Questions tagged [hematology]

The study of blood, the blood-forming organs, along with blood diseases and their treatment.

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127 views

What do bloodsucking animals actually feed on?

A number of animals, including mosquitos, leeches, ticks and so on, feed on blood. And yet, at least in mammals, most stored nutrients can be found in body fat as fat, muscles and liver as glycogen ...
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Iron deficiency anemia [duplicate]

It is said that iron deficiency anemia is characterised by microcytic-hypochromic RBCs. I would like to ask how iron deficiency causes decrease in the volume of RBCs? If the volume is decreasing ...
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What is the difference between regular blood, a woman's and a virgin's menstrual blood?

There are many stories that blood contains the life-force energy and specifically menstrual (period) blood has always been a feature of many rituals and some ancient Sumerian tablets mentioned that ...
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How does the composition of blood cell types in human blood change during our lifetimes?

I was reading the paper Age-related accrual of methylomic variability is linked to fundamental ageing mechanisms. There they do additional checks to see that their results are not due to differing ...
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Is Hemoglobin binding to oxygen the same as Adsorption

I have recently been reading about Hemoglobin and came across how it binds to oxygen. This seems very similar to Adsorption. Is the process of Hemoglobin binding to oxygen through Adsorption ?
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What is the reason for 'microcytic' anaemia?

I know the causes for microcytic anaemia are Fe deficiency, prolonged inflammation, Thalessemia, Sideroblastic etc. All these logically point to a decrease in Haemoglobin synthesis - either Haeme or ...
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Why do mammalian red blood cells lack a nucleus?

How did the red blood cell in humans get to lose its nucleus (and other organelles)? Does the bone marrow just not put the nucleus in, or is it stripped out at some stage in the construction of the ...
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why does blood when oxidized over time become bluish green?

Oxygenated blood is bright red and deoxygenated blood is dark red or brown. If you take oxygenated blood and leave it in the air it will turn dark red, then brown, then finally a bluish green from ...
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342 views

Does Goryaev's chamber have the same grid layout as the conventional counting chamber used in the West?

I'm translating a Russian biotec text where some cell counting operations are mentioned. The piece of equipment the authors mention in this context is "Goryaev's chamber" (камера Горяева): We ...
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How are antibodies extracted from donor blood?

When blood is donated, the antibodies within it are extracted, but how exactly do they do it? How do they take out the antibodies within the blood, what process do they go through?
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What is a normal healthy amount of Titratable acid in a person's blood?

A person's normal pH for arterial blood is 7.41 and venous blood is 7.36. But I am curious to what is a normal amount of Titratable Acid in someone's blood?
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Why ml scale blood retrieval is required to run a blood test?

Substances found in blood are present at microscopic scale and tend to be invisible to the unaided eye. Why is a whole vial of blood (at ml scale) is required to assess the presence and concentration ...
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How does aspirin “thin” blood?

As we all know, aspirin doesn't actually thin the blood, as it has been explained to me, it makes it "slippery". Slippery blood doesn't stick to itself hence this helps prevent internal blood clots (...
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Does capillary blood pressure have any effect on how much oxygen or nutrient gets distributed to tissues?

From what I have read regarding blood pressure and blood flow, I've come to the conclusion that, apart from the osmolarity of blood, the only determinant of how much oxygen/nutrients the tissues get ...
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What are the blood groups for human beings?

Human blood groups are of 4 types with negative and positive of each types (Wikipedia). But according to this forum thread there are some other types too: A+,A-,B+,B-,O+,O-,AB+,AB-,A1+,A1-,A2+,A2-,...
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Does blood typing still provide a use for ancient tissue analysis?

Modern techniques. In recent years, DNA sequencing has become extremely cheap. This, compounded by the ability to PCR miniscule samples to viable samples for analysis, means that aDNA can be ...
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Do our blood vessels exude chemicals?

I watched a youtube video explaining how mosquitoes detect our blood vessels through "chemicals that our blood vessels exude naturally" I was wondering if it's true that our blood vessels exude any ...
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Why do people have antibodies against other blood types?

The ABO blood type divides each blood type according to whether they have the "A" and "B" antigen(s) (AB has both, O has none). People also have antibodies against the antigens they don't have (AB has ...
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Diffusion coefficient of cells in blood?

What's the diffusion coefficient of white cells in blood? Is it well defined, or are cells too large and few as to be treated as particles in this context? P.S. I have tried to look this up, but what ...
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Why do men have a higher hematocrit (red blood cell count) than women?

The hematocrit, also known as packed cell volume (PCV) or erythrocyte volume fraction (EVF), is the volume percentage (%) of red blood cells in blood. It is normally 45% for men and 40% for women. so,...
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Is it possible to transfer acquired hemophilia with breast milk?

There is a transplacental form of acquired hemophilia: http://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3476%2895%2970132-X/abstract This disease is caused by polyclonal immunoglobulins (IgG1 and IgG4) against the ...
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797 views

What Effect would Cannabinoids have on the Acute Porphyrias?

I should be clear in saying that this question is NOT intended for personal medical advice. Rather what I am looking for is journal articles and/or books that touch on this subject because I think it ...
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Why I cannot find dendritic cells in blood smear?

According to many sources including wikipedia, there are haematopoietic stem cell derived dendritic cells in the blood. figure 1 - haematopoietic cell lines - ref Despite of this, when I examine a ...
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Blood antigens and immune response

In my textbook, the definition of an antigen is written as follows: Antigen: A substance that the body recognises as foreign and that can evoke an immune response The following image also confused ...
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Would a vial of anticoagulated, warm blood attract mosquitoes?

Would mosquitoes feed on free blood as an easy source of nutrients? They home in on veins by means of infrared light (heat detection). Also, blood needs to be in liquid form. So would they feed on ...
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Is H antigen considered as an agglutinogen?

A and B antigens which have the potential to cause agglutination in certain cases are called agglutinogens. But, as far as I know, H antigen cannot give rise to agglutination. So can it be said that H ...
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Do other animals have similar blood types to humans? [duplicate]

I am interested to know if there are any animals having blood groups similar to human blood groups? Is it possible to transfuse blood between humans and those animals?
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What is effect of sperm in blood?

Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Clostridium perfringens all produce hyaluronidase. Each of these bacteria are pathogens (use hyaluronidase as a virulence factor to destroy the ...
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Could You Boil Water from Blood? [closed]

According to Wikipedia... About 55% of blood is blood plasma, a fluid that is the blood's liquid medium, which by itself is straw-yellow in color. The blood plasma volume totals of 2.7–3.0 ...
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970 views

Identifying an Unknown Blood Type [closed]

The following case study has a student working with blood samples to identify their blood types (A, B, AB, and O). Consider the situation and answer the questions. A student is given eight ...
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What is the oxygen carrying capacity of reticulocytes?

What is the oxygen carrying capacity of immature red blood cells, or reticulocytes? Is there any difference between oxygen carrying capacity of mature and immature red blood cells?
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When there's a wound, the end result is a thrombus or thrombosis?

When there's a wound, the blood vessels are damaged. To stop the loss of blood, the clotting cascade starts off and forms a clot. This clot is a thrombus, right? Seems like perfect physiology. Where ...
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HSC Cycling Rates

I would like to know how often human hematopoietic stem cells go into cycle in the bone marrow niche (with a paper reference). I have heard they cycle 1-2 times per year but has anyone robustly ...
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Cis-AB phenotype verification

I know that my blood type is AB. I wanted to know if I am cis-AB since cis-AB seems to have a different approach in blood transfusion. Is there a lab test that can verify is a person is under cis-AB ...
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Why does ESR have to be waited for one hour?

It is said that the length of the column of clear plasma in a narrow tube left by erythrocytes which gradually sediments after one hour is the measure of ESR(erythrocyte sedimentation rate). Its ...
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How does protein enter bloodstream?

If a hemophiliac patient injects his factor 8 through the veins directly into the bloodstream to provide the body with clotting factor... Why don't they just make the drug as a pill and have the liver ...
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Blood sampling at home

I want to collect small blood samples at regular intervals (e.g. every 8 hours or more often) over a longer period (weeks to months). To avoid having to go to a lab or doctor to have this done, I want ...
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Who and when was the first human diagnosed with hemophilia, or considered a carrier?

The earliest case I can find is Queen Victoria of England, who ruled from 1837-1901. Is this the first hemophilia case on record?
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Are erythrocytes lysed during alpha hemolysis?

Wikipedia says: When alpha hemolysis (α-hemolysis) is present, the agar under the colony is dark and greenish. Streptococcus pneumoniae and a group of oral streptococci (Streptococcus viridans or ...
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How much is local blood non-Newtonian in Pathophysiology?

I am studying the Barus effect / Merrington effect / die swell / extrudate swell, which is a characteristic of non-Newtonian viscoelastic liquids (Introduction to the phenomenon in this video) i.e. ...
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Could drugs promoting angiogenesis be used as a treatment for burn victims?

From what I've learned from my textbooks and in class lecutures it seems that inducing angiogenesis for people with severe burns would be an excellent way to speed up the healing process. Is this ...
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Blood draw from the elderly or those with tiny veins

A lot of people have very small veins making it next to impossible to draw blood. Would a nitroglycerin tablet (or some other vasodilator) before drawing blood help to enlarge veins?
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Why are red blood cells considered to be cells?

Wikipedia states that a cell is the basic structural, functional and biological unit of all known living organisms. Cells are the smallest unit of life that can replicate independently. It then ...
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Proteases in the blood

I’m reading on hormones and the book talks about how peptide or amine hormones are easily broken down by proteases present in the blood plasma. This has led me to question the interactions between ...
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Wheatgrass in thalassaemia

In local newspapers there was a not so recent story about wheatgrass juice being "curative" in thalassaemia. Although I do not take the article at face value, it would be enlightening to know if there ...
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Possible genotypes for blood types?

If I am blood type B, what are all the possible genotypes that could be expressed by my parents? I think it might be 16 but I was reading online and saw this: Similarly, someone who is blood type ...
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What magnification do I need to see blood cells?

If I want to buy a microscope for my kids to be able to view single celled creatures and blood cells, about what magnification is required? A Celestron Pentaview digital scope claims up to 600×. Is ...
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Why does blood come from mouth when people are shot in the chest area?

In almost every movie scene when a character is shot in the chest area, some blood comes from his mouth or sometimes even coughs blood before he dies. Are these kind of scenes realistic/possible? If ...
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What Effect Does Skin Redness Have On Underlying Tissue?

When someone applies a rubefacient ( something that increases blood flow to the skin, turning it red), what effect does this have on the underlying tissue? Is blood supply increased radially from ...