Questions tagged [homework]

This tag indicates that the question is likely based on a home assignment in biology-related university or high school courses or is about an elementary concept that may seem trivial to biology professionals. Please see the homework policy on meta before asking homework questions.

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How much oxygen is released by Hemoglobin per 100ml blood

Question Red blood cells carry oxygen from lungs to the whole body. The percent saturation of hemoglobin with oxygen depends on the partial pressure of oxygen. Higher partial pressure of oxygen means ...
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Help with chromosome nomenclature: autosomal vs somatic and germ cells vs allosomes [closed]

So here is what I thought: Cells can be split into these two groups: Somatic cells and germ cells/gametes Somatic cells are every kind of cell a multicellular, sexually reproducing species has, except ...
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1answer
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Number of homozygous recessive offspring

A question from the KVPY-SX examination, organised by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru, India, held on 3rd November, 2019. A plant heterozygous for height and flower colour (TtRr) ...
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1answer
101 views

Understanding Contig NG50

My goal is to do a de novo assembly of a jellyfish. At the moment I'm busy checking papers that did de novo assemblies but I also got some jellyfish papers Then I stumbled accross this: Contig NG50 ...
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Why bananas exposed in UVC light turn brown afterwards?

We have this research, where we test if our germicidal disinfection box is working and is functional by doing the banana test, where we expose the green banana to UVC and if the exposed peel turns ...
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2answers
86 views

How can we know which alleles are together on a chromosome?

This illustration says that if the two homozygotes pr+ pr+ vg+ vg+ and pr pr vg vg are crossed to produce a heterozygous offspring (pr+ pr vg+ vg), then: this cross gives us exactly what we need to ...
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1answer
116 views

What is the map unit between the genes?

While doing some biology I came across this question: The following tables present results of plant crosses involving two linked genes: S is a seed-color gene, and L is a plant-height gene. Each gene ...
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1answer
55 views

renal portal system

I am a high school student. In my textbook it is written that Mammals don't have renal portal system because they have four chambered heart. I understand that the four chambered heart keeps the ...
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1answer
57 views

Check simple human fetus answers

Based on this image and questions, could someone please check my answers? Question 1: At which one of the following points will the blood passing the point be more oxygenated after birth than before ...
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1answer
60 views

What is the thickness of the membrane if only alpha helixes are embedded of a transmembrane protien?

Given is the representation of a transmembrane protein. Calculate the thickness of the membrane if only alpha helixes are embedded in it. One turn = 5.4Å Please read: The reason I didn't submit my ...
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1answer
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Confusion about how to compute probabilities for linked genes

I am confused about how to compute probabilities for linked genes. The problem that I am solving is this: P generation: AAbbddEEff X aaBBDDeeFF. If A and B are 40 centimorgan apart, what is the ...
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1answer
86 views

How deep underwater could you breathe using a tube which breaks the surface until the water pressure makes it impossible to inhale air?

I'm struggling with a question asking how deep you can breathe underwater using a hollow reed before the water pressure makes it impossible to inhale. The question asked to use this data of maximal ...
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2answers
122 views

Why do genes, encoding the same proteins and in the same conditions, have different expression?

Is it possible that two genes, which come from two different cell cultures and which encodes the same protein, produces different quantity of mRNA? If yes, why? My question comes from the fact that I ...
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1answer
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Am I reading this respirometer correctly?

I want to double check that I'm reading these respirometer vials correctly. The volume O2 of the following vials should be: Squirrels in Torpor: E1: 0.4 E2: 5.0 E3: 0.3 E4: 5.1 E5: 0.4 E6: 0 Squirrles ...
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1answer
49 views

exercise of gene linkage in genetics

Could you help me solve this problem: AAbbCC is crossed with aaBBcc and the offspring re-crossed with aabbcc. Considering that A and B are linked and their distance is 12 mapping units, while the gene ...
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1answer
107 views

Get “DNA” of one parent based on its children [closed]

I'm no biology expert so bear with me, but I've been given a task to estimate alleles of an animal based on the animal's children and the children's other parents. I've looked up Mendel's laws but I'm ...
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43 views

3 primers to know if Homozygous, Heterozygous or WT

In this imaginary experiment, I am using T-DNA to make an insertional mutagenesis that will get randomly inserted into the DNA where it might get inserted within a gene, disrupting it. In order to get ...
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2answers
56 views

Cystic Fibrosis Genetic Risk Determination

Let's say Jane has Cystic Fibrosis and we know her brother doesn't. What are the chances of her brother's future child having CF? (The chances of Cystic Fibrosis in the general population can be taken ...
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46 views

What are the advantages of long read sequencing for cancer oncogenomic research?

Currently I am using whole genome nanopore sequencing, Illumina short read and 10x linked read to study oncogenesis mechanisms of certain types of rare cancer. I am wondering about the advantages of ...
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1answer
60 views

Should I consider one or two DNA chains to find how many nucleotides are in a gene?

I am trying to solve an exercise. How many nucleotides does a gene contain if information about 287 amino acids is encoded in it? What is the molecular mass and length of this gene? AFAIK, I have to ...
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76 views

Which condition is most likely to cause a buildup of materials in the lysosome?

Stated below, I must answer a question related to lysosomes. I am unsure of the answer, and have explained my reasoning after the question. Lysosomes contain hydrolytic enzymes that derive from the ...
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1answer
180 views

Primary function of cell wall is [closed]

A. Controlling volume B. Providing shape C. It's selective permeability D. Protection against bursting To me, all the given options seem correct except C. A and D are correct when the cell is placed ...
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1answer
180 views

A mutation question from the Indian National Biology Olympiad

DNA was isolated from wild type (Gal+) and mutant (Gal-) E. coli cells and separated by density gradient centrifugation technique. DNA from Gal- strain acquired a lower position. This indicates that ...
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Question regarding genetic variance and heritability

According to early studies (performed by Wright) on guinea pig coat color, the total variance in a randomly mating strain was 0.573. The variance in an inbred strain was 0.340. From correlations ...
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2answers
62 views

Next Generation Sequencing False Negative [closed]

In Variant Detection, RNA-sequencing, and ChIP-sequencing, we showed how we matching, or aligning, short NGS reads to the genome, and then make inference using the reads which aggregate or "pile ...
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Help identifying a part of a flower

I researched about floral diagrams and this is what I found:- This is floral diagram of Theobroma cacao. I managed to identify others but this part near the stamens was not found anywhere. Also the ...
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1answer
47 views

bunsen vs meker for best sterile field [closed]

I need one bunsen and i have a friend that sells me a bunsen-meker burner. I see that bunsen-meker burners have more flame diameter, so should have more diameter of sterile field, but i dont know XD ...
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1answer
169 views

Is this question about limiting factors answerable?

This is from a Singapore-Cambridge GCE O-level Biology exam (a national exam for 16-year-olds). The exam board maintains that the question is "correct and accurate"—but isn't there a typo in ...
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How do I calculate amount of nutrients retained/excreted in fish?

In preparation for my exam in fisheries and aquaculture, I looked through last years exam (with an answer sheet) and stumbled upon this multiple-choice question that I can't figure out how to solve. ...
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2answers
28 views

Action potential attenuation in unmyelinated axons vs demyelinated axons

I learnt that action potentials travel much faster along myelinated axons, and when these axons are demyelinated the action potentials travel much slower and sometimes die out. Why do action ...
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0answers
57 views

my way of solving the biology question

Pure-breeding tall and pure-breeding short pea plants in the P generation were crossed as shown below. Based on the diagram below, one can assume that a)short plant height is the dominant trait. b)...
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2answers
99 views

VPg priming of the replication of RNA viruses

I'm doing a presentation on the replication of SARS-CoV-2 for my chemistry class, and I found that to replicate its RNA, the virus uses RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, which is primed by a VPg primer. ...
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1answer
306 views

What’s the Difference Between Grass and Sedge?

What’s the difference between grasses and sedges? in terms of anatomy and classification.
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3answers
133 views

Vectors for genetic engineering

Well can a bacterium be used as a vector?I have learnt that Agrobacterium tumifacian can be used to deliver a gene of interest in plant cells but on a book in a multiple choice question it says that ...
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2answers
635 views

Stem and Branch of plants

What is the difference between the stem of a plant and the branch of a plant. Is the branch part of the stem?
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1answer
166 views

why does translation occur more frequently than transcription?

In our textbook it says that translation occurs more in a cell than transcription but I couldn't find anything that explains why it happens
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1answer
55 views

Are stroma lamellum and grannum lamellum the same?

I have a picture in my textbook that is confusing me as to how they are different.I tried looking for some info on the internet, but could'nt get it clear.Please help me.
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1answer
50 views

RFLP Pedigree question

A relatively frequent, completely penetrant recessive disease variety of mutations in the gene. The gene has been recently cloned. Analysis of the region flanking the gene reveals that the population ...
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1answer
113 views

Pedigree - Dealing With Unknown Parent Genotypes

I'm dealing with a pedigree problem, and I'm having some trouble dealing with problems of unknown parental genotypes (where there are multiple possibilities). This is not a homework question; it's an ...
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1answer
286 views

Design primers for PCR from given DNA sequence

Given the sequence: 5’-ACTGACTATGTAGAA………GGCCCTAAGGGCCAA-3’ (1) You wish to do PCR of this dsDNA to add “overhangs” on the ends of it. On the 5’ end of you will put the restriction site for ...
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1answer
147 views

Why is Ibuprofen contraindicated in asthma patients?

So yesterday a patient showed up at the clinic with a massive swelling in his left face region. Upon examination it was found to be due to infected first premolar. Dentist recommended him to get the ...
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1answer
122 views

Are hormones antigenic?

I have been asked whether hormones are antigenic. I would have to think that the answer is no because they are used as various drugs such as FSH in infertility treatments without the need of ...
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0answers
60 views

Nitrogen deficiency and chloroplast function

Q. The formation of which of the following in the chloroplast is affected by a deficiency in nitrogen? (a) Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (b) Starch (c) Enzymes (d) Carbohydrates My thoughts: Nitrogen ...
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0answers
49 views

What is the need of mucilagenous coating in pollen grains of aquatic plants?

I'm a high school student from India and here in our prescribed biology book(NCERT), it is written that pollen grains of aquatic plants have a mucilagenous coating to protect them from wetting. My ...
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1answer
997 views

Which type of test tube should not be used for blood collection?

The following question is presented in my biology textbook: You are required to draw blood from patient and keep it in a test tube for analysis of blood corpuscles and plasma. You are provided with ...
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1answer
62 views

Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

Q:Photosynthesis in C4 plants is relatively less limited by atmospheric CO2 levels because: 1) Four carbon acids are the primary initial CO2 fixation products 2) the primary fixation of CO2 is ...
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60 views

Why do individuals vary in the number of SNPs for a given gene ( e.g. FOXO3A )?

Individual #1, sequenced by 23andMe and then inputed into Promethease for SNP data has the following SNP output: 1) rs1935949(C;T) 2) rs2802292(G;T) 3) rs13217795(C;T) 4) rs13220810(C;T) 5) rs2764264(...
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1answer
68 views

What is the effect of self envenomation on reptiles? [closed]

If a venomous lizard bites its own tongue will it die? I've searched the whole internet and I am unable to find a reliable answer on self envenomation.
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45 views

Does food grade diatomaceous earth contain mercury

Not sure if this is the right site to ask this question, but since diatomes are or once were biological creatures it seemed to fit this one more than any of the others. I have been supplementing my ...

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