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Questions tagged [human-biology]

This tag is for questions about the general biological features of human beings (as opposed to the biology of non-humans).

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11 views

Do kids under a certain age not hear the warning beeps that smoke detectors make when they are running out of battery power?

I've always been very annoyed by those regular single beeps that smoke detectors start doing increasingly often as the batteries start to run out, to warn (and annoy) the user to replace the batteries....
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Is molecular oxygen (O₂) consumed in any process (in humans) other than acting as an electron acceptor for the ETC?

I know that molecular oxygen (O2) serves as the electron acceptor in Complex IV of the electron transport chain, which maintains the proton gradient that produces ATP for, as far as I know, every cell ...
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54 views

How are the images of both eyes combined to form one image?

When you see an object by one eye, ex.right eye, you see it from the right direction and the opposite if you see it by your left eye, but when you open both eyes, the image appears somehow centric in ...
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pH on skin penetration of salicylic acid

I have found that at lower pH, there is more free salicylic acid (due to pKa of roughly 3), which is neutral/uncharged and then can penetrate the skin's oils which are non-polar. At higher pH, more ...
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25 views

Studying aging in humans (must be done in “real time”?)

I am asking this general question for members who are knowledgable about human aging research (especially at the molecular level). My assumption is that to study aging in humans directly would require ...
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How does salicylic acid (2-hydroxybenzoic acid) break down desmosomal proteins to exfoliate skin?

I've been searching for an explanation to salicylic acid's property of being able to break down desmosomal proteins, such as desmogleins in order to disrupt the outer layer of skin. Can someone ...
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How can the organic mercury compound Thiomersal be not dangerously toxic?

My intuition tells me that organic mercury compounds are absolutely toxic. Unimaginably, fundamentally, extremely and uncompromisingly toxic. I know that is not true for all doses. Thiomersal is the ...
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103 views

Genetic variance for a behavioural trait among human populations

From this article from The Guardian: We instinctively assume that differences in behaviour that are in fact due to culture must be linked to – even caused by – characteristics of appearance. That ...
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52 views

Is it true that ethanol can have some positive effects?

I recently was reading this inforgrafics about excessive alcohol use. It is written: No one should begin drinking or drink more frequently based on potential health benefits I am surprised. Is ...
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3answers
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Is sex a spectrum?

At the moment I'm especially interested in the question of whether biological sex is really a spectrum. Unfortunately I could not find any good answers on the Internet. Therefore I hope that some of ...
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8 views

Meiotic recombination hotspots

Im trying to find a proper and general file with chromosomal coordinates for meiotic recombination hotspots. I know that ucsc hgtables, has a table with recombination regions and their recombination ...
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Correlation seen with low billirubin levels but not the gene that causes Gilbert's syndrome

I was reading the following study on associations between bilirubin and CAD (coronary artery disease). They looked at the bilirubin association, and the genes that cause Gilbert's syndrome, which ...
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How does lipoid pneumonia lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)?

How does lipoid pneumonia lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)? The vaping illnesses that have been happening on the news in the United States are being caused by the federal ...
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Why is glomerular filtration called a non selective process?

According to Biology NCERT Class 11, Page 299, "Filtration is a non-selective process performed by the glomerulus using the glomerular capillary blood pressure." But the glomerulus filters out blood ...
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1answer
40 views

To what extent does loss of neurons in the substantia nigra affect movement?

There is a substance known as MPTP that is capable of crossing the blood-brain barrier. Once it does so, it is metabolized into a toxin called MPP+, which then selectively destroys dopaminergic ...
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94 views

How many times have the cells in a human body divided?

Every single cell in a multicellular organism can in principle trace its "ancestry" back to the zygote through a continuous chain of cell divisions. How many divisions have occurred in a typical cell ...
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Does a breastfed infant gain immunoprotection due to intramuscular vaccination of the breastfeeder?

There is a claim that infants gain immunoprotection from breastfeeding. I am especially interested in specific protection against pathogens the breastfeeder (not necessarily the mother) has been ...
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48 views

Can brain activity be restored after being stopped, assuming no cellular damage?

I was reading about cryonic preservation recently. In a separate place on the Internet, I've read that once brain activity stops and brain death occurs, the person is dead with no hope of recovery. ...
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23 views

Increasing Eumelanin Production In Body

Is there any way on how to increase the eumelanin production in your body for a longer period of time without improving pheomelanin? Thanks for your answers.
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Parthenogenesis vs. Fertilization. Is a polar body different from an egg?

In Parthenogenesis that happens by automixis "the replication of an egg by meiosis and the transformation of the haploid egg to a diploid cell occur by fusion with a polar body." =https://www....
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Janina kolkiewicz who faced Lazarus phenomenon

I've just read about Janina kolkiewicz case who faced Lazarus phenomenon and I was wondering how could her brain and organs survive these long hours without oxygen?
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1answer
6k views

What is the human energy consumption by organ?

The human brain uses about 25% of the human body's metabolic energy. How are the other 75% spent, in terms of portioning to its various systems? I thought this could be answered by a simple search, ...
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30 views

Do umbilical cholinergic neurons allow communication between mother and fetus?

Presumably, since cholinergic neurons are invovled in memory, there must be some capacity to transmit memory or information to the fetus.
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Can a single spermatozoon break through the zona pellucida?

Can a single spermatozoon digest 15μm of zona pellucida with its 1μm acrossome? It doesn't seem possible yet one of my biology teachers told me that it was. Are multiple acrossomes needed to get ...
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53 views

How to design a permanent vaccine to cholera using CRISPR?

I know that Vibrio Cholerae infects the body through the GM1 ganglioside. So, would it be possible to engineer a CRISPR gene editing tool to prevent Vibrio Cholerae from getting into our cells? ...
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Changes in dna from dioxin poisoning

A person sprayed with a dioxin, how long would it take for a dna change? Instant or over time? Would that person having children afterwards pass on any(if any) dna changes?
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How does coffee cause calcium loss in our body?

Recently on radio a doctor advices to reduce the consumption of coffee as it leads to calcium loss(as my mother described). My initial response was: How could such thing be possible? What kind of ...
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Biological & Evolutionary Reasons for Palm (Bi)Symmetry

The fingers of the human palm exhibit a (bi)symmetrical pattern with regards to their size, in the sense that the thumb and the pinky are almost the same size, and the same holds for the index and ...
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60 views

Why are HeLa tumors purple?

I remember hearing that the tumor where HeLa cells originated from was purple and jelly like, and I've seen pictures from studies with rats and HeLa tumors, and their tumors appear to also be purple. ...
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Does food grade diatomaceous earth contain mercury

Not sure if this is the right site to ask this question, but since diatomes are or once were biological creatures it seemed to fit this one more than any of the others. I have been supplementing my ...
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2answers
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Why, when someone eats food, and he/she directly checks his body weight, why it seems to be no changes in body weight?

Why, when someone eats food, and he/she directly checks his body weight on balance, why it seems to be no changes in body weight and there wasn't any execration, I want to know where did food weight ...
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Would DMSO Be An Effective Solvent For Creating A Transdermal Absorption of NMN + Pterostilbene + TMG In Humans?

I've read conflicting information on this. If not DMSO, is there a better solvent to use?
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45 views

What are cells not affected by hormones called?

Cells that are affected by hormones are called target cells which have their own receptors that listen to signals. I'm unsure of the actual name of cells that are not affected by hormones, I tried ...
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Do people have local immunity?

I mean the immunity that covers only one body part or skin area after exposure to the infection but does not cover the whole organism.
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48 views

Can two proteins activate/inhibit the same gene at the same time?

Suppose there are two proteins inhibiting a particular gene. Its not necessary that both will inhibit the gene at the same time instance right? So if one protein has already inhibited that gene before ...
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1answer
34 views

Does Japan have an ageing population? [closed]

I often hear Japan has a declining/ageing population. It seems to be the prime example for this kind of thought. Yet after moving to Japan and after having been there for travel several times already. ...
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2answers
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Why do red muscle fibres have more mitochondria than white muscle fibre but less ATP than White muscle fibres?

This is a question given in my Anatomy book and I am really confused because logically the substance which have more mitochondria should have more ATP as mitochondria is the power house of cell.But ...
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1answer
61 views

Can a young voice have physical causes?

I have noticed that some older adults (40+ range) can have voices that sound much younger than their actual age (i.e. an adult sounds like an adolescent). My question is: could any physical aspects ...
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27 views

Brain evolution in the age of the caesarian

I have just been reading an account of the evolution of human intelligence in Matthew Syed’s recent book on diversity, called “Rebel Minds”. He is not the originator of this idea, but he suggests ...
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32 views

In human embryology, what starts ovum cell division?

Maybe I am not using the correct search keywords in Google, but I cannot seem to find anything beyond basic information taught in schools about fertilisation of the egg by the sperm. After the sperm ...
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Does any tendon in humans receive a high amount of blood supply? Or is the property of not receiving a large blood supply a constant across tendons?

I read on https://www.physiocomestoyou.co.uk/blog/all-you-need-to-know-about-tendons/ (mirror): [Tendons] do not have a large blood supply. Does any tendon in the human body receive a high amount ...
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How are antiandrogens broken down in the body?

Does anyone know how the body breaks down anti-androgens? I'm trying to figure out how this works. I tried to look some of it up on google but couldn't find any understandable resources.
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108 views

Is sexual desire stronger in men than women?

Usually in popular culture it's considered men sexual desire is stronger than women. This seems to be congruent with the availability of sexual related items for men and women, such as magazines, ...
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1answer
102 views

What are the coverings of femoral hernia?

It was my Viva question and I was really puzzled.I know what is femoral hernia and it route like the abdominal content moves down the femoral canal and further through the saphenous opening and all ...
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1answer
80 views

Why do we need to amplify DNA sequences?

I am learning about biotechnology. I have no education in biology or chemistry and am simply interested in the subject of biotechnology. I am wondering why we need to have multiple copies of a piece ...
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118 views

Sleep deprivation relation to growth rate and mental health in adolescence

Do sleep deprivation and its timing affect growth rate and mental health in adolescents? If so how much sleep is enough for teenagers?
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Why males are more prone to cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks than females?

I often see more people of males undergoing treatment for heart disease. It is often said that female reproductive hormone (oestrogen) has some cardio-protective action by preventing constriction of ...
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What happens if an enzyme stops working in the body?

For example, if the enzymes in the digestive system stop working will the digestion still occur as enzymes are only catalysts for the reactions. Thank You
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By what mechanism do our nerves lengthen as people get taller?

How do nerves get longer as kids grow taller? I searched for an answer but I can only find information on the formation of nerves in embryos.
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Do cells of the same type fuse together with suturing?

I am reading this site: http://sciencenetlinks.com/student-teacher-sheets/cells-your-body/ "Cells that do the same job combine together to form body tissue, such as muscle, skin, or bone tissue." ...