Questions tagged [hiv]

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a single-stranded RNA virus which reproduces in human CD4-positive cells, which are primarily T-helper lymphocytes and macrophages. HIV is the causative pathogen of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).

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15
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3answers
1k views

How does a person get AIDS?

I am inquisitive to know about how a person contracts AIDS. Among the common masses it's still the belief that having sex with multiple partners causes the disease but that is not the case when read ...
96
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2answers
12k views

Can HIV be transmitted via mosquitos?

It is known that HIV is usually transmitted by direct blood or body fluid contact between an infected individual and a healthy person (like blood transfusion or needle sharing): Suppose a mosquito ...
8
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2answers
308 views

HIV Rapid Tests

The hiv antigens that are used in the oral rapid tests, are they infectious? The tests do not contain any actual virus but I am curious if the antigens themselves could somehow create the virus on ...
2
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5answers
7k views

How does HIV mutate into other strains while keeping their virulent phenotype?

How does a virus like HIV mutate into so many strains, and yet all of them are harmful to our immune system? What gives this virus the ability to mutate so efficiently?
11
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2answers
5k views

Why is an HIV infection considered “incurable”?

My biology teacher told me that if one caught HIV, they cannot be cured because it was near to impossible to be completely virus-free. She said this was because HIV keeps on changing its glycoprotein ...
16
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1answer
628 views

How does herpes (HSV) infection suppress HIV?

HIV compromises the human body to defend against infection. Yet people who are infected with herpes are at less risk of developing AIDS. How does this work?
2
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1answer
97 views

What advantages could there be for using the unseen variant chosen by He Jiankui instead of the naturally occurring CCR5-∆ 32 mutation?

Jennifer Doudna mentioned in https://youtu.be/9Yblg9wDHZA?t=2566 on 2019-02-21 that He Jiankui introduced an unseen variant of the CCR5 gene when gene editing the twin humans Lulu and Nana. What ...
2
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1answer
242 views

An alternate cure for AIDS?

Is is possible to cure AIDS patients by using white blood cells of blood cancer, by fooling HIV to attack a false target? Is it possible to wrap HIV in a physical boundary, such that it has no ...
1
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1answer
165 views

CD4+ as Monocytes cell surface receptors

Today in class, our teacher was discussing about the pathogenecity of the HIV virus. He said that the binding between HIV virus and macrophages is done by the interaction between the GP120 of the ...