Questions tagged [hiv]

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a single-stranded RNA virus which reproduces in human CD4-positive cells, which are primarily T-helper lymphocytes and macrophages. HIV is the causative pathogen of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).

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Do we know that PrEP actually prevents infection, rather than masking it?

Pre-exposure prophylactic treatment (PrEP) for HIV is commonly said to reduce infection rates by more than 75%. Similar treatments for already-infected patient treatments do not cure HIV, but reduce ...
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Can HIV mutate to become airborne?

HIV has a very high mutation rate due to its inability to correct errors in DNA replication and it is very adaptable to its environment. Hence I wonder whether is it possible for it to mutate such ...
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HIV and open reading frames

In Wilk et al. 2001 I saw that HIV has 3 open reading frames. In the Watts et al. 2009, I noticed they mentioned HIV has 9 open reading frames. I don't understand this very well. e.g. ...
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why hiv genome not attacked by lysosome in macrophage

HIV cells lifecycle in macrophages suggests the early phase with naked genome entering the macrophage along with reverse trancriptase enzyme. i am thinking that macrophages are abundant with lysosomes ...
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T lymphocytes and HIV-AIDS

in studying maturation of lymphocytes into two different types-T LYMPHOCYTES and B LYMPHOCYTES. it is mentioned that if a lymphocyte matures in thymus gland it becomes T LYMPHOCYTE and becomes B ...
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Can HIV be automatically cured by waiting until CD4 T cells count drop to 0?

As I know, HIV needs host cell, CD4 T cell to repicate itself, and at late stage of AIDS, count of this cell in patient will drop to 0, my question is, if we can provide a sterilised environment for ...
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204 views

Engineered CD8 T-cell therapy for HIV infection

CD8 T-cells are effective in controlling HIV during the early phase of the infection. However by the time, the virus mutates and develops an evasion mechanism against CD8 T-cells. Since cancer cells ...
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In HIV-1, what produces Tat?

The Trans-activator of transcription (Tat) plays a crucial role in regulating the transcription process of HIV-1. But which state of the Long Terminal Repeat (LTR) produces Tat? Is it the "...
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Which cells are prefered by the HIV virus to establish an infection?

We always read that HIV infects CD4 cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells. However, is it a common event for HIV to infect non-immune cells within a host? If not, why? And also if not, why are ...