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Questions tagged [human-evolution]

The study of evolution with a particular focus on questions about the evolution of modern humans.

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Why does it seem like there is very little disparity between races in regards to intelligence

There is numerous biological difference between human races, from height to average BMI to various organ size. Oddly however there is very little disparity in regards to intelligence (when accounting ...
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87 views

Evolution versus Creationism [closed]

If nature, or any aspects of it, are intelligently designed, how could we tell? How would we be able to test that hypothesis?
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Are genes for producing heterozygotic twins sweeping?

The tendency for a woman to ovulate two or more eggs at once, which may results in a heterozygotic multiple births is the way I understand it at least to some part genetic. At least since the ...
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14 views

why is multiple blunt end repairs for one sample necessary

when is it necessary to prepare more than one blunt end repair library from an ancient DNA Extract? and what does it achieve?
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22 views

If an ethnic group holds nearly 100% of a particular haplogroup, does it means that people who have this haplogroup are their descendants?

Let me give you a hypothetical example. If the Egyptians were 100% E3b1, and the Levantines 50%, and the Anatolians 25%. Does this indicate that the Levantines and Anatolians are descended from ...
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Would prehistoric humans have been considered negroid or australoid by modern standards? [closed]

What are your thoughts about this? For myself I think that the subject statement is rather obvious isn’t it, since Africans, & especially Australian Aboriginals, have the most archaic features &...
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Do the normal in vivo spatial growth controls, not apply to hair follicles?

The common changes in hair growth are linked to changes in the size enlarging anagen follicles achieve. According to the accepted science in tissue physiology, the in vivo growth of the anagen ...
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28 views

Why do some people have a fear of depths?

I'm asking this question on this website because I want an evolutionary reason rather than a reason of how the human brain works. In one episode of "The Nature of Things," I heard David Suzuki say he ...
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1answer
33 views

If mammals evolved to be nocturnal, then how did we get so staunchly diurnal in such short time?

Much of human health revolves around sleeping well through the night. We know about circadian and body temperature rhythms which make us sleepy at night, peak melatonin production in the middle of ...
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2answers
80 views

How can skull size difference alone explain behavioral differences using evolutionary theory?

I just started Robert Sapolsky lectures series on Youtube on Human behavior biology, and on the second lecture, at this point, he is explaining how evolutionary biology can be used to predict lots of ...
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29 views

(secondary) human/primate advantages over other animals? [closed]

I am trying to understand the advantages that humans have over other species, besides what you could call 'sentience-critical'. What I mean by this is, the first set of answers you'll get is "more ...
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1answer
48 views

Why don't primates have galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose (alpha-gal), but other mammals do?

I read in wikipedia that: Galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose, commonly known as alpha gal, is a carbohydrate found in most mammalian cell membranes. It is not found in primates, including humans. My ...
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1answer
90 views

How valid are Koestler’s criticism of evolutionary theory?

I recently read Arthur Koestler's 1967 book The Ghost in the Machine. In it, Koestler criticises the neo-Darwinian theory of evolution—beneficial random mutations preserved by natural seleciton—as ...
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1answer
117 views

Why would pedophilia exist? [duplicate]

From an evolutionary perspective, why would anyone ever be sexually exited by small children who could not possibly have started puberty? Is it a confusion between some combination of sexual and non-...
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1answer
86 views

Skin Colour in “Northern” Regions of The earth

Question: Netflix has recently produced a two-part miniseries, The Evolution of US, that examines the evolution of "man". The topic of of human skin colour was covered and it was stated that 'lighter ...
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1answer
50 views

Why is melanin black? [duplicate]

I understand that the function of melanin is to protect individuals from sunlight, and that people living in sun exposed areas are darker due to increased production of melanin. But why is the melanin ...
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2answers
60 views

quadrupedalism in human [closed]

Recently I saw a BBC documentary on a family from a remote village in turkey where one couple has 18 children and out of which 5 are walking on four legs. These children are 28-34 yr old & have ...
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1answer
42 views

Does drying meat in the sun make digesting it easier?

I was looking into the relationships between man, fire, brain size, evolution, etc. and I learned about other methods of food preparation that eased digestion, but did not use fire. Then, this ...
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What is the evolutionary advantage of getting hard nipples when being aroused? Why can they even be stimulated sexually?

I try to understand the evolutionary advantages of the body reactions of nipples and penises/vaginas. I'm confused, because I can explain the evolutionary advantage in a logical & consistent way ...
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81 views

Why don't vegetables taste good despite being healthful? [closed]

This is more a question about the evolution of taste than about the chemical composition of vegetables. Why don't vegetables taste good despite being healthful?
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2answers
108 views

What is meant by “50% related to sibling” versus “95% related to chimpanzee”?

Obviously I am more related to my sister than to a chimpanzee, so what do these different percentages actually refer to? Here is my preliminary research: https://genetics.thetech.org/ask-a-...
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1answer
90 views

What makes red meat less healthy than seafood, after millennia of evolving to eat meat? [closed]

We are told that red meat is carcinogen; fish and white meat are not. What make us not "compatible" to red meat after thousands of years of evolution and meat eating, and yet seafood is opposite ?
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Are mosquitoes actually louder than similar flying insects, or have we evolved to hear them?

I've come across many flying insects smaller than the common housefly, but (anecdotally) the only such species that I can hear from an appreciable distance away is the mosquito, with its distinctive ...
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What is the occipital bun, precisely (in Neanderthals and Homo Sapiens)?

I've read that the occipital bun is an anatomical feature of the Neanderthals, and only because modern humans (except sub-Saharan Africans) carry a few percent of Neanderthal DNA due to ...
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23 views

Are there any open phylogenetic projects that don't require coding to make a contribution

I am stay at home learner, not pursuing education formal education and currently doing a part time job. I've however completed masters in biotechnology and I'm studying to pursue PhD in molecular ...
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72 views

Does natural selection in humans work out in “best outcomes” or do e.g. subjective biases affect it?

Does natural selection in humans work out in "best outcomes" or do subjective biases affect it? That is, how much is natural selection "guided by nature" and "guided by humans"? E.g. given "fully ...
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1answer
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Why does the right bundle branch not have any terminal filaments in the IVS of the human heart?

Dubin's "Rapid Interpretation of EKG's" briefly describes this part of human physiology but doesn't explain the reason behind it. Is there a specific advantage of the human heart having this ...
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1answer
77 views

Can the environment affect genes and adaptation in offspring?

I recently read several articles that believe that environment can affect gene expression and this change will transfer down to the children. Some theorists believe that random mutations are more rare ...
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1answer
90 views

Will humans ever evolve to cope with the rising temperature of our planet? [closed]

I am a complete layman of this field(Biology).I went through an article about global temperature rise and i wanted to ask this question. Federal science agencies announced Wednesday that 2016 was ...
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45 views

Why do humans enjoy spices? [duplicate]

It seems that many flavor and food preferences can be explained in the context of regulating feeding behavior. Generally, organisms tend to enjoy those foods which are optimal for them to feed on and ...
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2answers
172 views

Is happiness or pleasure an evolutionary programming for survival?

I think that whenever we feel some kind of happiness or pleasure it is always related with improving our chances of survival, that might be temporarily or in long term, might be of only of an ...
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0answers
39 views

Hairlessness in humans [duplicate]

I was wondering if there is a scientific consensus about why humans have evolved to have relatively little hair in comparison to other apes. I may be conflating, but the only explanation I can come ...
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2answers
65 views

Evolution - The ability to control ear muscles

Among animals the ability to control ear muscles is pretty common, but only a few humans have the ability. Is it because we in general lost this ability ?
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Around what time did dark skin disappear from Europe?

As Europeans gradually became lighter skinned, there would have been people that still had dark skin. Around what time period did Europeans become completely light skinned?
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2answers
155 views

Why do I have two kinds of pubic hair? [closed]

I feel silly even asking this question, but there's a quirk of my anatomy that I find interesting, and I can find nothing about it online. I am looking for information on whether this quirk is ...
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2answers
351 views

Why haven't humans evolved to fly? [duplicate]

Why haven't we evolved the ability to fly? I mean, it is advantageous when you take into account how many predators and parasites exist on the land, and there may be less or no dangers from birds up ...
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1answer
91 views

Is cruelty a human instinct? [closed]

I had started studying human behaviour and human instincts a few months ago, earlier the question was raised after seeing human behaviour with animals (his prey). Animals hunt their prey for eating, ...
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1answer
114 views

Proof of Darwinism( fossil records) [closed]

What logic do anti-darwinists provide for refuting the proofs( by proof I mean the fossil records) of darwinism ? Is it the missing links? If yes then , what do they make of the fossils which are ...
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1answer
102 views

What is the biological/evolutionary advantage to baldness? [duplicate]

Male pattern baldness is a common genetic trait. With a distinctive pattern/ density gradent (as apposed to general old age thinning as the body ages) Hair has an advantage of protection from the sun/...
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What natural defence mechanism does the human body have against lead poisoning?

It is known that lead ion takes place of necessary ions, like calcium, in the body, but does not perform their task, hence wrecking the system. So how does the body eventually recognise this threat ...
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1answer
123 views

Why hasn't evolution gotten rid of the appendix yet?

A figure I have recently stumbled upon suggests that about 7% of the world population will, or have, had appendicitis in their lifetime. Cutting out the appendix was impossible until very recently. ...
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Are there examples of sexual selection effecting traits in both sexes equally?

I've had an ongoing interest in the evolution of human furlessness and this appears to be a notable example of attributing a trait that effects both sexes to sexual selection. Darwin suggested it was ...
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1answer
642 views

Evolution of the (phenotypic) facial features of the indigenous people of (west/central) Africa

I am not even remotely an expert in this field; I just got curious, so help me. First of all, let us remove all human sentimental attributes from this question (such as connotations of scientific ...
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22 views

Population size and number of generations along lineage of humans

I'm looking for estimates of the population size and number of generations at each stage of the lineage of humans. I.e., I'd like to fill out the following table. ...
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What percentage of a complete Denisovan genomes lives on in the union of the sets of overlapping pieces in extant humans

In studies like this one mapping out distributions around the world or the analysis described in this article (suggesting a contribution from a non-Denisovan but Denisovan-like unidentified hominin to ...
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1answer
311 views

Why do humans retain two kidneys?

If one kidney can function just as well as two, why do humans have two kidneys? The cost of growing two kidneys must surely be quite high, especially since one kidney is all that is really needed.
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36 views

Carbohydrate diet and dental health

I read that human started carbohydrates rich diet after adopting agriculture before that meat was main energy source which has comparatively less carbohydrate. High carbohydrate started destroying ...
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1answer
67 views

How much time does it take for an evolutionary change to take place?

I think I've read that in humans, it takes either 50,000 or 100,000 years for a mutation to fixate. But I've looked into the books I thought it mentioned it and I can't find it. I know there are ...
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650 views

Do all living humans literally descend from one ape?

In the opening chapter of Sapiens, Harari writes: Just 6 million years ago, a single female ape had two daughters. One became the ancestor of all chimpanzees, the other is our own grandmother. Is ...
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EVOLUTION OF MAN QUESTION [closed]

I have a few questions concerning man's origins . Man has 10 vital Organs and support systems. yes or no? Man needs all 10 of his vital Organs or he dies. yes or no? . Either those 10 vital organs ...