346 views

Function and expression of pseudogenes

Can pseudogenes be transcribed into mRNA and translated into functional proteins, or should they be regarded as functionless mutated genes?
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How much genomic variation one usually find within a given bacterial species?

If I find the exact starting position (say 1152471) of the coding sequence of a given gene in the genome of a bacterium, is the genome of the bacterium in general stable enough so that I can expect to ...
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How does one find the corresponding SNPs in the pair of chromonosmes in a FASTA file?

You might say I'm an amateur bioinformatician, or trying to become one. I have a BAM file, from which I have succeeded, using UGENE , in extracting consensus data in FASTA format. I now see a single ...
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30 views

Good model for comparative genomics in relation to temperature adaptation

Can anyone suggest any highly related bacterial or parasitic species which live at very distinct temperatures, which might be a good model for comparison of genomes in regard to temperature adaptation....
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53 views

Genome Sequencing [closed]

Is Genome sequencing used to determine the relationship between two species that are believed to have a common line of descent? How accurate is this method if so? Are there more accurate methods ...
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Walkthrough Illumina Genotyping

I would love help outlining a basic walkthrough of the wet-lab techniques for processing blood samples from patients, all the way to loading a BeadChip, to the part just before Next Generation ...
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1answer
417 views

What is meant by “the degree to which a gene is expressed” in an individual?

Here is an excerpt from a text that I was reading, Here is an example of microarray data. The idea is to take a group of different individuals and for each of them, you measure how much they do ...
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468 views

How can a sequence be downloaded from UCSC genome browser

If I have genome coordinates is there a simple way to download the entire intervening sequence from the UCSC genome browser? I found some fancy way of using ftp but I can't figure it out.
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how to find full mitochondrial genome of plants in GenBank?

I am searching for full mitochondrial genome of a species of Malvaceae family. To be more specific, I need the genus Corchorus. ...
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Do transposons usually jump from one chromosome to another?

If it is usual occurrence, does it mean that my one gene can change its location from one chromosome to another?
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A trivial question on the meaning of “relatives” in an article on horizontal gene transfer

Am I right in suggesting that by close relatives the author meant closely related species, or did he have individual organisms in mind? DETECTION OF HORIZONTAL GENE TRANSFER There are ...
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1answer
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What is pQTL and why do we need eQTL?

eQTLs are genomic loci that contribute to variation in expression levels of mRNAs (wikipedia). There is data out there that shows that ~60% of the time, the amount of mRNA in a cell is directly ...
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565 views

Definition of Phenotype

I'm not a biologist but, I'm trying to enter molecular biology from a perspective. I have noticed that concept of genotype is quite well defined while ...
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28 views

Are Protocadherin Gamma Cluster transcripts considered separate genes?

The PDCH@ cluster of genes share exons and are therefore isoforms of each other. However, they are considered separate genes, by both HUGO and Ensembl. A "gene" is defined as "a locus of co-...
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Are the number of base pairs in a given chromosome same between different individuals?

This is a basic question but I couldn't find an answer through a web search; hopefully this is the right place to ask. Is the number of base pairs in a particular chromosome the same in all ...
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1answer
112 views

Are dogs affected by dwarfism?

My husband and I noticed a dog today that looked like a smaller version of a purebred Border Collie, although it didn't appear to be a puppy. It made us wonder if other animal species experience ...
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997 views

IC50 calculation [closed]

I am a computer science student and I'm in an internship at a genomics and biotechnologies research institute. My current task is to calculate the IC50 and the EC50 given a set of data as a table. ...
3
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1answer
159 views

Sex biased gene expression in the X chromosome

It has been shown that the X chromosome is frequently enriched for female biased genes, and has a deficit of male biased genes. For example in this paper, and this one. However, I'm struggling to ...
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3k views

What are the programming languages important to learn for a geneticist or bioinformatician? [closed]

I am interested in learning more about both genomics and bioinformatics, with emphasis on genomics. I was told after taking an introductory course of genomics that the programming language "R" and "...
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80 views

Database of medically validated SNPs

I'm looking for all possible sources of clinically tested human SNPs. There is a handful of databases that store SNPs (like dbSNP), but I only need those that have validated presence/absence of ...
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270 views

Punnet Square for Genotype Probabilities

I'm a computational physicist by trade, and today I was working with a student that is coding a simulation that requires the interactions of different genotypes to determine which phenotype will be ...
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1answer
6k views

What is the difference between Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP), Mutation and Structural Variation(SV)?

This is a question which plagues many people and today I was wondering it myself while writing a grant. Indeed, I've seen many people use the terms interchangeably, but they are all very different ...
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1answer
391 views

What is the genomic position of HLA-B*1502 variation?

I've searched the position and SNP ID of HLA-B*1502 variation. However, I couldn't find that where this variant exactly located on genome or HLA-B gene.
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370 views

How many dinosaur genes are in a chicken genome?

I read recently that we can "work back" to a dinosaur by selectively turning off certain genes in chickens, and we were able to create a chicken with a snout instead of a beak. How many dinosaur ...
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90 views

Mathematical modelling of omics data [closed]

I'm interested in modelling host-pathogen interactions using mathematics. I know there are good resources in Pubmed but seems I'm looking for a book or introductory reviews. My background in maths is ...
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1answer
655 views

(Genetics) Is a silencer the same as gene silencing (heterochromatin)?

Is silencer the same as gene silencing? I know that gene silencing refers to those heterochromatin concentrated at the telomeres or centromere. It is also related to methylation. But what about a ...
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52 views

What does a read simulator do?

There are various software for simulating reads for Next Generation Sequencing. Can anyone tell what exactly is done by a read simulator software
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Comparative Genomics

Are orthologs and paralogs examples of conserved genes? Orthologs are the genes or DNA that is present in 2 different species, having once been present in a common ancestor. It comes about by a ...
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90 views

Solid mouse (C57BL/6) WT primers

I am trying to get a good pair (or better yet, library of pairs) of primers that give me one band in WT mice (C57BL/6). Do you know where I could find such a thing? Alternatively, I thought of just ...
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1answer
74 views

Understanding conclusions that functional regions are under negative selection?

I am reading in notes for a comparative annotation lecture that : all DNA is subject to mutations most functional regions are under negative selection (ie., mutations are often deleterious) The ...
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1answer
62 views

Finding confidence level of miRNA disease associations

I'm an undergraduate computer engineering student, and I have a project about bioinformatics. In this manner, I need to find prediction( or association I'm not sure the correct terminology) confidence ...
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Degree of dosage compensation in Drosophila melanogaster

In this paper the authors state that the dosage compensation seen in Drosophila is approximately twofold, but they do not provide any source or numbers (as far as I can see) for this. What is the mean ...
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76 views

EMBOSS matcher and supermatcher - incongruent results?

I am trying to align a sequence to the mouse genome. I know a priori that part of my sequence should align to chromosome 9, but not all of it. I gathered that EMBOSS' ...
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Why there are two rounds of cytosine de-methylation in mammalian development?

I assume that the key biological meaning of cytosine de-methylation during germline development in germline progenitor cells is to reset imprinted genes and then set methylation pattern on these genes ...
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1answer
34 views

Could the proteome of E. coli be fluorescently labelled?

What proportion of the total number of proteins in E. coli could be fluorescently labelled for PALM/STORM imaging?
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1answer
228 views

Whole genome sequence analysis software

Please help to choose Bioconductor R packages and other software for the whole genome sequence data analysis and, in particlular, the goals of false discovery mutation rate, mutations exclusion, ...
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64 views

Supercomputer and undergraduates [closed]

Is it common for an undergraduate to run their thesis (evolutionary genomics) in a supercomputer? In my country, few supercomputers exist, but I'm not sure how it is for bachelors in the US or Europe. ...
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1answer
77 views

RNAs arising from intergenic regions

Which type of RNA molecule is coded for in intergenic regions? I think it must be a non-coding RNA but I'm unsure which type.
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279 views

Publicly available resources for learning metagenomics

We are starting a metagenomics project in our research group to study microbiota in the respiratory tract. Since the are no books yet about metagenomics, seems reading some reviews and online ...
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3answers
1k views

How does high-fidelity of DNA replication depend on the formation of hydrogen bonds?

Replication has an error rate of less than 1 in 100 million. DNA polymerase forms H-bond with the H-bond acceptor atoms in the minor groove. <-- enhance fidelity here? Binding of the triphosphate ...
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1answer
47 views

Exon skipping in mammals

I've heard from several sources that the predominant form of alternative splicing (at least in mammals) is exon skipping. However, my personal evidence is only anecdotal: I've heard it and read it, ...
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Where can I upload non-human Genotype data?

I have genotype data from few chicken population and I want to (need to) upload them somewhere online with free access. I have searched the web but I haven't found any place for non-human genotype ...
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1answer
56 views

Is there an association between environmental and mutational robustness?

The robustness of a genotype is the ability of this genotype to resist (always produce the same phenotype) to various parameters such as mutations and environment. The ability of a genotype to resist ...
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1answer
478 views

How can I download a gene sequence from GenBank (NCBI)? [closed]

Could you tell me the steps to find and download a gene sequence from GeneBank? I would appreciate your help.
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4k views

What's the longest transcript known?

What's the longest functional transcript known? I'm wondering about RNA length post splicing, so not including introns.
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Genome-wide methylation analysis: sources of technical error?

We are doing a genome-wide analysis of methylation via bisulfite sequencing for an insect species. Previous experimental techniques have suggested the presence of methylation in this organism, ...