Questions tagged [human-anatomy]

This tag is for questions about the general anatomical features of human beings as opposed to the anatomy of non-human animals.

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12 views

Does any tendon in humans receive a high amount of blood supply? Or is the property of not receiving a large blood supply a constant across tendons?

I read on https://www.physiocomestoyou.co.uk/blog/all-you-need-to-know-about-tendons/ (mirror): [Tendons] do not have a large blood supply. Does any tendon in the human body receive a high amount of ...
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What is more beneficial? [closed]

Which is more healthier/beneficial for the male body being circumcised or uncircumcised? What are the pros/cons for each?
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Eye clicks like a bottlecap? [closed]

My eyes each click like a bottlecap when I push on it. Feels like cartilage moving, maybe? Here's a video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nKHLCUm7fc4 Anybody know what it is? (And how likely it is ...
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34 views

Animal species anatomy [closed]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal Do all animal species have two lungs and two kidneys similar to human beings?
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Is there empty space left in the skull after the second set of human teeth grow out? What happens to it? [duplicate]

Reading about teeth on this website, I came across this link and picture of a human child skull, where we can see how both sets of teeth are placed. It made me wonder: after the second set of teeth ...
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1answer
52 views

Can a hinge joint technically allow rotatory motion?

Let's use a hinge joint and pivot joint as examples. When talking about the difference between them in terms of movements permitted, I see that on any websites and textbooks, the term 'rotation' is ...
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Is there any ethnicity difference in average pupil size?

I have seen some articles claim African Americans have smaller average pupils than whites while Asians have larger pupils. Is it true? link: Y. Li, D. Huang; Pupil Size and Iris Thickness Difference ...
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Do patella bones form in people born with the inability to walk?

The patella is a sesamoid bone that typically doesn't completely form and ossify until ~3-6 years of age (e.g., Source). My long-standing understanding (supported by a claim in Saladin's college A&...
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Is the diaphragm made of two muscles?

Is there a 'crural' and 'costal' parts of the diaphragm as suggested in this paper or is it just a single muscle?
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How do Human Skin Creases Vary?

I am studying human gross anatomy in order to produce an anatomically correct CGI model of the human body. As part of this, I'm attempting to understand the different features that define the ...
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1answer
38 views

Why proprioceptive fibres (of CN V) have their cell bodies in mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus?

It's seen that GSA (General Somatic Afferent) fibres (of CN V) have their cell bodies in trigeminal ganglion. But the proprioceptive fibres' peripheral processes terminate at mesencephalic trigeminal ...
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1answer
22 views

Pectoralis muscles as push muscles vs pull muscles

Pectoralis muscles are the adductors, flexors of arm in addition to medial rotators of arm. How does this action translate in to acting as helping in push ups or in bench press? I am having trouble ...
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Clarification for the anatomical terminology of the cerebellum

I've been trying to find descriptions for some of the fissures found on the inferior surface of the cerebellum, and so far the only source I've been able to find that provides an adequate description ...
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Phantom Limb | Is that even possible?

I am fascinated by the fact that an amputee can control their robotic arm by thinking of the actions they would normally execute when the limb was present. The mind sends signals to the nerve endings ...
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Repartition of tendon sheaths in humans

As a medical student I have been taught that tendon sheaths are found predominantly in the wrists, hands and ankles. However, I learned recently that tenosynovitis often affect the biceps brachii. It ...
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Can the eye determine which type of defocus is presented to it?

I have a question regarding myopic and hyperopic defocus. My question is, is the eye able to determine which type of defocus is presented to it and if so what mechanisms allow it to distinguish ...
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1answer
3k views

Why are the pulmonary vein and artery not like the rest of circulatory system?

I'm learning anatomy. What I learnt is that we have arteries that have oxygenated blood which appears red in color, and branch blood to arterioles to deliver blood to cells via capillaries from where ...
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1answer
48 views

is there a limit to how much humans can taste?

kind of a weird question, sorry, but i was wondering--is there a threshold at which our taste buds become overwhelmed? if i, say, put some supersweet compound in my mouth, would there be a point at ...
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1answer
90 views

Can the human eye axial length decrease?

I just have a quick question regarding the axial length of the eyeball. I understand that the axial length of the eyeball grows up until your around 20 years of age which is why hypermetropia ...
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What's the difference between the terms “muscle” and “muscle organ”?

FMA distinguishes between Muscle organ and Muscle. What's the difference between the two?
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1answer
56 views

Can the shoulder bones grow after the growth plates have fused?

Body builders have broad shoulders. If one start lifting weights after one's growth plates have fused, can one still increase the width of one's shoulders? If yes, does that mean shoulder bones can ...
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46 views

Where can I find anthropometric data for different ethnicities?

I get that this is a sensitive topic, but please trust me, the very reason I'm asking is because I want to represent a people properly. There's a video game where peoples of different ethnic ...
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Why are the retina layers arranged the way they are? [duplicate]

The retina layers are arranged in such a way that light has to pass through several layers before hitting the photosensitive cells. Won't this be much better if the photosensitive cells made up the ...
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2answers
62 views

If black absorbs light, then why did Africans evolve black skin? Wouldn't that make the heat worse? [duplicate]

Wouldn't it have been more adaptive to develop light skin and so reflect incoming light?
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Profile of a human foot

I am not sure if this is the right place to ask this question, so please let me know in case it is not. My question is just out of curiosity. What is the reason for curved human foot profile? First ...
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1answer
90 views

What is the function of epiglottis?

The last time I came across this question was when I was in high school. And the explanation I was given is that epiglottis works like a valve, it prevents foods from getting into the windpipe. Still, ...
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1answer
67 views

Why do humans have flat faces, as compared to chimps?

Apparently adult, particularly older human faces resemble infantile chimps more tham they resemble any other adult hominid. And adult humans even have as many body hair follicles as infantile chimps. ...
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1answer
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Is the 6th rib attached to 7th rib, and 7th rib to 8th?

I'm just confused between a lot of pics that draw the thoracic cage in their way. what are these white things that I've shown? or why the 7th rib is attached to the 8th?
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Why do arteries have a small lumen? [closed]

My biology textbook says that arteries have a small lumen relative to the thickness of their walls. I understand why they need thick walls, to withstand high pressure and stretch etc. But when ...
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Is superior surface of bladder covered with visceral peritoneum OR parietal peritoneum?

As above. I am confused about the definitions here. Is it the case that every time the peritoneum touches an organ it becomes visceral peritoneum?
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2answers
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Are “sympathetic nerves” the same as “cardiopulmonary splanchnic” nerves?

I've gathered from a number of sources (e.g., Patel (2015), Wikipedia, and here) that the sympathetic nerves leaving the sympathetic trunk to innervate the heart and lungs are called "cardiopulmonary ...
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1answer
67 views

Why is a penis an organ?

According to Wikipedia an "An organ is a group of tissues with similar functions". I don't know anything about anatomy but it doesn't seem to me that a penis can be delimited somewhere to form a "...
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1answer
38 views

How can a joint extend or flex?

The idea of a joint flexing or extending doesn't make sense to me, I can see how a leg or an arm might extend or flex but how does a joint extend or flex ? "The hip joint is most stable when it is ...
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Why doesn't the spinal cord get thicker the further up we go?

The cervical and lumbar enlargements exist on the spinal cord as a result of the increased nerve input/output required for the arms and legs respectively. However, I don't understand how the ...
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1answer
98 views

Is the human iris concave or convex?

Most drawing and 3D modeling tutorials show the iris to be concave. But all the diagrams I Googled show the iris is at best flat, otherwise even a little convex (discounting the optical distortion in ...
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1answer
73 views

Why is the thyroid gland in the neck?

The neck seems like an odd place for it. All other neck anatomy must interface between the head and abdomen (trachea, esophagus, circulation, spine etc). Surprisingly I have not been able to find ...
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32 views

Origins of the body mechanics theory

In physical therapy and occasionally in sports coaching, there's often a precise description of the mechanics of what happens during the movement (which muscles are engaged, which joint moves where ...
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1answer
88 views

Is the backward positioning of photoreceptors bad design?

(Several questions have been asked about this topic but most are quite old and there has been at least one study since then that has attempted to answer this in a new way) Since photoreceptors are ...
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1answer
86 views

Genes associated with human female breast size

What are the genes associated with female breast size and natural variation thereof in human beings?
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280 views

What are the differences between internal organs between sub-saharan Africans and Northern Europeans

Lets take as examples a typical Norwegian and a typical Nigerian. In terms of human anatonomy the outer differences are more obvious e.g. (on average) White skin vs dark skin Pointy nose vs broad ...
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1answer
38 views

Does cartilage connect to other cartilage?

In the definition of a Ligament in Oxford states: A short band of tough, flexible fibrous connective tissue which connects two bones or cartilages or holds together a joint. the wording of "two" ...
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1answer
86 views

True anatomical/physiological explanation for “metaphysis” etymology

The anatomy textbook1 I use for my students states that the prefix meta- means "between:" The metaphyses (me-TAF-i-sez; meta = between; singular is metaphysis) are the regions between the diaphysis ...
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1answer
59 views

Why is there disagreement on the number of surfaces of the human heart?

I am finding that some state that there are 5 and some that say that there are 3. For example, "Cardiology: An Integrated Approach" that was published in 2018 states that There are 3 surfaces of ...
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20 views

What's the function of vitelline circulation in human embryo?

Why do we need a vitelline circulation if we already develop a placenta to gather all the nutrients we need? Is it an evolutionary remain?
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34 views

How much blood do we have when the heart first starts to beat?

How much blood do we have when the heart beats for the first time? It should be between the third and fourth week of embryonic life.
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22 views

Reflex muscular activity in three months old fetus

At the end of the third month, reflex activity can be evoked in aborted fetuses, indicating muscular activity This quote is from Langman's Medical Embriology. Have I misunderstood it or it is ...
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1answer
196 views

What does lymph actually look like?

I have scoured Google and a number of my anatomy textbooks for a picture of lymph. However, I cannot find any such photo (or video) showing its actual appearance. Can someone provide a reputable ...
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1answer
81 views

Why does smoking change the human voice?

What happens to the biology of the voicebox of smokers? Women's voices can change to croaky men's voices, and vaper's voices develop "white noise" content, like a TV set to static, compared to their ...
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1answer
42 views

What are the differences between the margins of the lateral and medial condyles of the tibia?

During an osteology lecture about the bones of the leg, the professor mentioned that the posterior (i think it was the posterior at least, I didn't write my notes down very well) margins of the ...
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1answer
71 views

Does the cranial dura consist of the periosteum? and if not, then is there a mistake in my textbook?

My textbook (Neuroanatomy an illustrated colour text) states that: The spinal dura and much of the cranial dura are separate from the periosteum, which forms the inner lining of the surrounding ...

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