Questions tagged [human-physiology]

For questions on the biochemical, physical, and mechanical functioning of humans in good health including their organs and cells.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-2
votes
0answers
9 views

ANATOMICAL PARTS INVOLVED [closed]

I am working on a project and have been struggling to extrapolate the answers to my problem. Any insight would be more than appreciated! QUESTION: FOR EACH OF THE FOLLOWING, INDICATE: a - muscles ...
-4
votes
0answers
76 views

Do women also love men's chest/nipples at same extent as men's love for women's breasts? [closed]

Important Note: Kindly consider that I'm mostly concerned about heterosexual men/women of western culture, especially USA, Canada, UK. And India too. And let's focus mainly on this century. And it's ...
-1
votes
0answers
47 views

Odd- and even-sneezers

There's an anecdotal claim that people exhibit clear pattern when clearing their nose: Usually sneezing once (odd-sneezers) Usually sneezing twice (even-sneezers) Usually making a long series of ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

How deep underwater could you breathe using a tube which breaks the surface until the water pressure makes it impossible to inhale air?

I'm struggling with a question asking how deep you can breathe underwater using a hollow reed before the water pressure makes it impossible to inhale. The question asked to use this data of maximal ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

External “lungs” that process your blood the same as your real lungs do - would that stop your need for breathing?

So say your blood goes with a tube out of your body. In an external device all the chemical/biological magic would happen and it would be fed back to your body. Of course this doesn't exist (yet), but ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Why can we eat salty food, but can't stomach salty water?

I know that too much sodium is bad for our health. However, it struck me as odd that we like to add salt to pasta sauce or other foods we eat, yet trying to drink salt water can bring on the gag ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Which landmark paper first described the differentiation of T-cells?

T-cells are distinguished from B cells in part by their locus of differentiation/maturation (thymus). This is textbook knowledge, but I was wondering which particular person or people were responsible ...
-3
votes
1answer
59 views

If you only ate fruits, vegetables or smoothies would you be able to skip drinking water?

If you only ate fruits, vegetables or smoothies would you be able to skip drinking water? I do not see some animals (like squirrels) drinking water daily (doesn't mean they don't have a water source) ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

How do prodrugs exactly work? Are there multiple varieties of prodrugs?

I have been reading about a (new?) prodrug of LSD, 1CP-LSD, which is being synthesized in the body to LSD. However, I don't know how exactly. I read somewhere, that another prodrug of LSD, 1P-LSD was ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Does LSD “stay” in your fat storage and then “returns” back?

This rumor was told me by a very anti-drug person. A stance I agree with only lightly. The rumor was that when you take LSD, it stores itself in your fat storage, and then returns back in 3-6 months, ...
0
votes
3answers
83 views

Why aren't the twin organs like both the eyes, ears, hands and legs lying both sides of a human body identical?

Both the eyes are not identical in geometrical shape and size i.e. physical appearances of both the eyes of a person are different from each other. The same difference is observable in both the hands, ...
4
votes
0answers
26 views

How long does it take to reset sense of smell?

I have noticed that when I go on vacation for several days and then come back home, there is a distinctive, relatively mild paint smell in my apartment complex. However, under normal circumstances, ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

Why did the indigenous peoples of northern Asia and America not evolve the same physical characteristics as people of Nordic ancestry?

I was watching DW's documentary on the Arctic the other day, and I was struck by how the indigenous peoples of the far north seemed - visually speaking - to fit into two categories. On the one hand, ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Why do animals yawn? What is the biology behind it? [duplicate]

We yawn whenever we are tired and body needs rest. Why does the mouth open wide and a large volume of oxygen is inhaled?
-3
votes
1answer
52 views

What is the duration between: the moment we stop breathing and to body's and involuntary mucle movement? [closed]

I studied that if someone stops breathing by pressing their nostrils with fingers and start to starve without oxygen, the body will automatically cause the hands to leave the nostrils in a certain ...
-1
votes
1answer
39 views

Plasmolysis and turgor pressures

I am a high school student and I am a little confused in plasmolysis, when we study plasmolysis, we say that at limiting plasmolysis, the turgor pressure OR pressure potential reduces to 0 what do we ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

How would our vision be improved if our photoreceptors were not backwards?

I'm curious to how much better human eyesight would be if the nerves from our rods and cones were correctly placed behind the receptors? Are there any Animal Models with correctly placed ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Quantitative Physiology Textbooks Recommendations?

I am currently completing a 2nd year (UK) Mamamilian Physiology Module and a Neuroscience Module. However, my degree is also 40% Maths and Statistics. So in order to learn the content better, I am ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Why don't sodium Voltage Gated Channels open during Repolarization?

During Depolarization the Sodium VGC open when they receive the Threshold Stimulus. But when Repolarization occurs there comes a point when the cell interior has exactly the the same potential that it ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Is Pars intermedia functional in humans?

My textbook says, "Pars intermedia secretes only one hormone called melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH)." My teacher says that in humans MSH is secreted by the anterior lobe because the ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

How to estimate oxygen consumption of an average human during different activities?

I've tried to find some resource on the internet but had little luck. I'm looking to see if there's any data on average oxygen consumption of average to well trained humans during different activities....
3
votes
1answer
41 views

Concept of mean systemic filling pressure

Mean circulatory filling pressure (MCFP) in humans was defined by Guyton as "the pressure that would be measured at all points in the entiere circulatory system if the heart were stopped suddenly ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

What is “KK1 enzyme”?

In the book "The Kaizen Way" by Robert Maurer, I've read the following: When we’re sitting, our muscles go into a form of hibernation, causing our bodies to shut down the enzyme (called KK1)...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

Is water movement across cell membrane purely diffusive or it always requires channels?

If we see nephrons, in the descending part of Loop of Henle (LoH), water movement is allowed but solute movement is not. On the contrary, in ascending LoH, solute movement is allowed but not water. ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

What is the function of human Trypsin Inhibitor if trypsin is secreted in the inactive form of Trypsinogen? [closed]

I was reading about pancreatic digestive enzymes in a Textbook of Medical Physiology and I came across Trypsin Inhibitor. The text stated that: It is important that the proteolytic enzymes of the ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Why does exhaled air still contain oxygen?

I am a high school student and I am a little confused in the concept of breathing: My confusion is that, when we talk of exchange of gases we say that gases always diffuse from their high "...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Why does this oxygen duration chart have increased times above 30,000 FT MSL?

This oxygen duration chart from an airplane shows the amount of time a pilot can be on oxygen at a specified altitude (in 1000s of feet). For example, the chart shows two pilots able to cruise at a ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Using serotonin for relief from allergies

When someone suffers from an allergy, due some allergens they are given drugs like anti-histamine, adrenaline or serotonin. How does serotonin affects the body to give a relieve from the action of ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

How does mannitol decrease intracranial pressure?

What is the mechanism by which mannitol is able to reduce intracranial pressure? Also why aren't other substances used for this purpose such as say sorbitol (an epimer) or in fact any other ...
10
votes
0answers
101 views

How do the biophysics of how cerebrospinal fluid mechanically protects the brain work?

The two mechanisms I've seen mentioned are the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) acting as a hydraulic cushion or shock absorber, and how CSF creates a micro-gravity environment through buoyancy. I have very ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Why does glomerular filtration result in a filtrate with the same osmolality as plasma?

Unlike the plasma, the ultrafiltrate has no proteins which are prevented from filtering out. Shouldn't the loss of these proteins result in a loss of oncotic pressure and thus a different overall ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Why do beta-1 and beta-2 adrenergic receptors result in two completely different effects (though both use Gs pathway)?

$\beta_2$ adrenergic Receptors are $G_s$-coupled 7-TM proteins. Considering that $G_s$ , by activation increases $[\text{cAMP}]_\text{cytosol}$ which inhibits MLCK of smooth muscles (and causes ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Why severely increased Ligand (eg Hormones) concentration downregulates the Receptor?

As an example continuous high blood level of GnRH in humans causes a suppression of LH and FSH. This is due to the fact that increased GnRH downregulates GnRH-Receptors . My question is how this is ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Can severe vasoconstriction increase systolic blood pressure?

I know that, vasoconstriction results in increased total peripheral resistance which is responsible for the rise in diastolic blood pressure. Also, cardiac output is responsible for the systolic blood ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Topography of motor deficit and spasticity in UMNS

As a medical student, I have been told that upper motor neurone syndrome is a cause of motor deficit and spasticity. The motor deficit is said to be affecting predominantly the extensor apparatus at ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

How does noradrenaline result in rise of systolic blood pressure even when the cardiac output is decreasing?

Systolic blood pressure[SBP] depends on the cardiac output. When Nor adrenaline is given there is vasoconstriction due to alpha-1 action on blood vessel, vasoconstriction results in increased total ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Partial pressures of different gas in human blood and how they are calculated?

In Respiratory Physiology, we use the $P_x{O_2}$ and $P_x{CO_2}$ in blood at different regions of the peripheral circulation. From my Chemistry knowledge I know that $P_x$ of a gas in a solution is ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Are intestinal and pancreatic lipases different?

For explaining the action pancreatic lipase, my book wrote this equation:- $$fat\space particles + lipase\rightarrow fatty\space acid + glycerol + lipase$$ But for intestinal lipase, my book has a ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Under which conditions is human energy consumption minimized?

Including but not limited to: body state consumed food composition state of the digestive tract diseases wounds sleep coma, etc.; death excluded environment state temperature light pressure, etc. ...
-1
votes
1answer
55 views

Do pinhole glasses help reduce eye strain?

I've noticed that I can read about 10x longer at screens and books without my eyes tiring using the "pinhole trick" - where you curl your fingers and look through the hole (great explanation here ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

Why do arteries have a small lumen? [closed]

My biology textbook says that arteries have a small lumen relative to the thickness of their walls. I understand why they need thick walls, to withstand high pressure and stretch etc. But when ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Why don't we dribble tears through our nose?

Basal tears are tears produced by the lacrimal gland and they lubricate the eye. They are then funneled into the lacrimal sac and then from there into the nose eventually. If this is the case, why ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

Why does it take so long to bleed after accidentally cutting yourself?

Sorry if this is not a good site to ask this question, but I recently accidentally cut myself while chopping onions (very minor, no serious harm done), and noticed that it took quite a while before ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Which results in greater energy expenditure: consecutive actions, or non-consecutive actions?

Is there a difference in energy expenditure when performing the same set of movements consecutively vs non-consecutively? Example: You jump in-place 1 time, stand motionless for 1 minute, and then ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

By what physiological mechanism do we not feel microbes (bacteria, etc.) living on our skin?

Background I know our bodies have a handful of ways to threshold our awareness of sensory stimuli: Neural density Sensory acuity I assume really tiny stimuli could fit between receptors e.g., ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Why and how do red bone marrow concentrations in humans change during traditional aging?

I have found several pictures that suggest this is the case. As for peer reviewed papers I've found plenty of papers hypothesizing and testing as to the why of changes in populations of HSCs, a few ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Why doesn't copper affect human skin?

It's been known for a long time that copper has antimicrobial properties, but if it is so potent, why does it seem to have no effect on human skin or really any large animal?
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Origins of the body mechanics theory

In physical therapy and occasionally in sports coaching, there's often a precise description of the mechanics of what happens during the movement (which muscles are engaged, which joint moves where ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How do precordial leads measure electrical changes in the heart?

In precordial leads the electrodes from limbs are connected to a common point via resistors. What is the potential at the common point?
4
votes
2answers
171 views

Why do patients with type 2 diabetes not show the body wasting seen in type 1 diabetics?

Type 1 diabetes results from the destruction of the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, while type 2 diabetes is characterized by so-called "insulin resistance", presumably a reduced ...

1
2 3 4 5
7