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Questions tagged [human-anatomy]

This tag is for questions about the general anatomical features of human beings as opposed to the anatomy of non-human animals.

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Can the heart generate its own rhythm independent to the SAN?

My textbook and a revision guide, which I believe is a reinterpretation of the textbook, state that: The SAN initiates waves of excitation that usually override the myogenic action of the cardiac ...
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1answer
19 views

What are the brain structures directly on top of the brain stem?

I have been trying to learn the anatomy of the brain, and some information on their functions, through an iPad app called 3D Brain. Whilst going through the different parts, I have noticed that one ...
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What is the name of the wrinkles occurring in people's lips?

I was wondering if there is a name for the wrinkles occurring in people's lips. Just curious.
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57 views

How can we usually “trust a fart” not to be liquid or solid?

Jack Nicholson's character Edward Cole in the movie The Bucket List said ...and never trust a fart, and a search for Al Roker leakage White House will clear up any doubts what that's all about. How ...
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1answer
76 views

Does bone smash or smash bone theory work? [closed]

Bone smash theory is the theory that damaging bones increases bone mass over time. For example, one can moderately strike parts of their bones with blunt objects/weapons like a hammer or etc. to ...
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0answers
59 views

What are the (statistically) normal pH levels in the most-outer part of human sexual organs?

What are the (statistically) normal pH values of the outer skin/epidermis of human sex organs (groin/crotch) in the male and female? e.g male testes, female vulva, male glans, the enveloping skin, etc....
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Autophagy role in mortality and mental health

These days the "fasting industry", personal trainers and self proclaimed doctors on youtube make strong claims such as fasting lengthening life and improve mental health or prevent alzheimer's disease....
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22 views

why is BMI computed from mass and surface instead of mass and volume

Surface area of cube with size $a$ is multiple of $a^2$. The same holds for balls and any three dimensional object. Volume of cube is $a^3$. Volume of ball and other three dimensional object is ...
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2answers
46 views

Would prehistoric humans have been considered negroid or australoid by modern standards? [closed]

What are your thoughts about this? For myself I think that the subject statement is rather obvious isn’t it, since Africans, & especially Australian Aboriginals, have the most archaic features &...
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1answer
40 views

Is there an adjective I can use to describe body parts like hands, feet, eyes, and ears that exist on both sides of the body's sagittal plane?

Body parts like human hands, feet, ears, eyes, etc. exist on either side of the human body's sagittal plane and can therefore be specified with the adjectives left and right. Is there a special ...
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1answer
47 views

How are fingerprints formed?

I know what influences the fingerprints to be unique always. But what actually process is taken to make these as we grow?
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41 views

Human Body Electricity

Since the human body has electricity, can the human body use that energy in any possible way? Such as using it to power something in any way. As you know we can use technology because we have ...
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Colour of our organs

Upon researching the organs of the body I have found that in every picture that I have seen the organs are of colour for example the kidneys are a light red colour. I understnad that our organs are ...
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1answer
162 views

Does blood clot reduce blood flow?

I read that blood clot reduces blood flow from few website and from doing an A level biology question; and if this blood clot is formed in pulmonary thrombosis, this can reduce gas exchange in lung. ...
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27 views

What is the average human body density?

Looking for values of the average human body density on the Internet, one often finds the values of 0.98 for male, 0.87 for female. Other values are 0.985 for male and female. However, I can find no ...
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63 views

Why doesn't peritoneal dialysate leak through the fallopian tubes?

It is my understanding that the female peritoneum does not form a closed (potential) space due to its puncture by the uterine tubes. If that is indeed the case, why is peritoneal dialysis in women not ...
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1answer
25 views

Is the mesenterium a synonym for the mesocolon?

On biodigital anatomy browser I found a structure called the mesocolon. I didn't find the term in Uberon and I'm unclear whether it's simply a synonym for mesenterium or whether it's a separate ...
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1answer
55 views

What does 'proper' mean in the anatomical context?

I've seen the word 'proper' in websites, lectures, etc., in the context of human anatomy. But I'm unsure as to what its definition is. For example, the 'oral cavity proper'.
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1answer
51 views

In what fluid does the sperm swim in the oviduct?

We know that after sexual intercourse, sperm enters the female body and continues to pass through the oviduct by swimming. "Swimming" implies the presence of fluid. I want to know what that fluid is ...
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1answer
55 views

What is meant with “the chest wall and lungs are coupled together”?

Since the lung and chest are elastic, we can represent them with springs. Under normal conditions, they are coupled together: the “lung” springs are stretched and the “chest” springs are compressed. ...
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227 views

Average width of the male body

I've been looking for the average width (at widest point) of the average American male body but couldn't find it anywhere so far. When I say "widest point", I mean that if you draw a rectangle (that ...
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1answer
32 views

Structure separating the left atrium from the ascending aorta?

With reference to the (adult) anatomy of the human heart: The left atrium (LA) and the proximal part of the ascending aorta (Ao) abut one another, as shown nicely in this image [1]. Is there a name ...
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1answer
133 views

Why we can't feel the different parts of ear during hearing which is mentioned in all biology books?

We can't feel our outer ear, middle ear and inner ear during hearing something. Why is that such a complex phenomenon is happening all the time but still we don't have any clue regarding that in our ...
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2answers
60 views

quadrupedalism in human [closed]

Recently I saw a BBC documentary on a family from a remote village in turkey where one couple has 18 children and out of which 5 are walking on four legs. These children are 28-34 yr old & have ...
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0answers
22 views

Would preserving your Eyes from Light keep them healhty?

I read about why eyesight diminishes with age. I am aware of the fact that there are different causes that can affect the quality of image received by our eyes and that being vague would not lead to a ...
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does being battered build muscle?

My crude understanding of how people normally go about building muscle is something like this following 2 step process: 1) a person can lift weights (for example), which tears muscle and stimulates ...
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2answers
243 views

Are there any place in human body that safe to implant things and have large amount of blood run through?

Suppose there was a fuel cell in the size of AAA battery that could convert human blood sugar into electricity. Assume it safe and efficient without causing allergic reaction. But to avoid the risk of ...
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0answers
23 views

Muscle layers of pharynx and gi tract

Why does pharynx have an internal longitudinal muscle layer and external circular muscle layer, while oesophagus and the rest of gastrointestinal tract have inner circular and outer longitudinal ...
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0answers
48 views

Tensile strength of collagen?

Really specific question, but what is the average tensile strength of human collagen, type I? I've tried looking for it online, and either my google-fu skills are weak, or I'm just unlucky. Also, is ...
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0answers
74 views

In endochondral bone formation, why does only hyaline cartilage get ossified to form bone?

There are three types of cartilage: hyaline, fibro cartilage and elastic. Fibro cartilage does not have perichondrium...so it does not take part in ossification because perichondrium needs to develop ...
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0answers
32 views

Why do humans lose subcutaneous fat from the extremities with age?

Why does fat tissue die and shrink on the hands, knees, and lower legs of most people as they age, even when they are overweight? In most people, their bone definition becomes much more visible around ...
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2answers
292 views

Can a brain dead person recover?

Many times I have heard someone having to pull the plug because the patient was declared brain dead before the body healed fully? Why do they pull the plug without first waiting till the body/brain ...
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0answers
33 views

Why are there sporadic lightly pigmented hairs in facial hair?

My body and scalp hair are entirely black. Until recently, I thought this was the case with my facial hair also, until I noticed a small handful of hairs that were anywhere from light brown to copper-...
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What is the occipital bun, precisely (in Neanderthals and Homo Sapiens)?

I've read that the occipital bun is an anatomical feature of the Neanderthals, and only because modern humans (except sub-Saharan Africans) carry a few percent of Neanderthal DNA due to ...
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1answer
47 views

Viral susceptiility of Nose and eyes

I read that opening in our face like nose and eyes are one which get us infected with numerous communicable diseases like cold , flu ebola etc. Both these organs have preventive mechanism like nose ...
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1answer
116 views

Why is the hippocampus considered to be a cortical structure but not the amygdala?

I'm having some trouble understanding the anatomical differences that classify the hippocampus as a cortical structure but not the amygdala. I have included the screenshot of a diagram from Gray's ...
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1answer
96 views

Polar renal scarring in pyelonephritis?

Why does infection and scarring occurs at poles in Vesicoureteric reflux but not in Obstructive pyelonephritis? It is said in Robbins that, it is due to polar papillae being flattened or concave ...
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1answer
201 views

Do breasts size depend solely on fat amounts?

I've read the first answer here on quora and it suggests that (not during pregnancy and breastfeeding) breasts differ in size only due to the amount of fats. However, there can be firm or soft breasts ...
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1answer
52 views

Do decibels matter if the sound is outside human hearing?

I bought a dog training device that emits sound at 25K hertz and 130 dB. Can this damage anyone’s hearing since they can’t hear it? Also is it possible for an infant to hear in the 25K hertz range? ...
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1answer
81 views

What parts of the visual system could be responsible for a fixed, monocular scotoma?

Light enters the cornea, crosses the lens, hits the retina. Electric sinal travels from retina through the optic nerve, reaches the chiasma, crosses and makes its way to the visual cortex. My ...
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21 views

Why crackling the limbs in stretching?

In severel times I hear crackle nois when I stretch my limbs after a long time immobility. What cause this noise? Is there any connection with immobility or other (un)activities?
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1answer
973 views

Ligaments at the posterior superior iliac spine

In Causes of Back Dimples, it was determined that these 'Dimples of Venus' are created by a short ligament stretching between the posterior superior iliac spine and the skin. They are thought to be ...
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1answer
58 views

Why does the right bundle branch not have any terminal filaments in the IVS of the human heart?

Dubin's "Rapid Interpretation of EKG's" briefly describes this part of human physiology but doesn't explain the reason behind it. Is there a specific advantage of the human heart having this ...
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+50

Where does the human brain drain to?

When a brain has a aneurysm and the patient survives untreated then where does that blood drain to or how is it absorbed? How is the pain perceived?
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1answer
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Why do humans have digestive system present at front and kidneys back?

Outlet of digestive system is present at back of the body but its digestive system at front. Outlet of urinary system is present at front of the body but its system present at back. Why do humans ...
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1answer
43 views

Why do scabs itch?

I have noticed that scabs formed over wounds itch a lot. And if the scab comes off then the skin rarely completely heals and a scar is left. Assuming scabs are important for the healing of skin ,...
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0answers
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Describing the location of the thalamic adhesion in simple English

I'm trying to describe the location of the thalamic adhesion as part of a personal project. I can't reference pictures, and I need to be as precise as possible without using convenient anatomical ...
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1answer
1k views

Ventricular Filling : Systole or Diastole?

As the Blood goes down from the Atrium to the Ventricles: The Tricuspid Valve ( Right Atrioventricular Valve) Bicuspid Valve (Mitral Valve ) The atrial pressure is INCREASES WHEN ATRIA ( THE ATRIA ...
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Exhaustion of skeletal muscle and ligaments

I read somewhere that while doing lifting back should be straight(means normal curve), so that erectors muscle in back do the work but it gets tired easily. Hence we form curve on our back like when ...
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2answers
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Why do we feel numbness and an electric sensation in our legs after standing for too long?

We have all felt that numbness while standing immobile for a while.It gets difficult to walk.It can also happen if we are just putting some pressure on our legs Why does this happen? I'd like to ...